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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

The (pseudo-)Hieronymian Martyrology enters under 13. July a Serapion who died in Alexandria. Byzantine synaxaries celebrate under this day a Serapion who is not identified geographically but whose notice, seemingly based on a now lost Passio, has him martyred by fire under an emperor Severus after a trial before a governor named Aquilas. A prefect of Egypt of that name is recorded for the tenth year of the emperor Septimius Severus (193-211), under whom persecutions of Christians are known to have taken place (as opposed, say, to the reign of Severus Alexander, whose persecuting is attested only in Passiones of legendary character).  Some modern Byzantine-rite churches celebrate this Serapion on 12. July; others celebrate him today (13. July).  13. July is also his day of commemoration in the Roman Martyrology.  

The Serapion of 13. July as depicted (lower register at far right) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in a July calendar composition in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1313 and 1318; conservation work in 1968) in the church of St. George in Staro Nagoričane in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
http://tinyurl.com/hs58fpy

Best,
John Dillon
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