JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  March 2010

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION March 2010

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

saints of the day 14. March

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 14 Mar 2010 00:10:22 -0600

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (116 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (14. March) is the feast day of:

1)  Alexander of Pydna (d. early 4th cent., supposedly).  According to Greek synaxary accounts, A. was a priest at Pydna in what is now the Pieria Prefecture in northern Greece who was successful in gaining many converts for Christianity and who in the persecution of Galerius (Diocletian's colleague who ruled from Thessalonica) was severely tortured and finally executed by decapitation.  He has a brief, legendary Passio (BHL 280; earliest witness is of the late ninth or early tenth century) that consists primarily of his response to an interrogation by Galerius and of a scene in which the emperor sees four men wearing white stoles bear A.'s soul to heaven, after which he accedes to a request that A.'s body be taken to Thessalonica for Christian burial.  The emperor Nicephorus Phocas (963-969) is said to have presented A.'s skull to the recently founded Great Lavra on Mount Athos.


2)  Lazarus of Milan (d. mid-5th cent.).  L. is traditionally the seventeenth bishop of Milan.  St. Ennodius of Pavia has an epigram on him (_Carmina_, ed. Hartel, 2. 83) that tells us that L. could with a severe look repress sinners but show a serene countenance to the innocent.  Medieval catalogues of Milan's bishops say that he ruled for eleven years, that he died on this day, and that he was buried in the the basilica of the Holy Apostles (now San Nazaro Maggiore, a.k.a. San Nazaro in Brolo).  In the Ambrosian Rite his feast is kept on 11. February to avoid its occurrence during Lent.

English-language pages (the second one better illustrated) on Milan's originally fourth-century, much rebuilt and expanded San Nazaro Maggiore:
http://www.visual-italy.it/EN/lombardia/milan/san-nazaro-maggiore/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Nazaro_in_Brolo
An illustrated, Italian-language page on the same church:
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basilica_di_San_Nazaro_in_Brolo
A ground plan:
http://www.tamtamtravel.com/write/opere/operag2614.jpg
Further exterior views:
http://tinyurl.com/yh8losg
Further interior views:
http://tinyurl.com/yj5cj4n
Further views, exterior and interior:
http://tinyurl.com/yldp6d4
The Italia nell'Arte Medievale page on Milan's San Nazaro Maggiore is here (or would be, were the site not off-line again):
http://tinyurl.com/3729bn


3)  Leobinus (d. after 552).   In the eleventh-century episcopal catalogue of Chartres L. (also Leubinus, Lubinus; in French, Lubin or Loubin) is the sixteenth bishop.  According to his seemingly ninth-century Vita (BHL 4847), he was a Gallo-Roman native of Poitou who had a monastic education, became a disciple of St. Avitus of the Perche, was captured by Franks who tortured him, returned to Avitus and stayed with him until the latter's death, then was ordained deacon, became head of a monastery, and finally bishop of Chartres.  He signed the Acta of the synods of Orléans in 549 and Paris in 552.  Today is his _dies natalis_.  The ninth-century crypt beneath Chartres' cathedral is named for him; a plan and a partial view are here:
http://home.eckerd.edu/~oberhot/visitor-normandy.htm
More views, plus views of the cathedral's St. Lubin window and of the his representation in stone on the cathedral's south porch (all expandable), are here:
http://tinyurl.com/2fp7eo
Gordon Plumb's views of the St. Lubin window:
http://tinyurl.com/yh73j22
The fourth item on this page is an expandable view of a fourteenth-century pilgrim's badge from Chartres portraying L.:
http://peregrinations.kenyon.edu/photobank/page5.html

L.'s cult spread fairly widely in France but is centered on Chartres and the Perche.  Here are a couple of views of his eleventh-/sixteenth-century church at Suèvres (Loir-et-Cher):
http://tinyurl.com/yzzs8qg
http://tinyurl.com/258gox
and some expandable views of his twelfth-/sixteenth-century church at Saint-Lubin-des-Joncherets (Eure-et-Loir):
http://www.vacanceo.com/albums_photos/fiche-album_11805.php
and a view of his twelfth-/sixteenth-century church at Arrou (Eure-et-Loir):
http://tinyurl.com/28ec2h
and one of his twelfth-/seventeenth-century church at Brou (Eure-et-Loir), where he is said to have been abbot:
http://tinyurl.com/ywe3od


4)  Matilda of Saxony (d. prob. 968).  The offspring of Saxon and of Danish-Frisian nobility, the pious M. received at the convent at Herford an upbringing suitable for her class and then was married to Henry, son the Duke of Saxony.  In 919 H. became king of the Germans and M. became queen.  She was the mother of emperor Otto I.  Of M.'s many foundations, the one for which she is best remembered is the convent of St. Servatius and St. Dionysius at Quedlinburg in today's Sachsen-Anhalt.  This was founded by the royal pair on the castle hill; its original church was the castle's chapel.  A new church was built in the late tenth and early eleventh centuries, was rebuilt in the early twelfth century, and was later expanded.  M. and H. repose in its crypt.

The convent lasted until 1802.  The church, which underwent a brief period as secularized national shrine during the Third Reich, survives as the Stiftskirche St. Servatius, otherwise known as the Quedlinburger Dom.  A couple of distance views are here:
http://tinyurl.com/yoxuej
http://www.quedlinburg-tourismus.de/images/schloss_1.jpg
Some illustrated pages on this UNESCO World Heritage site:
http://tinyurl.com/36er8u
http://tinyurl.com/2mmbla
http://tinyurl.com/2yc7mb
A view of M.'s sarcophagus is here:
http://www.othersideorg.de/qlb/html/kunst2.htm
That's from a virtual tour of the crypt that starts here (to proceed from page to page, click on "weiter"):
http://www.othersideorg.de/qlb/navipanos/kunst.htm

In 961 M. founded a women's monastery at today's Nordhausen (Lkr. Nordhausen) in Thüringen.  This house received a relic of the Holy Cross in about 1040 and was converted to a canonry in 1220.  Its mostly twelfth- to fifteenth-century church is now Nordhausen's Pfarrkirche zum Heiligen Kreuz, better known as the Nordhäuser Dom.  Two illustrated, German-language pages on this church:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordh%C3%A4user_Dom
http://www.kathedralen.net/nordhausen/nordhausen00.html
Further views:
http://tinyurl.com/ygq9nv9
The church has an informative website of its own at:
http://www.dom-nordhausen.de/
Clicking on "Ansichten" under "Das Bauwerk" in the menu at left on that site's home page brings up a gallery of individual views.  Click on those for explanatory pages (auf Deutsch, natürlich) or at least for expanded images.
Two pages of views of this church's late fourteenth-century choir stalls:
http://tinyurl.com/ykekucz
http://tinyurl.com/ykdvblz
M. on a stall end:
http://tinyurl.com/yzke29j

M.'s Vitae (BHL 5683, 5684) are available in English in Sean Gilsdorf, tr., _Queenship and Sanctity: The Lives of Mathilda and the Epitaph of Adelheid_ (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2004).


5)  Pauline of Thuringia (Bl.; d. 1107).  In the early years of the twelfth century the recently widowed P., a member of the Saxon nobility, established in the Thüringer Wald a double monastery whose women were herself and a few comrades and whose men were monks of the Benedictine abbey of Hirsau near Calw in today's Baden-Württemberg.  About a year after founding this institution P. undertook a journey to Hirsau but died en route at Münsterschwarzach in Bavaria.  From 1112 to 1132 an impressive church was built at P.'s monastery and in 1122 her remains were translated to it from Münsterschwarzach.  The monastery, which had been dedicated to the BVM, became known as Paulinzelle (Pauline's Cell) and was for a while very wealthy.  A monk of Hirsau, one Sigeboto, wrote P.'s Vita (BHL 6651; in MGH Scriptores, 30.2).

The monastery church, built on the model of the one at Hirsau, was consecrated in 1124.  The monastery became all male in the fourteenth century and was closed in 1536.  Much of the church's fabric was removed in the years that followed but enough survived into the early nineteenth century to stir hearts already touched by German Romanticism.  Partial restoration began in the middle of that century.  Today the church, located at what is now Paulinzella (Lkr. Rudolstadt) in Thüringen, is an important monument of Germany's medieval past.  An English-language account of it is here:
http://tinyurl.com/yua6oh
and better views of what's left are here:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kloster_Paulinzella
and here (click on "Bildergalerie" in the menu at left):
http://www.paulinzella.net/
and starting here (expandable):
http://tinyurl.com/ycsua6s


6)  Eva of Liège (Bl.; d. 1265).  We know about E. chiefly from references to her in the Vita of her friend St. Juliana of Liège (BHL 4521).  She appears to have come from a wealthy family and was persuaded by the somewhat older J. to become a recluse at the church of St. Martin in Liège (whence she is also known as E. of Saint-Martin).  J. visited her there regularly and it was with her that J. took refuge when in 1246 she was forced for the first time to leave the monastery of Mont-Cornillon where she was prioress.  E. and J. shared a strong devotion to the Eucharist and promoted at Liège, with only temporary effect, the institution of a feast honoring the Body of Christ.  When in 1264 Urban IV, a former archdeacon of Liège, extended the previously local feast of Corpus Christi to the entire Roman church, he sent to E. (J. being already deceased) a bull announcing this development.

E. seems to have been in her early sixties when she died in the following year.  Her cult was immediate; it was approved papally, at the level of Beata, in 1902.  E. entered the RM in its revision of 2001.

The église (now basilique) collégiale Saint-Martin at Liège was entirely rebuilt during the years 1506-1542.  A page of views and some other views:
http://tinyurl.com/ybojnzj
http://www.cwarzee.net/saint-laurent_liege/globalview1.jpg
http://tinyurl.com/ycnwcy2
http://tinyurl.com/yeb8bhl
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/original/4734676.jpg
http://tinyurl.com/y92fxg8

Best,
John Dillon
(last year's post revised and with the addition of Eva of Liège)

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: join medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: leave medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/medieval-religion.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JISCMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


WWW.JISCMAIL.AC.UK

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager