bit international . update
Exhibition in Neue Galerie [Graz, Austria] is extended to 26th August 2007.
96-pages German language exhibition catalogue is published by Neue Galerie in German. Price: 7 Euros, available via Neue Galerie.
Extensive English language anthology will be published by MIT Press in 2008 accompanying follow up exhibition in ZKM, Karlsruhe .
Here enclosed improved list of 106 participating artist and artists groups.
Apart of the exhibited works and audio-visual documentation of working process and computer programs, the exhibition presents for a first time more than 30 hours of digitally restored audio archives of four symposia that were held 1968 - 1973 in Zagreb.
bit international . [Nove] Tendencije – Computer and Visual Research [Zagreb 1961 - 1973]
Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum . Graz . Austria
28 April – 26 August 2007
opening: Friday 27th April 19 h
Curator: Darko Fritz (Zagreb / Amsterdam)
Artists / artists groups:
+ Marc Adrian + Jose Luis Alexanco + Kurd Alsleben / Cord Passow + Getulio Alviani + Anonymous Collective + Vojin Bakic + John Baldessari + Mario Ballocco + Manuel Barbadillo + Otto Beckmann / Alfred Grassl [Ars intermedia]: + Alberto Biasi [Gruppo N]: + Vladimir Bonačić + Hartmut Böhm + Frank Böttger + California Computer Products, Inc. [CALCOMP]: + Gianni Colombo + Compos 68 + Computer Centre ‘Boris Kidrič’ Institute + Charles Csuri + Waldemar Cordeiro / Jorge Moscati + Ivan Čizmek + Dadamaino + Hugo Rodolfo Demarco + Gabriele De Vecchi [Gruppo T] + Milan Dobeš + herman de vries + Milan Dobeš + Piero Dorazio + Michel Fadat + Willam Allan Fetter + Alan Mark France + Herbert W. Franke + Horacio Garcia-Rossi [GRAV] + Karl Gerstner + Gruppo MID + Leon D. Harmon + Grace C. Hertlein + Miljenko Horvat + Hervé Huitric / Monique Nahas [g.a.i.v] + Gottfried Jäger + Sture Johannesson / Sten Kallin + Hiroshi Kawano + On Kawara + Julije Knifer + Kenneth C. Knowlton + Hans Köhler + Vladimir Kristl + Edoardo Landi [Gruppo N]: + Auro Lecci + Julio Le Parc [GRAV] + Wolfgang Ludwig + Heinz Mack [Zero] + Frank Joseph Malina + Robert Mallary + Enzo Mari + Jean-Claude Marquette [g.a.i.v] + Almir Mavignier + Leslie Mezei + Tomislav Mikulić + Petar Milojević + Gustav Metzger + Manfred Mohr + François Morellet [GRAV] + Jane Moon [California Computer Products, Inc.]: + Frieder Nake + Maurizio Nanucci + Georg Nees + A. Michael Noll + Koloman Novak + Lev Voldemarovič Nusberg [Diviženije] + Sergej Pavlin + Ivan Picelj + Otto Piene [Zero] + Marko Pogačnik [OHO] + Manuel Quejido + Zoran Radović + Ludwig Rase + Vjenceslav Richter + Sylvia Roubaud / Gerold Weiss + Manfred Robert Schroeder + Lillian Schwartz + Dieter Schwille [mbb Computer Graphics] + Ana Seguí / Javier Seguí + Soledad Sevilla + Jesus Raphael Soto + Aleksandar Srnec + Joël Stein [GRAV] + Kerry Strand [California Computer products inc.] + Alan Sutcliffe + Zdenek Sýkora + Nikola Šerman + Paul Talman + Goran Trbuljak + Stan VanDerBeek + Gregorio Vardanega + Evan Harris Walker + Aron Warszawski [mbb copmuter graphics] + Sol Le Witt + John Witney + Rolf Wölk [mbb copmuter graphics] + José María Yturralde + Yvaral [GRAV] + Edward Zajec + Vilko Ziljak + Anton Zöttl +
audio archive of symposia presentations and debates (1968, 1969, 1971, 1973):
+ Marc Adrian + Kurd Alsleben + ARC - Art Research Center + Badi Banga ne-Mwine + Dimitrije Bašičević + László Beke + Renzo Beltrame + René Berger + Božo Bek + Jonathan Benthall + Alberto Biasi + Vladimir Bonačić + Florentino Briones + Silvio Ceccato + Waldemar Cordeiro + Nena Dimitrijević + Fanie Dupré + Jacques Dupré + Umberto Eco + Herbert W. Franke + Grga Gamulin + Karl Gerstner + Alfred Grassl + Jean-Claude Halgand + Josef Hlaváček + Vera Horvat-Pintarić + Hervé Huitric + Hiroshi Kawano + Boris Kelemen + Martin Krampen + Fedor Kritovac + Želimir Koščević + Jean-Claude Marquette + Abraham A. Moles + Francois Molnar + Leonardo Mosso + Frieder Nake + Branimir Makanec + Matko Meštrović + Vladimir Muljević + Lev Nusberg + Radoslav Putar + Vjenceslav Richter + Ronald B. de Sousa + Josef Hermann Stiegler + Srboljub Stojanovič + Srečo Dragan + Irina Subotić + Zdenko Šternberg + Božo Težak + Jiri Valoch + Edward Zajec +
The ‚Neue Galerie Graz am Landesmuseum Joanneum’ examines one of the most important international trends of the 1960s in the exhibition “bit international. [Nove] tendencije - Computers and Visual research”, which was of enormous influence at the time, but which has now slipped out of public consciousness and has virtually been lost to the history of the development of art. While numerous exhibitions have been held with the titles “New Tendencies” or “Nouvelle Tendance” in Venice and Paris, the place of origin Zagreb has vanished from the focus of attention. A biennial event developed in Zagreb starting with concrete and constructive art in 1961 maintained its avant-garde title by introducing the computer as a medium of “artistic research” in 1968. Simultaneous with the legendary „Cybernetic Serendipity“ at the London ICA in 1968, which is regarded as the first major computer art exhibition, a colloquium also took place in Zagreb with an exhibition of computer generated art, tendencije 4.
The Gallery for Contemporary Art in Zagreb – today the Museum of Contemporary Art – dedicated a series of exhibitions, symposia and publications on the subject of the ‘Computers and Visual Research’. Original projects in both art and science were presented. During the heyday of the Cold War artists and scientists from the entire world travelled to Zagreb – from Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Russia and the USA. The multi-lingual magazine Bit International published by the Gallery in Zagreb was an initiation point for aesthetic and media theory reflection and there was nothing that could be compared with it anywhere else in the world. ‘Tendencije 4’ attempted to both accompany and mould the historic transition in which the computer as a symbol processing machine first entered consciousness as a machine for artistic creation. The arts of the electronic media were not regarded as an isolated phenomenon, but were included in the history and the discourse on the fine arts and the performing arts.
A first review of the ‘Tendencije’ exhibitions and the publications of „Bit International“ has now been assembled in cooperation with the Museum of Contemporary Art in Zagreb and with an international network of collectors and private archives in an exhibition curated by Darko Fritz.
The exhibition in the Neue Galerie Graz presents 106 artists and artists groups with more than 350 artworks - graphic work, films, sculptures, poems, theatrical texts and artistic concepts, alongside computer programs and other working process documents. The exhibition presents for the first time more than 30 hours of digitally restored audio recordings of four symposia that were held 1968 - 1973 in Zagreb.
An exhibition catalogue of 96 pages is published by the Neue Galerie in German. An extensive english language anthology will be published by MIT Press in 2008, accompanying the follow up exhibition at ZKM, Karlsruhe .
Paul Brown - based in the UK March-July 2007
UK Mobile +44 (0)794 104 8228 == USA fax +1 309 216 9900
Visiting Professor - Sussex University