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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  August 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION August 2016

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Subject:

FEAST - A Saint for the Day (August 8): St. Dominic of Caleruega

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 8 Aug 2016 07:10:18 +0000

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text/plain

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (8. August) is in the Roman Calendar the feast of St. Dominic, the founder of the Order of Preachers, also known as Dominic of Osma (where he had been a Canon Regular) and, in modern scholarship, as Dominic of Caleruega.  Churches of the Anglican Communion also commemorate him on this day.  Dominic died in Bologna in 1221.  He was canonized in 1234.


Some period-pertinent images of St. Dominic of Caleruega:

a) as portrayed in an originally earlier thirteenth-century panel painting of Sienese origin (ca. 1235-1240; head reworked in its present form ca. 1280-1285) in the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA:
http://www.harvardartmuseums.org/art/232018

b) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Francis of Assisi) in a bas-de-page illumination in a copy of the Office for the Dead in a later thirteenth-century psalter and book of hours from Liège (Den Haag, KB, ms. 76 G 17, fol. 69v):
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_76g17%3A069v_marge_onder

c) as portrayed in relief by Nicola Pisano on panels for Dominic's later thirteenth-century sarcophagus (betw. 1264 and 1267) in what is now the central portion of the Arca di San Domenico in the basilica di San Domenico in Bologna:
1) (lower register at right) the miracle of the unburnt book: 
http://tinyurl.com/qzf2djk
2) (central register, holding up the resuscitated Napoleone Orsini; this panel thought to be largely the work of Arnolfo di Cambio):
http://tinyurl.com/nrjo3po

d) as depicted (being blessed, along with the brethren, by Honorius III) in a late thirteenth-century copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA, Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol. 91v; image greatly expandable):
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/ds/huntington/images//000941A.jpg

e) as depicted (at right; at left, the martyrdom of St. Peter Martyr) in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 93r):
http://tinyurl.com/ylfo3wn

f) as depicted (at left; at right, St. Francis of Assisi) in the frontispiece to an late thirteenth- or early fourteenth-century hymnal of German origin (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, Morgan MS W.24, fol. 1v):
http://ica.themorgan.org/manuscript/182186

g) as depicted (full length; scenes) in the front panel of a very late thirteenth- or early fourteenth-century altarpiece (ca. 1300-1320) from Tamarit de Llitera (Huesca) in the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in Barcelona:
http://www.wga.hu/art/m/master/zunk_sp/zunk_sp1/06domini.jpg

h) as depicted (at far right) by Simone Martini in his earlier fourteenth-century Polyptych of San Domenico (ca. 1323-1324) in the Museo dell'Opera del duomo in Orvieto:
http://tinyurl.com/zktfb5h

i) as depicted (scenes) in a leaf from the earlier fourteenth-century Hungarian Angevin Legendary (ca. 1325-1345; New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, Morgan MS M.360.26):
http://ica.themorgan.org/manuscript/page/28/158381

j) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (betw. 1326 and 1350; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 185, fol. 240v):
http://tinyurl.com/2cjhg62

k) as depicted (at right) in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fol. 188v):
http://tinyurl.com/28j4yv9

l) as depicted in fresco (lower register at right, preaching; at left, two other Dominican saints; below them other Dominicans represented punningly as black-and-white dogs, _Dominici canes_) by Andrea da Firenze (Andrea di Bonaiuto) and assistants in a detail of their later fourteenth-century fresco of The Way of Salvation (ca. 1365-1368) in the Cappellone degli Spagnoli in the basilica di Santa Maria Novella in Florence:
http://www.wga.hu/art/a/andrea/firenze/spanish/2east10.jpg

m) as depicted (at far left in the second register from bottom) by Giovanni di Bartolomeo Cristiani in a detail view of his later fourteenth-century fresco of The Presentation of the Elect (1370s) in the refectory of the convent of San Domenico in Pistoia:
http://tinyurl.com/pjwbpf7 

n) as depicted (at right, preaching) in a late fourteenth- or early fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Rennes, Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, ms. 266, fol. 196v):
http://tinyurl.com/z7zl874

o) as depicted (at left; at center: the devil appearing in the form of a cat) by the Master of the Cité des Dames in a very late fourteenth or early fifteenth-century copy of part of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language translation by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1400-1410; Den Haag, KB, ms. 72 A 24, fol. 313v):
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_72a24%3A313v_min

p) as depicted (various scenes; click on the icons in the menu at bottom) by Beato Angelico in the predella of his earlier fifteenth-century Coronation of the Virgin in the Musée du Louvre in Paris (earlier 1430s or perhaps 1450):
http://cartelfr.louvre.fr/cartelfr/visite?srv=car_not_frame&idNotice=1197

q) as depicted (at right, flanking the BVM and Christ Child; at left, St. Zenobius of Florence) by Beato Angelico in an earlier fifteenth-century fresco (ca. 1437-46) in the Museo nazionale di San Marco in Florence:
http://tinyurl.com/q7j7sdd

r) as depicted in grisaille by Jean le Tavernier in the mid-fifteenth-century Hours of Philip of Burgundy (ca. 1451-1460; Den Haag, KB, ms. 76 F 2, fol. 269r):
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_76f2%3A269r_min

s) as depicted (his celestial vision; his meeting with St. Francis of Assisi) by Benozzo Gozzoli in a mid-fifteenth-century fresco (1452) in the apsidal chapel of the chiesa di San Francesco in Montefalco (PG) in Umbria:
http://www.wga.hu/art/g/gozzoli/2montefa/04scene.jpg

t) as depicted (resuscitating Napoleone Orsini) by Bartolomeo degli Erri in a later fifteenth-century panel painting (betw. 1467 and 1474) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York:
http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/435616

u) as depicted by Carlo Crivelli in a panel from a dismembered later fifteenth-century altarpiece (1472) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York:
http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/436054 

v) as depicted by Carlo Crivelli in a panel of his later fifteenth-century Demidoff Altarpiece (1476) in the National Gallery in London:
https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/carlo-crivelli-saint-dominic
Note how greatly Dominic has aged since he sat for the same painter a mere four years earlier (item u, above)!

w) as depicted (the miracle of the unburnt book; his vision of heaven) in a later fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1480-1490; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 245, fol. 23r):
http://tinyurl.com/3gx7okf

x) as depicted by the Master of the Modena Book of Hours in a late fifteenth-century Dominican missal from Lombardy (ca. 1490-1500; Den Haag, Museum Meermanno, cod. 10 A 16, fol. 207v):
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB:mimi_mmw_10a16:207v_init

y) as portrayed by Niccolò dell'Arca in a late fifteenth-century painted terracotta bust (1493) in the Museo di San Domenico in Bologna:
http://tinyurl.com/zdcrkm3
Detail view:
http://tinyurl.com/z9jnu6a

z) as depicted (at foot of the page) in the late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century Hours of Bonaparte Ghislieri (London, BL, Yates Thompson MS 29, fol. 12r [in the calendar]):
http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer.aspx?ref=yates_thompson_ms_29_f012r

Best,
John Dillon
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