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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  June 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION June 2016

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Subject:

FEAST - A Saint for the Day (June 5): St. Boniface of Mainz

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 5 Jun 2016 08:32:31 +0000

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Boniface (d. 754), whose original name was Wynfreth, was born in Devon.  He is sometimes referred to as Boniface of Crediton (Ian Wood's account of him in the _Oxford Dictionary of National Biography_ adds, "apparently without justification").  A largely successful missionary and ecclesiastical organizer in today's Germany and The Netherlands, he was the first archbishop of what became the see of Mainz.  In 751 he officiated at the coronation of Pepin the Short.  Boniface and a large body of followers were martyred at Dokkum in today's Dongeradeel in Netherlandic Friesland.  In accordance with his wishes he was buried at Fulda, in whose cathedral crypt he now reposes:
http://tinyurl.com/pbarv4
http://tinyurl.com/2vxgepw


Some period-pertinent images of St. Boniface of Mainz:

a) as portrayed in relief on a now damaged mid-ninth-century gravestone erected at his reliquary tomb in Mainz by St. Hrabanus Maurus (betw. 847 and 856), now in the Bischöfliches Dom- und Diözesanmuseum in the same city:
http://tinyurl.com/onpkks
http://www.inschriften.net/mainz/inschrift/ansichten/medien/tx_hisodat_sources_4287/0.html

b) as depicted (martyrdom) in a later tenth-century sacramentary from Fulda (ca. 975; Göttingen, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, 2° Cod. theol. 231, fol. 87r):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Marteldood_van_Bonifatius.jpg

c) as depicted (baptizing a convert; martyrdom) in an early eleventh-century sacramentary from Fulda (Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, ms. Msc. Lit.1, fol. 126v):
http://tinyurl.com/h2l7a28
http://www.wga.hu/art/zgothic/miniatur/1051-100/08_1051.jpg

d) as depicted (upper register, center) depicted with the saints of Eichstätt in the later eleventh-century Pontifical of Bishop Gundekar II (begun in 1071; Eichstätt, Diözesanarchiv Eichstätt, Codex B 4):
http://tinyurl.com/6fq63c

e) as depicted (confronting a soldier with a drawn sword) in a twelfth-century ms., presumably a legendary; image reproduced without indication of source at <http://www.broerendebruijn.nl/Bonifatiusalsbouwer.html>:
http://www.broerendebruijn.nl/Afbeeldingen/Bonifatius%20twaalfde%20eeuw.jpg
Can anyone on this list identify the ms. in question?

f) as depicted at the outset of Otloh of St. Emmeram's _Vita sancti Bonifatii Moguntini_ (BHL 1403) as transmitted in the later twelfth-century Weissenau Passional (ca. 1170-1200; Cologny, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, Cod. Bodmer 127, fol. 75r):
http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/fmb/cb-0127/75r

g) as portrayed in relief on a mid-fourteenth-century effigy slab (1357; from his reliquary tomb in the St. Johanniskirche in Mainz; nineteenth-century paint) in the Hoher Dom St. Martin in Mainz:
http://www.1000-jahre-mainzer-dom.de/?8059
http://tinyurl.com/h4vgcg3

h) as portrayed (with an opening for a relic) in a later fourteenth-century polychromed statue (ca. 1360-1380) in the Museum Hameln in Hameln:
http://tinyurl.com/6lvh5k

i) as depicted (at the coronation of Pepin the Short) in a mid-fifteenth-century copy of Giovanni Colonna's _Mare historiarum_ (betw. 1447 and 1455; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 4915, fol. 313r):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b6000905v/f695.item.zoom

j) as portrayed in a later fifteenth-century polychromed and gilt wooden relief (ca. 1480) in the Dom St. Marien in Erfurt:
http://tinyurl.com/znuuuxx

k) as portrayed (at left; at right, St. James major) in a polychromed and gilt wooden statue in later fifteenth-century winged altar of the BVM in the Hohausmusem in Lauterbach (Lkr. Vogelsbergkreis) in Hessen:
http://tinyurl.com/jdxxhpp

l) as depicted (right margin) in a woodcut in the Beloit College copy of Hartmann Schedel's late fifteenth-century _Weltchronik_ (_Nuremberg Chronicle_; 1493) at fol. CLXIv:
https://www.beloit.edu/nuremberg/book/6th_age/left_page/64%20%28Folio%20CLXIv%29.pdf

m) as depicted (at right) on a mid-sixteenth-century taler (1544) from Hameln:
http://www.coingallery.de/Heilige/B/Bonifatius.htm

Best,
John Dillon

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