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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (29. March) is the feast day of:

1)  Eustasius of Naples (d. 3d cent.; also Eustathius, Eustachius).  According to the late eighth- or early ninth-century first portion of the __Chronicon episcoporum sanctae Neapolitanae ecclesiae_, today's less well known saint of the Regno was Naples' seventh bishop.  His elogium, which has suffered textual damage, focuses on his cult.  Referring to the devotion of the populace, it informs us that E. had been translated from his original place of burial to the main altar of a church of the BVM.  In the twelfth century that church's successor was in the city's Portanova district and in 1616 E.'s relics, identified by the inscription on their container, were rediscovered there.  Three years later E.'s cult, previously restricted to this church, was extended to the entire diocese.  Possibly it was then that E.'s relics were moved to the cathedral, where they underwent a solemn recognition in 1884.

E.'s feast day in Naples is 10. May, the date of his commemoration in that city's early ninth-century Marble Calendar.  Slightly later in the same century, Ado of Vienne entered into his Martyrology under this date a different Eustasius (he of Luxeuil).  Usuard followed suit in the first version of _his_ Martyrology but in the second moved that E. to his _dies natalis_ on 2. April.  Through 1956, though, the RM followed Ado and the earlier Usuard in commemorating E. of Luxeuil today.  In its revision of 2001 he was replaced under this date by E. of Naples.

2)  Armogast, Archinimus, and Satyrus (d. after 460).  A., A., and S. are Catholic martyrs in Vandal in Vandal Africa under king Geiseric.  We know about them from Victor of Vita's _Historia persecutionis Africanae provinciae_, 1. 43-50.  Armogast and Satyrus were royal officials, A. in the household of Geiseric and S. in that of the king's oldest son, Huneric.  The third martyr's name, according to Victor, was Mascula; he was head of a troupe of mimes and  it is his occupation, _archimimus_, which underlies the name used in martyrologies from Florus through, rather disappointingly, today's RM.  Florus of Lyon entered these saints under 4. December; Ado moved them to today's date. 

3)  Ludolf of Ratzeburg (d. 1250).  L. was a Premonstratensian who in 1236 became bishop of Ratzeburg (today the county town of Kreis Herzogtum Lauenburg in southeastern Schleswig-Holstein).  His opposition to claims on diocesan property by the duke of Lauenburg proved inconvenient to the duke, who had him imprisoned for a lengthy period, and probably lethal for L., who is said to have been mistreated and who died at Wismar shortly after his release.  The Premonstratensian abbey of St. Johann at Hamborn (today's Duisburg-Hamborn in Nordrhein-Westfalen) is said to have a relic of him (did this stay in the abbey church between the abbey's dissolution in 1806 and its reoccupation by the Premonstratensians in 1959/60?).

Here's an illustrated, German-language page on the ex-cathedral of Ratzeburg (the Ratzeburger Dom, completed 1220; chapter house and cloister added in the later thirteenth century):
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratzeburger_Dom
Other views:
http://www.ratzeburgerdom.de/
http://www.boldts.net/album/D-ch-Ratzeburg.shtml
http://www.deutz.de/www/kultur/chor/d1997-ra.htm
http://tinyurl.com/2fv488
http://www.ipn.uni-kiel.de/aktuell/ipnblatt/ip404/ip404b13.gif

The abbey church at Hamborn was rebuilt in the seventeenth century.  The adjoining cloister of 1170 retains some of its medieval appearance:
http://tinyurl.com/25akn8
http://tinyurl.com/yw4czy

Best,
John Dillon

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