Print

Print


medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

John,

The links to the first two objects bring up identical pages, and tinyur link to the third object produces a 404 error. 

Bill

Sent from my iPhone

> On Jul 31, 2016, at 6:58 PM, John Dillon <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> 
> medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
> 
> Botvid (in Latin, Botvidus, Botwidus, Botwinus) is remembered as an evangelist of Södermanland in southeastern Sweden.  Details of his life come from a legend that appears to have taken form in the twelfth century and that is represented in several texts from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.  According to the version of his Vita printed in _Scriptores rerum Suecicarum_, II, 1, pp. 377-832, Botvid was a well-off resident of Södermanland who while on a trading trip to England was there converted to Christianity.  Back in Sweden, he drew many to the Christian faith though exhortation and example.  Divinely granted miracles confirmed his message.  One spring day, when the fish were spawning, he went to fish at a place whose owner demanded a fourth part of all the fish taken.  Thinking this excessive but not wishing to get into an argument, Botvid and his servants withdrew to an island of his own in the same lake where, the fish having followed Botvid and Botvid having prayed to God, they took so many that Botvid was able to share these in abundance with those who, having fished unsuccessfully at the other location, had now come to join him. When the aforementioned greedy owner arrived, Botvid allowed him to fish without charge.  Initially unsuccessful, he accepted Christianity and his two boats were filled.
> 
> Still according to the Vita, Botvid was murdered on the island of Rogö (in lake Mälaren) by a Wendic slave whom he had baptized and whom he was planning to return to his (the slave's) homeland; a spring burst forth at the place where he was slain.  A search by members of Botvid's community led to the discovery of his incorrupt body, whiuch latter was then brought home and honorably buried.  The miracles reported at Botvid's grave over the next nine years led to the conversion of the local pagan population to Christianity.  In 1129 a (wooden) burial church was dedicated to him on family land by bishops St. Henry of Uppsala and Gerder of Strängnäs.  Thus far the Vita.  In 1176 archbishop Stephen of Uppsala consecrated a stone church on the same site.  Botvid's cult spread rapidly to other parts of Sweden.
> 
> 28. July is Botvid's day of commemoration in the Roman Martyrology.
> 
> 
> Some period-pertinent images of St. Botvid:
> 
> a) as portrayed in a late medieval (1350-1500) wooden statue from Möja kyrka (urspr Värmdö kyrka) on Möja (Stockholms län), now in the Historiska museet in Stockholm:
> http://www.kringla.nu/kringla/objekt?referens=shm/object/94087 
> 
> b) as portrayed wooden statue from a late medieval altarpiece(1350-1500) in Orkesta kyrka in Orkesta, a locality of Vallentuna (Stockholms län), now in the Historiska museet in Stockholm:
> http://www.kringla.nu/kringla/objekt?text=botvid+tr%C3%A4skulptur&referens=shm/object/94087
> 
> c) as depicted in a mid-fifteenth-century fresco (unfortunately defaced) in Överselö kyrka in Strängnäs kommun (Södermanlands län):
> http://tinyurl.com/nlfpls
> 
> d)as depicted in a later (last quarter) fifteenth-century vault painting in Börje kyrka, Börje Tiby (Uppsala län):
> http://tinyurl.com/2dtb9ku
> 
> e) as portrayed (at left; St. Eskil at right)  in the very early sixteenth-century altarpiece of Netherlandic origin in Ytterselö kyrka in Strängnäs kommun (Södermanlands län):
> http://tinyurl.com/mcmt2e
> Detail (Botvid):
> http://tinyurl.com/lb2cad
> 
> Best,
> John Dillon
> **********************************************************************
> To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
> to: [log in to unmask]
> To send a message to the list, address it to:
> [log in to unmask]
> To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
> to: [log in to unmask]
> In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
> [log in to unmask]
> For further information, visit our web site:
> http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion