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FEAST - Two Saints for the Day (July 26): Sts. Joachim and Anne, parents of the Lord


John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>


medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>


Tue, 26 Jul 2016 20:00:30 +0000





text/plain (1 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

In the Roman Calendar and in the sanctoral calendars of other churches, 26. July is the feast of Sts. Joachim and Anne / Anna, parents of the BVM, whose names first occur in early Christian tradition (imprimis the _Protoevangelium Jacobi_).  But early tradition is not necessarily authentic and the Episcopal Church in the United States of America instead commemorates on this day "The Parents of the Blessed Virgin (traditionally identified as Anne and Joachim)".  In the Roman Calendar prior to its reform as promulgated in 1968 Joachim had a feast of his own on 16 August, the day immediately following that of the Assumption of the BVM; even earlier (but still in the early modern period), his feast fell on the Sunday within the octave of the Assumption of the BVM (so the Roman Martyrology in its revision of 1748, noting, as did its successors through 1962, that Joachim's own _dies natalis_ was 20. March).  Cardinal Baronio's late sixteenth-century editions of the Roman Martyrology commemorated Joachim on 10. March.  In the medieval Latin West 26. July was ordinarily the feast day of St. Anne.  In Byzantine-rite churches Joachim and Anne have traditionally been celebrated on 9. September (so e.g. the Synaxary of Constantinople), with a separate feast of the Dormition of Anne occurring on 24. or 25. July.  The earlier ninth-century Marble Calendar of Naples records both of these latter feasts, with Anne sharing 25. July with St. Eupraxia / Euphrasia (as she still does in Orthodox and other Byzantine-rite churches).

Supplementing the images linked to earlier today by Gordon Plumb and Genevra Kornbluth, herewith some period-pertinent images of Joachim and Anne (this is in two parts: 1, Miscellaneous; 2, The Meeting at the Golden Gate):

Miscellaneous (mostly portraits):

a) Anne as depicted in a seventh(?)-century fresco in Rome's chiesa di Santa Maria Antiqua (grayscale image):



b) Anne as depicted in an eighth-century fresco from Faras in Lower Nubia, now in the National Museum in Warsaw:


Detail view:



c) Joachim and Anne as depicted in complementary roundels in the mid-tenth-century mosaics of the Nea Moni on Chios:

1) Joachim:



2) Anne:



d) Joachim and Anne (in conversation; Anne holding the infant Mary) as depicted in the later eleventh-century Cotton Troper (London, BL, MS Cotton Caligula A XIV):


e) Joachim and Anne as depicted in the late eleventh-century frescoes (restored in the nineteenth century) of the monastery of St. John the Theologian (Sv. Ioan Bogoslov) at Zemen in western Bulgaria:


f) Joachim and Anne as depicted in a pen-and-ink drawing in a twelfth-century set of readings for feasts of saints (betw. 1126 and 1175; London, BL, Arundel MS 36, fol. 13r):


g) Joachim as depicted in the mid-twelfth-century mosaics (ca. 1143) of the chiesa di Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (a.k.a. chiesa della Martorana) in Palermo:


Detail view:


h) Joachim and Anne as depicted (Anne holding the infant Mary) in the late twelfth-century frescoes (ca. 1191) in the church of St. George at Kurbinovo (Resen municipality) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:


i) Joachim and Anne as depicted (embracing) in a mid-thirteenth-century gradual for the Use of the abbey of Fontevrault (ca. 1250-1260; Limoges, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 2, fol. 277r):


j) Joachim and Anne (flanking the Theotokos and the Christ Child) as depicted in the later thirteenth-century frescoes (1259) in the church of Sts. Nicholas and Panteleimon at Boyana near the Bulgarian capital of Sofia:


k) Joachim and Anne (flanking the Holy Face) as depicted in a late thirteenth-century fresco (ca. 1282-1285) in the King Dragutin chapel, church of St. George, monastery of the Tracts or Pillars of St. George (Đurđevi Stupovi) near Novi Pazar (Raška dist.) in Serbia:

1) Joachim:


2) Anne:


3) The image as whole (slightly cropped):


l) Anne and Joachim as depicted in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 18v):



m) Joachim and Anne as depicted in September calendar portraits in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1312 and 1321/1322) of the monastery church of the Theotokos at Gračanica in, depending on one's view of the matter, either Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo:


n) Anne (holding the infant Mary) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1311 and ca. 1322) of the church of St. Nicholas Orphanos in Thessaloniki:


o) Joachim and Anne as depicted in earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1322 and 1324) in the nave of the church of St. Demetrius in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:

1) Joachim:


2) Anne:


p) Anne and Joachim as depicted (embracing domestically) in an earlier fourteenth-century gradual for the Use of Tours (shortly after 1323?; Tours, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 149, fol. 398r):


q) Joachim as depicted (the Annunciation to Joachim) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of Jacob van Maerlant's _Spieghel Historiael_ (ca. 1325-1335; Den Haag, KB, ms. KA 20, fol. 54r):


r) Joachim and Anne as depicted in September calendar portraits in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1335 and 1350) in the church of the Holy Ascension at the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:


s) Anne as depicted (leading the young Mary by the hand) by the Troyes Master in the late fourteenth-century Hours of Prigent de Coëtivy (ca. 1380-1400; Rennes, Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, ms. 1511, fol. 220r):


t) Joachim as depicted (upper register; the Annunciation to Joachim) as depicted in a side panel of a late fourteenth- or early fifteenth-century Dalmatian / Venetian altarpiece (ca. 1400) in the National Gallery in London:


u) Anne as depicted in grisaille (with the young Mary on her lap) by Jean le Tavernier or an assistant in the mid-fifteenth-century Hours of Philip of Burgundy (ca. 1451-1460; Den Haag, KB, ms. 76 F 2, fol. 280v):


The Meeting of Joachim and Anne at the Golden Gate:

aa) as depicted by Giotto di Bondone in an early fourteenth-century fresco (betw. 1303 and 1305) in the Arena Chapel (Cappella dei Scrovegni) in Padua:



bb) as depicted by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1313 and ca. 1320) in the King's Church (dedicated to Sts. Joachim and Anne) in the Studenica monastery near Kraljevo (Raška dist.) in Serbia:


Detail view:


cc) as depicted by Taddeo Gaddi in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (ca. 1330) in the cappella Baroncelli in the basilica di Santa Croce in Florence:


dd) as depicted (at right; at left and center, the Annunciation to Joachim and the Annunciation to Anne) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of Books 1-8 of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1333; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 316 , fol. 291r):


ee) as depicted in the mid-fourteenth-century Bible moralisée napolitaine (ca. 1340-1350; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 9561, fol. 117r):


ff) as depicted in a later fourteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1370-1390) in the Museum of Fine Art in Houston:


gg) as depicted in an earlier fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay followed by the _Festes nouvelles_ attributed to Jean Golein (ca. 1401-1425; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 242, fol. 290r):


hh) as depicted (at upper left; below, in the initial, Joachim and Anne in prayer) in the early fifteenth-century Grandes Heures de Jean de Berry (1409; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 919, fol. 24r):


ii) as depicted in an embroidered panel of the orphrey on the backside the early fifteenth-century Whalley Abbey dalmatic (ca. 1415-1430) in the Burrell Collection in Glasgow:


jj) as depicted in the mid-fifteenth-century Hours of Louis de Savoie (betw. 1445-1450 and 1460; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 9473, fol. 187v):


kk) as portrayed in a later fifteenth-century wooden statue (ca. 1470) in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam:



ll) as depicted by Filippino Lippi in a late fifteenth-century panel painting (1497) in the Statens Museum for Kunst in Copenhagen:



mm) as depicted by Nicholas Dipre in a late fifteenth or early sixteenth-century painting (from the predella of a dismembered altarpiece) in the Musée du Louvre in Paris:


nn) as depicted (at center) in the early sixteenth-century vault paintings (ca. 1510) in Sæby kirke (Frederikshavn kommune):


oo) as depicted in an early sixteenth-century book of hours (ca. 1510; Tours, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 2104, fol. 129v):


pp) as portrayed in high relief by Jehan Soulas in an early sixteenth-century panel (1519) of the choir screen in the cathédrale Notre-Dame in Chartres:




qq) as portrayed in relief in an earlier sixteenth-century polychromed wooden sculpture (linden wood; ca. 1520) from Augsburg in the Bode-Museum in Berlin:



John Dillon


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