medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Florian (d. 304, supposedly) is widely venerated in Austria and Bavaria.  He has a late eighth- or early ninth-century prose Passio that exists in both a longer and a shorter version (BHL 3058, 3054).  These make him a Roman soldier (later, officer) martyred for his faith by being drowned in the Enns at Lauriacum in Noricum Ripense, today's Lorch in the city of Enns in Oberösterreich.  The very baroque abbey of Sankt Florian (Augustinian canons) at today's Markt St. Florian (also in Oberösterreich) is the descendant of a monastery, said to be first recorded from the eighth century, that arose at the reputed site of Florian's grave.  It has been a pilgrimage site ever since.  Though it lacks Florian's relics, it does possess a millstone with which the saint may have been weighted down when he was thrown into the river:
The chief bodily relics at Sankt Florian are those of the composer Anton Bruckner, entombed in the crypt:

Links to English-language translations of BHL 3054 and 3058 as well as other matter on Florian will be found at this page of David Woods' "Military Martyrs" site:

Some period-pertinent images of St. Florian, most showing him in his role -- a late medieval development from the watery manner of his martyrdom -- as a member of the celestial fire brigade:

a) as portrayed (detail view) in a fourteenth-century wooden statue in the abbey of St. Florian in Markt St. Florian:

b) as depicted in the mid-fifteenth-century Prayer Book for Barbara von Cilly (1448; Vienna, ÖNB, cod. 1767, fol. 134r):

c) as portrayed in a mid-fifteenth-century gradual from the abbey of Sankt Florian (ca. 1450; Vienna, ÖNB, Musiksammlung, Mus. Hs. 15947):

d) as portrayed in a later fifteenth-century wooden statue (betw. 1451 and 1500) from Austria in the Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA:

e) as portrayed in a fifteenth-century wooden statue (betw. 1476 and 1500) in the Musée national du Moyen Âge (a.k.a. Musée de Cluny) in Paris:

f) as portrayed by Michael Pacher in a statue on his later fifteenth-century St. Wolfgang Altarpiece (center completed, 1479; wings completed, 1481) in the Wallfahrtskirche St. Wolfgang in Wolfgangsee (Land Salzburg):

g) as depicted (at left; at center, St. John the Apostle; at right, St. Sebastian) by Hans Strigel in a later fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1480) in the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest:  

h) as depicted (at right) in a late fifteenth-century panel painting (1487) in the altarpiece of the provost Leonhard in the abbey of St. Florian:

i) as portrayed in relief (at right) on an open wing of an early sixteenth-century altarpiece of Sts. Roch, Maurice, and Nicholas in the cathédrale Notre-Dame in Strasbourg:
Detail views (Florian):

j) as depicted (scenes) by Albrecht Altdorfer in panels from a dismembered early sixteenth-century altarpiece (ca. 1516-1520) preserved in several museums:
1) his departure from the monastery at St. Pölten (Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi):
2) his arrest at Lorch (Nürnberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum):
3) he is brought before the magistrate (Nürnberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum):
4) he undergoes a severe beating (Prague, National Gallery):
5) his execution (Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi):
6) the recovery of his body (Nürnberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum):

k) as portrayed in an early sixteenth-century wooden statue (ca. 1520) of Styrian or southern Bavarian origin in the National Gallery of Slovenia, Ljubljana 

John Dillon
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