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-----Original Message-----
From: Tom Izbicki <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask] <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Friday, December 29, 2000 9:50 AM
Subject: Re: Canonesses


>The practice of "commending" a monastery to an outsider became common in
>the later Middle Ages.  Subiaco is a good example of this practice;  see
>Carosi, I monasteri di Subiaco.
>
>Cardinal deacons also were not necessarily in major orders down into the
>19th century.
>
>Tom Izbicki
>
Female monasteries also suffered from the commenda system.  In France some
of the great royal monasteries were even commended to protestant princesses
as titular abbesses.  It was a regular agendum for reformers.

Jo Ann