medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

OK. I could use some help from the medievalists and byzantinists -- or 
whomever. I'm trying to explore pre-reformation interpretations of the 
"mark of the beast" (the number 666, or the variant 616), from 
Revelation 13. In his classic study of "Antichrist" traditions, Bousset 
is content to accept the old historical identification of Nero, but many 
other identifications have been offered over the centuries (before much 
Protestant polemics pointed to the Papacy in various forms). There is 
some help from online searches (e.g. Wiki articles), especially on the 
early period and the spate of anti-Muslim applications, but I haven't 
yet found much on medieval (broadly speaking) commentators, especially 
those writing in Latin and Greek and Syriac. The works that I have seen 
on commentaries (e.g. Francis X. Gumerlock, Patristic Commentaries on 
Revelation [online] "third through eighth centuries") tend not to 
address the "666/616" problem directly. I haven't yet checked the 

E. Ann Matter, “The Apocalypse in Early Medieval Exegesis,” and John 
Williams, “The Apocalypse Commentary of Beatus of Liébana,” in Emmerson 
and McGinn, eds., The Apocalypse in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, NY: Cornell 
University Press, 1993), 38-50, 217-33; Emmerson, Antichrist in the 
Middle Ages (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981); Bernard 
McGinn, Visions of the End: Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages, 
2nd ed. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).

Am I missing anything obvious in the secondary literature? I do have a 
list of "patristic" texts and authors to check (e.g. I'm told that 
Hippolytus, Pseudo-Ephraem, Pseudo-Epiphanius, Isidore of Seville (d. 
635), and Bede all interpreted Revelation 11-13 in their writings about 
Antichrist, and that In the second half of the sixth century or in the 
seventh century, an anonymous author wrote De monogramma [Roger Gryson, 
ed. CCSL 107:146-57], an explanation of the number of the beast in 
Revelation 13:18), but more such references would be welcome. I'll be 
happy to share the results with anyone interested.


Bob Kraft, Emeritus UPenn

On 10/29/2014 8:16 PM, George Ferzoco wrote:
> I used to say it regularly to the list, but perhaps I should do so again: if any of you is facing any difficulties with research, ask the rest of us; given our numbers and our expertise, I think it's likely that help is not far away.
> Thanks again, Al -- best wishes, George

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