Dear Charles,

Abductive thinking is well documented as part of the repertoire of design
thinking. However, when you write "systematic design or research methods"
do you mean to say that there is little discussion focusing on abductive
reasoning as a conscious and deliberate research/design method?

If so, I do not believe there has been much documented evidence that
displays abduction as a deliberate design method that is consciously
applied during design activity. Most references discuss abduction as an
emergent and descriptive quality behind design thinking, and often from the
viewpoint of the observer than 'reflective practitioner'. I have not read
an article that provides evidence of an individual designer explicitly
stating their use of abductive thinking when designing. However, there are
many examples of designers utilising abductive reasoning through
expressions such as "i guess that../ i feel that this is../ my assumption
is..". For me, the question is whether consciously articulating abductive
reasoning is going to improve the process of designing for complex problems
or not.

In your paper you apply the seven modes of thought to the design thinking
process. I believe that this is a good framework to allow people to
understand the intent and usefulness behind each phase of the design
process. But due to the iterative and sometimes messy format of design
thinking, a strict application of this framework may result in linear

This is a useful tool to provide common ground/reference for design
practitioners and researchers to discuss and explain the nature of design
thinking. However, I feel that i may not have interpreted your viewpoint on
correlation correctly so clarification would be greatly appreciated.

Until then, the following papers provide a comprehensive discussion on
abductive thinking in design practice:

Kolko, J. (2010). Abductive thinking and sensemaking: the drivers of design
synthesis. *Design Issues*, *26*(1), 15-28.
Dorst, K. (2010). The nature of design thinking. *Proceedings of the design
thinking research symposium 8*, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW
Dorst, K. (2011). The core of 'design thinking' and its application. *Design
Studies*, 32(6), 521-532
Goel, V. (1988). Complicating the 'logic of design'. *Design Studies*,
9(4), 229-234.
Vergant, R & Oberg, A. (2013). Interpreting and envisioning - A hermeneutic
framework to look at radical innovation of meanings. *Industrial Marketing
Management*, 42(1), 86-95.
Vianna, M., Vianna, Y., Adler, I. Lucena, B. & Russo, B. (2013). Design
thinking. MJV Press, Brazil.

*Stefanie Di Russo*

PhD Student
Faculty of Design
Swinburne University
*linkedin: public *profile

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