medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (13. April) is the feast day of:

Hermenegild (d. 585)  Hermenegild was a son of the Visigothic king 
Leovigild of Spain.  H. converted from orthodox Christianity to 
Arianism.  He also rebelled against his dad in 582.  The two were 
reconciled, but H. was later imprisoned and killed on Leovigild's 
orders.  It is not clear whether he was executed for refusing to give 
up orthodoxy or for rebellion, so his status as martyr is a matter of 

Martin I (d. 655)  The Umbrian Martin worked for a time in the 
imperial service in Constantinople before coming back to Italy to be 
elected pope in 649---upon which he had himself consecrated without 
imperial approval.  Emperor Constans refused to acknowledge M. as 
pope.  Things heated up rapidly because M. convened a council to 
condemn Monothelitism--and also to condemn the imperial edict 
forbidding discussion of the matter.  Constans responded by sending a 
legate to arrest M.  The first failed, but a second arrest attempt in 
653 was successful.  M. was dragged off to Constantinople, imprisoned 
for a time, and then tried and condemned as a traitor.  He was 
publicly flogged, then exiled to the Crimea.  He died in September 
655 of starvation and ill-treatment.  He is the last of the popes to 
be venerated as a martyr.

Ida of Boulogne (blessed) (d. 1113)  Ida was a daughter of Duke 
Godfrey IV of Lorraine and his wife Doda.  She was married off to 
Eustace II of Boulogne, and her sons Godfrey and Baldwin became 
successive rulers of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.  After she was 
widowed, Ida used her wealth to help the poor and aid monasteries.

Caradoc (d. 1124)  The Welsh Caradoc served as harpist at the court 
of King Rhys ap Tewdwr of South Wales, but he gave it up to become a 
priest and a hermit.

Margaret of Metola (blessed)  (d. 1320)
Another Umbrian, Margaret was born blind.  When she was about six, 
her parents took her to a shrine in Citta-di-Castello in hope of a 
miracle, but when they didn't get one they abandoned her.  Some local 
women took the girl in and the local nuns gave her a permanent home. 
She was much more pious than they were, though, and annoyed them so 
much that she was finally kicked out.  Then at the age of 15 she 
joined the Dominican third order.  She lived a life of strenuous 
self-abuse and enjoyed a variety of mystical experiences before dying 
at about the age of 33.  M's cult was approved in 1609. 

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