Print

Print


medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

St. Cecilia is one of the very few saints (aside from the Virgin and the native saints)
for whom miracles are recorded in Iceland.
Meg

________________________________________
From: medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture [[log in to unmask]] on behalf of John Dillon [[log in to unmask]]
Sent: Monday, November 23, 2015 12:54 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: [M-R] FEAST - A Saint for the Day  (Nov. 22): St. Cecilia of Rome

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture



Cecilia of Rome is a poorly documented but much celebrated martyr of the Via Appia, absent from the _Depositio martyrum_ of the Chronographer of 354 but attested liturgically from the sixth century onward, when her legend was already in existence in some form.  This makes her a virgin betrothed to a pagan husband, Valerian, who preserved her virginity and who, after his conversion to Christianity, actively proselytized along with her and became her companion in martyrdom.  The story, a typical late antique confection uniting several catacomb worthies in a single narrative, is transmitted by a Passio (BHL 1495) whose earliest witness is thought to be of the eighth or ninth century.  Re-told by not a few others, it includes among its _personae_ pope St. Urban I and the Roman martyrs Tiburtius and Maximus.



A resting place in a part of the cemetery of Callistus first used towards the end of the second century and rediscovered by de Rossi in the nineteenth was believed in the early Middle Ages to have been Cecilia's.  Paschal I (817-24) translated remains said to be Cecilia's from what the _Liber Pontificalis_ identifies as a different cemetery on the Via Appia (that of Praetextatus) to Rome's titular church of Cecilia, documented from 499 onward, which latter he also rebuilt.  We know it now as Santa Cecilia in Trastevere.  In all likelihood, the historical Cecilia was a former owner of the property where this church was located and was thus the latter's eponym but not its dedicatee; over time, as happened with the eponyms of other of Rome's titular churches, she will have come to be thought of as a saint.



By way of supplement to Gordon Plumb's links, posted earlier today (Nov. 22) to images in glass, herewith links to some other period-pertinent images of St. Cecilia of Rome (the suffix distinguishes her from St. Cecilia of Remiremont):



a) as depicted in the earlier to mid-sixth-century mosaics of the presbytery arch (carefully restored, 1890-1900) in the Basilica Eufrasiana at Poreč:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__nickerson.icomos.org_porec_u_ue.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=DdhaCJjldUZfdS0SlYX9y3-3O6yBavl6h63Hb8sbTR4&e=



b) as depicted (third from left) in the heavily restored later sixth-century mosaic of the procession of virgin martyrs (ca. 560) in the nave of Ravenna's basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_p73m9g7&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=bLekKZltSeIsm2tBk5nxf3_4OZtT2OaE-7-onVu6oQc&e=

another view: second from right in a smaller image with better color (courtesy of Genevra Kornbluth):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.kornbluthphoto.com_images_ApNNorth19.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=FsMA2nRw9BqE92E_Ru1X3L3MOr8q_J-Y92SMGZVDTnE&e=



c) as depicted (second from left, after Paschal I) in the early ninth-century apse mosaic of Rome's basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.flickr.com_photos_prof-5Frichard_8003077841&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=UlL3tHBR8S_0-AyFV0iba6tfx9KWSrt_VWCzpUoJBHI&e=

The correspondingly placed figure in the group at Christ's left is St. Valerian.



d) as depicted in a later eleventh-century fresco (betw. 1058 and 1088) in Deir Mar Musa al-Habashi (Monastery of St. Moses the Ethiopian) near Al-Nabk (Nebek; Rif-Dimashq governorate) in Syria:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.rom.on.ca_sites_default_files_imce_dscf0254.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=nAC7QklBRgP1tg1r8og4fDFmbd4Ydych8PTjEUOHSQU&e=



e) as portrayed (lower register at center) in the later twelfth-century tympanum relief (ca. 1160-1170) from the north door of Köln's St. Cäcilienkirche now on display inside in the Museum Schnütgen:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_pjkh72v&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=FP0vymJK6o37nE7RVYKagjoUEQYNMMmHuWFfbTcuFoA&e=

Detail view (Cecilia):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_p7jh73b&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=q2Rl87Fdnkqq6Y4B5acg50rPhux6SyRYfPCzR4gBFeA&e=



f) as depicted in a later twelfth- or early thirteenth-century monastic Office lectionary probably from southwestern Germany (Sarnen, Benediktinerkollegium, Cod. membr. 6, fol. 256r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.e-2Dcodices.unifr.ch_en_bks_membr0006_256r&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=hYKqDjK7q4uTfaq6s0EOKKUC6IxEnef4ruRRACEm2VI&e=



g) as depicted in a panel of a mid-thirteenth-century glass window (ca. 1245-1250; w. 202) in Strasbourg's cathédrale Notre-Dame:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.therosewindow.com_pilot_Strasbourg_w202-2DA1.htm&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=z3qhYbU8d94EDKPUHGPg19Gt5ufIwE5yAz4eVNPCLvY&e=



h) as depicted in a later thirteenth-century Cistercian psalter (ca. 1260; Besançon, Bibliothèques municipales, ms. 54, fol. 12r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_255mxrx&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=KFNPpRibb_ynYLp2WgXKmAdoFk8dtrxiTebE6IXXvr0&e=



i) as depicted (martyrdom) in a late thirteenth-century copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA, Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol. 161r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu_ds_huntington_images__000915A.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=9Yc4kjO_GnlrWLYTRNsVDJwShnoy1wYp051PZx5fnOQ&e=



j) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Valerian; receiving celestial crowns) in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 98r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_a45quvj&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=dxF6uN5GA2OjhilS6vzZ-QXtDZ7XVTB1nU0h_KtOMsw&e=



k) as depicted (upper register at center; at her wedding feast) in the late thirteenth-century Beaupré Antiphoner from a house of Cistercian nuns in the diocese of Cambrai (ca. 1290; Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, ms. W 760, fol. 173r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__thedigitalwalters.org_Data_WaltersManuscripts_W760_data_W.760_sap_W760-5F000363-5Fsap.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=xH3RkSNdgkHndDeyF10xMGDvhCKovK5uzqGBr2_aYuQ&e=

larger image (grayscale):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.reocities.com_irinagr-5F2000_pipe-5Forgan_Wedd.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=9gC5vfDbQvtMa1vDuwCwmcSJ0rpYIaNtOxaiGfLcWGA&e=



l) as portrayed by Arnolfo di Cambio on his late thirteenth-century ciborium (1293) in Rome's basilica di Santa Cecilia in Trastevere:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__farm1.static.flickr.com_199_490245763-5Fb2b5336815-5Fo.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=34EmtVg8Do1gRuNvOtmxT7pgw60O1ud-O6lHUBXq6DU&e=



m) as depicted (portrait and scenes) by the Master of St. Cecilia on an early fourteenth-century wooden altar frontal (ca. 1304) in Florence's Galleria degli Uffizi:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.wga.hu_art_m_master_cecilia_cecilia.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=cYqFjfAKJq-dBY0Jlp4ad_zfhVoZNKX4HjowN4FGVm0&e=



n) as depicted, at the beginning of a set of prayers for her feast, in the earlier fourteenth-century Stowe Breviary (ca. 1322-1325; London, BL, MS Stowe 12, fol. 332r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.bl.uk_catalogues_illuminatedmanuscripts_ILLUMIN.ASP-3FSize-3Dmid-26IllID-3D15835&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=xgy1bCuxQiJ93SjI89Ojk0xd1grUra8GaLPXYKXNWIs&e=



o) as depicted (martyrdom) in an earlier fourteenth-century French-language legendary of Parisian origin with illuminations attributed to the Fauvel Master (ca. 1327; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 183, fol. 96v):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_2ahqh7e&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=XEbQeJfZ1YTJcZDeTyPJzpKUhLgiMDqq144oNGH_yaE&e=



p) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Valerian) in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fol. 309r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_2ckfcs4&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=4i3IKvFblGMG9LzPRrHmrMoJ9lSkU012Qbj0Gf2TE8U&e=



q) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Valerian; receiving martyrs' crowns) in a late fourteenth-century missal for the Use of Saint-Didier at Avignon (Avignon, Bibliothèque-Médiathèque Municipale Ceccano, ms. 138, fol. 278r):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_27frmd7&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=fcUzZR1EWp2buW6MaRoXEEjIJ2KK85k8qU4DX7DDObA&e=



r) as depicted (lower register, second from left) in an early fifteenth-century panel painting of Rhineland origin (ca. 1410; "The Garden of Eden") in the Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.wga.hu_art_m_master_zunk-5Fge_zunk-5Fge3_garden-5Fe.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=rBS3gRfj5b-aprm7KQC_h4SW5XhIEWUpTcQ9iHMRMDE&e=



s) as depicted in the earlier fifteenth-century Hours of Catherine of Cleves (ca. 1440; New York, The Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum, Morgan MS M.917, p. 308):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.themorgan.org_collection_hours-2Dof-2Dcatherine-2Dof-2Dcleves_123-23&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=b16Mx83xbLaWhbPx-jQpOykZeegTedrVRxEqoN17BrM&e=



t) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Valerian; receiving martyrs' crowns) in a later fifteenth-century copy from Bruges of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay followed by the _Festes nouvelles_ attributed to Jean Golein (ca. 1460-1470; Mâcon, Médiathèque municipale, ms. 3, fol. 149v):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.enluminures.culture.fr_Wave_savimage_enlumine_irht6_IRHT-5F095354-2Dp.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=gmJV1062vg8UdNWDWyphUFQb5FqxJx4-1BLXI8rvLWM&e=



u) as depicted (lower register, second from left, after St. Valerian; receiving martyrs' crowns) in a later fifteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1480-1490; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 245, fol. 179v):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_2drxlm8&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=fHTd8ysUpBGs2PeZRZoJ3Zq4JfYAjHhW3P1-HOp3SlI&e=



v) as depicted (right margin at bottom) in a hand-colored woodcut in the Beloit College copy of Hartmann Schedel's late fifteenth-century _Weltchronik_ (_Nuremberg Chronicle_; 1493) at fol. CXVIv:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.beloit.edu_nuremberg_book_6th-5Fage_left-5Fpage_20-2520-2528Folio-2520CXVIv-2529.pdf&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=metRQ-udLvgJX5LZDs-S6XU22mudpG2yoZqvHs-VHX8&e=



w) as depicted in the late fifteenth-century Isabella Breviary (ca. 1497; London, BL, Add. Ms. 18851, fol. 491v):

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.bl.uk_manuscripts_Viewer.aspx-3Fref-3Dadd-5Fms-5F18851-5Ff491v&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=iTOO6rjtFju0Xi_r3aV0wHCoQPWhbYCDyUFCH1ulJbk&e=



x) as depicted (at right) on the early sixteenth-century St. Bartholomew Altarpiece (ca. 1503) in the Alte Pinakothek in München:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__tinyurl.com_274g7y&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=7XdHh9rPErbfDnuPG-htMJcm_wHrCkD9gvk6z1kD7gw&e=



y) as depicted (at center; below her, St. Valerian; martyrdom) by Amico Aspertini in an early sixteenth-century fresco (ca. 1504-1506) in the Oratory of St. Cecilia in Bologna's chiesa di San Giacomo Maggiore:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.wga.hu_art_a_aspertin_scene05.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=notYARhtttPi4hsku1kRX44TLc9q0LHvMiEpJ0C_Tk8&e=



z) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Valerian) by Cornelis Engebrechtsz. in an early sixteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1518-1520) in the Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.wga.hu_art_e_engelbre_cecilia.jpg&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=mT808fb00bCl4t0T50TJ_99PfAo42rDkWQp88adpN5I&e=



Best,

John Dillon



**********************************************************************

To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME

to: [log in to unmask]

To send a message to the list, address it to:

[log in to unmask]

To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion

to: [log in to unmask]

In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:

[log in to unmask]

For further information, visit our web site:

https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.jiscmail.ac.uk_medieval-2Dreligion&d=CwIGaQ&c=7MSSWy9Bs2yocjNQzurxOQ&r=ck9DGMUVufrSrS57t_UT9k6In-tVqXkuW6oaFL10XQY&m=LmDSDIXv5Ta1UufmQoswElkNuUEImo9SlhSZcavoZ5I&s=JADkQyB2pk7jmCj2wfX9UdkNt5o6H1b0LYe631OYpm8&e=

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion