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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

 From the Patrologia latina database, some comments on the Apostles Creed.

Vol. 21 5447Kb
     Main volume text 5240Kb
         RUFINUS AQUILEIENSIS PRESBYTER. 5147Kb
             Rufinus Aquileiensis: COMMENTARIUS IN SYMBOLUM
             APOSTOLORUM AUCTORE TYRANNIO RUFINO AQUILEIENSI
             PRESBYTERO. (C) 110Kb
                 ...[Note] IN  SYMBOLUM APOSTOLORUM AUCTORE TYRANNIO
                 [Note] ...
                 ...sicut homo. Sicut homo enim erat, qui [Al. add. 
etiam]  descenderat in
                 infernum: sed inter 92 mortuos liber erat, quia a...

Vol. 186
     Main volume text
         ANNO DOMINI MCLII JOSLENUS SUESSIONENSIS EPISCOPUS.
             Joslenus Suessionensis: JOSLENI EPISCOPI SUESSIONENSIS
             EXPOSITIO SYMBOLI ET ORATIONIS DOMINICAE. (MARTENE,
             Ampl. Collect., ex ms. Marchianensis monasterii.)
                 INCIPIT EXPOSITIO JOSLENI SUESSIONENSIS EPISCOPI IN
                 SYMBOLO.
                     Descendens Christus ad inferos sanctis paradisi januam 
aperuit.

Tom Izbicki

At 10:39 PM 2/11/2002 +0100, you wrote:
>medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
>
>Dear Marjorie,
>
>I take it that it is doctrinal views rather than literary or popular or 
>iconographic traditions  of the Harrowing of Hell what you or your friend 
>are interested in. In this case, I think that the following might be of 
>help (although I am not sure how far MacCulloch's study extends to the 
>middle ages, and to which extent Bell's dissertation includes doctrinal texts):
>
>MACCULLOCH John A.
>    The Harrowing of Hell: A Comparative Study of Early
>    Christian Doctrine, Edinburgh: Clark, 1930; Repr. New York
>    1983, xiii+352 pp.
>BELL A. Robert
>    The Harrowing of Hell: A Study of Its Reception and Artistic
>    Interpretation in Early Mediaeval European Literature. Diss.
>    University of Maryland, 1971 [Diss. Order N 72-600], 333 p.
>    [cf. Dissertation Abstracts International A 32,6, 1971,
>    3242-A]
>
>Also, you might try Turner's article and Smith's additions (the latter 
>adding especially references regarding the idea of an 'eucharistic 
>descensus' in Rupert of Deutz and others):
>
>TURNER Ralph V.
>    'Descendit ad inferos': Medieval Views on Christ's Descent
>    into Hell and the Salvation of the Ancient Just. In: Journal
>    of the History of Ideas 27 (1966), 173-194
>
>SMITH Constance I.
>    Descendit ad Inferos - Again. In: Journal of the History of
>    Ideas 28 (1967), 87-88
>
>If you read German, you could also try:
>
>KROLL J.
>    Gott und Ho"lle. Der Mythos vom Descensuskampfe. Leipzig /
>    Berlin 1932 (= Studien der Bibliothek Warburg, XX), repr.
>    Darmstadt 1963
>BIEDER Werner
>    Die Vorstellung von der Ho"llenfahrt Jesu Christi. Beitra"ge
>    zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Vorstellung vom sogenannten
>    Descensus ad inferos. Zu"rich: Zwingli-Velag, 1949
>    (= Abhandlungen zur Theologie des Alten und Neuen Testa-
>    ments, 19), 237 pp.
>MAAS Wilhelm
>    Gott und Hoelle. Studien zum Descensus Christi. Einsiedeln:
>    Johannes Verlag, 1979 (= Sammlung Horizonte, N.F. 14),
>    339 pp.
>
>Summarizing briefly what I believe to know about the medieval period (in 
>the West): the descensus was taken as a fact (part of the creed), it was 
>believed to have extended to the entire hell, not only the limbo, but the 
>souls saved in Christ's descent were only the just souls expecting him in 
>the limbo (i.e. in the Abraham's bosom as depicted in Lc 16,19ss.), and 
>did not include the lost souls eternally damned to the lower region of 
>Hell. Whereas there was no similarly uniform view regarding the question 
>whether only saints of the Old Testament or also just pagans (with a 
>'natural' insight) had been among the saved.
>
>Best wishes,
>
>    Otfried
>
>---------------------------------------------------------------
>Dr. Otfried Lieberknecht
>[log in to unmask]
>http://www.lieberknecht.de
>D-80337 Muenchen, Lindwurmstr. 127
>phone +49 (0)89 76775703, mobile +49 (0)1706771396
>---------------------------------------------------------------
>
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Thomas M. Izbicki
Collection Development Coordinator
Eisenhower Library
Johns Hopkins University
3400 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
Telephone:  410-516-7173
Fax:  410-516-8399

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