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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

----- Original Message ----- 
From: Marjorie Greene <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Thursday, November 15, 2001 6:17 AM
Subject: Re: [M-R] Sv: [M-R] saints of the day 11. November
> 
> Is Saint Martin in fact the patron of France? I
> thought it was Saint Denis.
> 
> MG

Dear Marjorie and List Members,

 I have found St. Martin called a patron saint of France in a number of sources. For example, 

the PATRON SAINTS INDEX http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/indexsnt.htm
"patronage: against impoverishment, against poverty, alcoholism, beggars, Burgenland, cavalry, equestrians, France, geese, horse men, horses, hotel-keepers, innkeepers, quartermasters, reformed alcoholics, riders, soldiers, tailors, vintners, wine growers, wine makers "

and the Index of Saints http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

"Saint Martin is venerated at Tours. He serves as patron of armorers, beggars, cavalry, coopers, domestic animals, France, geese, girdlers, glovers, horses and horsemen, infantrymen, millers, innkeepers, soldiers, tailors, wine growers and wine merchants (because his feast falls just after the vendange), and wool-weavers (because he divided his cloak) (Roeder). He is invoked against drunkenness, storms, and ulcers (Roeder). "

What I am unsure about is when he came to be considered a patron saint of France.

Any ideas?

Thanks,
Marina Vidas

> > > Martin of Tours (d. 397)  Martin has over the
> > centuries been one of the
> > > most-loved saints of western Christendom.  He was
> > born in Pannonia in
> > > 316/317 (modern Szombathely in Hungary), the son
> > of non-Christian parents.
> > > A typical military brat, he moved when his father
> > was restationed, and
> > > spent his childhood in Pavia.  There he learned
> > about Christianity, and
> > > decided to become a monk---a plan thwarted by his
> > dad, who made Martin
> > > become a soldier, stationed in Gaul.  After his
> > famous cloak episode,
> > > Martin was baptized, although he did not leave the
> > army for another twenty
> > > years (in 356).  Afterwards, Martin lived for
> > several years as a hermit,
> > > founding three monasteries in the process
> > (including Liguge, the first
> > > monastery in Gaul and perhaps the oldest monastery
> > in all Europe).  He
> > > became famous as a missionary, and in 371 became
> > bishop of Tours.  For the
> > > last 26 years of his life he spread monasticism,
> > evangelized, and won such
> > > regard that at his burial an enormous crowd
> > (including 2000 monks) came to
> > > pay their last respects.
> >
> >
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