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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

The author of the first of the historical martyrologies and of the _Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum_, Bede is well known to the learned on this list.  Shortly after his death in 735 or 736 at Jarrow in today's Tyne and Wear he was regarded as a saint; Alcuin attributes a miraculous cure to his relics.  Dante locates him in Paradise next to St. Isidore of Seville.  Bede was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1899.  Today is his feast day both in the Church of England and in the general Roman Calendar.

In the tradition of Durham bones from Bede's grave at Jarrow were removed in the mid-eleventh century and were placed next to St. Cuthbert in the latter's shrine in the cathedral.  In 1370 relics believed to be Bede's were translated to a fine new tomb in the cathedral's Galilee Chapel.  That tomb was destroyed during the Reformation.  Herewith some views of its earlier nineteenth-century replacement (1831) in the same chapel:
http://tinyurl.com/j8c2u3p
http://tinyurl.com/h387olj
https://sedangli.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/img_3787.jpg
Casts of the skull were made when the aforementioned relics were re-entombed in 1831.  One turned up in Cambridge last year:
http://tinyurl.com/pfk4enc


Some period-pertinent images of St. Bede the Venerable:

a) as depicted in a twelfth-century copy of his _Opuscula_ (Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 0691, fol. 115v):
http://initiale.irht.cnrs.fr/decors/decors.php?imageInd=1&id=84470

b) as depicted in an earlier thirteenth-century copy of his _De locis sanctis_ (ca. 1220; Reims, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 36, fol. 221r):
http://initiale.irht.cnrs.fr/decors/decors.php?imageInd=1&id=4077

c) as depicted at his Homily on the Vigil of Easter in an earlier fourteenth-century homiliary from northern Germany (Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, Walters Ms. W.148, fol. 3v):
http://www.thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/W148/data/W.148/sap/W148_000010_sap.jpg

d) as depicted (right margin, third from top; the others, starting from the top, are Sts. John Chrysostom, Augustine of Hippo, and Bernard of Clairvaux) in a mid-fourteenth-century copy of the Klosterneuburger Evangelienwerk (1340; Schaffhausen, Stadtbibliothek, Cod. Gen. 8, fol. 241r):
http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/sbs/0008/241r

e) as depicted in a later fourteenth-century book of prayers of southern French origin (ca. 1378-1383; Avignon, Bibliothèque-Médiathèque Municipale Ceccano, ms. 6733, fol. 56r):
http://initiale.irht.cnrs.fr/decors/decors.php?imageInd=1&id=7627

f) as depicted (right margin at center) in a pen-and-ink drawing in a later fourteenth- or earlier fifteenth-century abridgement of Godfrey of Viterbo's _Pantheon_ (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 4935, fol. 50v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8455934w/f110.item.r=.zoom

g) as depicted (right margin, lower image) in a woodcut in the Beloit College copy of Hartmann Schedel's late fifteenth-century _Weltchronik_ (_Nuremberg Chronicle_; 1493) at fol. CLVIIIv:
https://www.beloit.edu/nuremberg/book/6th_age/left_page/61%20%28Folio%20CLVIIIv%29.pdf

Best,
John Dillon
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