The complete reference is:
Dall, W. H. (1877). "On succession in the shell-heaps of the Aleutians Islands." Pitt Rivers Museum Occasional Paper on Technology I: 41-91.

Christine Lefèvre

At 11:06 26/07/2005, [log in to unmask] wrote:
Hello Greg,
There was a remarkable study of sea urchins in about 1877 by Dall.
Unfortunately I do not have the reference, but it is quoted in Waselkov 1987.
The latter was published in "Advances in archaeological method and theory" vol.
I hope this helps.

Dr. Daniella Bar-Yosef
Zinman Institute of Archaeology
University of Haifa
Haifa 31905
[log in to unmask]
ˆø—p’† Greg Campbell <[log in to unmask]>:

> Dear Dr Wigen:  I personally am interested in any references with a method of
> recovery included elsewhere in the same report, from anywhere in the world.
> I have a vague memeory of fragmentary urchins from a Phoenecian colony in
> Spain (Cadiz, perhaps?) which I would like help in tracking down.  There are
> also some whispers of urchins in Jomon mounds, so help from researchers
> working in or around Japanese material would also be great.
> Species/wieghts reports are fine for now, and likely to be all there is in
> most cases.  Since urchin tests are not solid but made up of plates, they
> fragment into pieces typically less than 6mm (1/4 inch).  Since there has
> been little chance of identifying such fragments reliably, or using them to
> reconstruct urchin sizes, until now, weight and species data would be all
> that could be in the literature.  Species i.d. may be questionable, since it
> may be based on direct analogy with modern species in the vicinity, and it is
> often impossible to get to species within a genus; genera and species within
> genera have different sea temperature tolerances, so the ranges of species
> will not be the same through a given interglacial stage.  This is the case in
> the North Atlantic.
> I am especially interested in the Pacific northwest; there is a sequence of
> different dominant urchins as one proceeds southwards from Alaska to warmer
> waters, but these overlap in southern BC and Washington state and are mostly
> species in a single genus, Stronglyocentrotus.  My 'next big thing' is to
> refine my method to get to species within this genus, so fine-sieved material
> from along this coast (and help from a friendly local marine biologist) would
> be hugely helpful.
> The eminent professor of sea urchinology would probably prefer a more general
> summary text, and similar ethnography.  But for me, any info will be
> gratefully received.
>   ----- Original Message -----
>   From: Rebecca Wigen
>   To: Greg Campbell ; [log in to unmask]
>   Sent: Monday, July 25, 2005 4:27 PM
>   Subject: Re: [ZOOARCH] sea urchin references
>   Hi Greg
>       Are you interested in NW coast information?  There is ethnographic info
> as well as some archaeological information.  The archaeological information
> is pretty much just weight and species data.
>       Becky Wigen
>   Senior Lab Instructor,
>   Dept. of Anthropology,
>   University of Victoria
>   Victoria, BC Canada
>     ----- Original Message -----
>     From: Greg Campbell
>     To: [log in to unmask]
>     Sent: Monday, July 25, 2005 7:40 AM
>     Subject: [ZOOARCH] sea urchin references
>     Dear Zooarchers:  A couple of years ago I posted a request for some info
> on sea urchin remains in archaeology, having been landed with a sackful by an
> Oxford professor from his Breton site who expected me to know all about them
> because they were shells... Many of you were kind enough to offer suggestions
> and lines of inquiry.  The problem of minimum numbers of individuals, size
> range collected, species identification, and point on the shore exploited
> were all solved even though the tests were all very fragmentary.  Results
> coming out soon.  Must sieve to at least 2mm to get results that will allow
> size reconstruction and hence shore position!
>     Now one of the great men of sea urchin studies has asked for info about
> sea urchins used for food (tests and not just loose spines), and I would
> dearly appreciate any published references or forthcoming results for my own
> uses.  Prehistoric especially, but I seem to remember some remains from dark
> age Scottish Isles.
>     Many thanks.
>     Greg Campbell