JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  January 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION January 2016

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

Feast - A Saint for the Day (Jan. 10): St. Paul of Thebes

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 10 Jan 2016 21:55:32 +0000

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (1 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture 
 
We know about the legendary Egyptian hermit Paul of Thebes (also Paul the Hermit; d. ca. 345, supposedly) through his Vita by St. Jerome (BHL 6596, _Vita Pauli primi eremitae_; several versions in Greek, BHG 1466-1470) and from other sources dependent upon it.  Whether Paul is entirely Jerome's invention or else a literary development from now lost oral tradition is unknown and, in the present state of the evidence, unknowable.  According to Jerome, during a mid-third-century persecution the sixteen-year-old-Paul, fearing for his life, fled into the Theban desert where he found a cave with a spring and took up residence as an hermit.  Almost a century later St. Anthony of Egypt, then twenty-three years of age, received a celestial vision informing him that deep in the desert there dwelt a monk whose monastic way of life was more perfect than his own.  Anthony then set out to find this divinely indicated paragon. 
 
After a journey in which Anthony encountered an hippocentaur and a faun or satyr (the former perhaps diabolic, the latter certainly so) he found the one-hundred-and-thirteen-year-old Paul at his cave, wearing a garment stitched together from palm leaves.  They conversed, were fed by a raven (cf. 3 Reg 1-7), and on the following day Paul announced that his time on earth was at an end.  Anthony saw Paul's soul ascend to heaven; conducting Paul's funeral with hymns and psalms, he buried the saint's body in a hole miraculously dug by two lions.  Anthony kept Paul's palm-leaf tunic and always wore it at Easter and at Pentecost.  Thus far Jerome, whose Vita of this saint made him a figure of common knowledge, especially in monastic circles. 
 
 
Herewith some links to period-pertinent images of Paul of Thebes: 
 
a) Paul of Thebes (at left) and St. Anthony of Egypt (second register from bottom) as portrayed on a panel on the north face of the probably eighth-century Ruthwell Cross, Ruthwell Church, Ruthwell (Dumfries and Galloway): 
http://tinyurl.com/ou3v88u 
 
b) Paul of Thebes and Anthony of Egypt as portrayed (with crossed staffs) on a panel on the south side of the probably tenth-century Muiredach's High Cross at the former monastery of Monasterboice (county Louth): 
http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/muiredach/northtop.jpg 
 
c) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right) in a tenth-century fresco from the monastery of St. Sozomenos in Agios Sozomenos, a locality of Potamia (Nicosia prefecture) in the Republic of Cyprus, now in the Byzantine Museum in Nicosia: 
http://tinyurl.com/n3fvewg 
 
d) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at left in the lower left-hand panel; at right, St. Anthony of Egypt) in a detached portion of a probably mid-tenth-century triptych (painted in Constantinople?) in the Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai, St. Catherine (South Sinai governorate): 
http://rubens.anu.edu.au/raid2/no_dgb/pics/26/large/019133022497_75.jpg 
 
e) Paul of Thebes as depicted (being laid to rest by St. Anthony of Egypt) in the earlier eleventh-century "imperial" menologion for January in the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore (ms. W. 521, fol. 28r): 
http://tinyurl.com/m8g4jan 
 
f) Paul of Thebes and Anthony of Egypt as portrayed (sharing their meal) on an earlier twelfth-century nave capital (ca. 1120-1132) in the basilique Sainte-Marie-Madeleine at Vézelay: 
http://www.medart.pitt.edu/image/france/france-t-to-z/vezelay/capitals-nave/veznave75b.jpg 
 
g) Paul of Thebes as depicted in the earlier twelfth-century frescoes (1140s) of the Transfiguration cathedral of the Mirozh monastery in Pskov: 
http://tinyurl.com/nhdvrym 
 
h) Paul of Thebes (highly probably) as depicted in the later twelfth-century frescoes (1164) of the church of St. Panteleimon (Pantaleon) at Gorno Nerezi (Skopje municipality) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: 
http://tinyurl.com/z4ervgn 
 
i) Paul of Thebes as depicted in a late twelfth-century mosaic in the basilica cattedrale di Santa Maria Nuova in Monreale (for a better view, click on the image): 
http://tinyurl.com/7uc6xjq 
 
j) Paul of Thebes as depicted in a thirteenth-century fresco in the abbey church of Santa Maria delle Cerrate at Squinzano (LE) in southern Apulia: 
http://tinyurl.com/728uebs 
 
k) Paul of Thebes as depicted (his meeting with St. Anthony of Egypt; his death; his burial) in the thirteenth-century Legendary of St. Petersburg (Paris, BnF, ms. nouvelle acquisition française, fol. 80r): 
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8446925z/f163.item.zoom 
 
l) Anthony of Egypt and Paul of Thebes as depicted (scenes) in the earlier thirteenth-century Anthony Abbot and Paul the Hermit window (bay 30b; ca. 1205-ca. 1230; cleaned, 1990) in the basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame in Chartres: 
http://tinyurl.com/oj5htx8 
http://www.therosewindow.com/pilot/Chartres/w30b.htm 
http://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/3513091431/ [photograph by Gordon Plumb] 
 
m) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Arsenius the Great) in the earlier thirteenth-century frescoes (1230s) in the narthex of the Mileševa monastery near Prijepolje (Zlatibor dist.) in southern Serbia: 
http://tinyurl.com/ydyadyv 
Detail views (the epitrachelion, signifying priesthood, is an interesting touch): 
http://tinyurl.com/y9289va 
http://tinyurl.com/ycuhfo3 
http://tinyurl.com/y9dfrpc 
http://tinyurl.com/y8ghe77 
 
n) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right in the third illumination from the top, being fed by a raven; at left, St. Anthony of Egypt) in an earlier thirteenth-century book of hours of French origin (betw. 1230 and 1239; New York, The Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum, Morgan MS. M.92, fol. 112v): 
http://ica.themorgan.org/manuscript/page/55/77348 
 
o) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Euthymius the Great) in the later thirteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1260 and ca. 1263) in the north choir of the church of the Holy Apostles in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija: 
http://tinyurl.com/ydtoqnz 
 
p) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at far right, after two unidentified Desert Fathers) in the later thirteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1263 and 1270 or slightly later) in the narthex of the church of the Holy Trinity in the Sopoćani monastery at Sopoćani (Raška dist.) in Serbia: 
http://tinyurl.com/7zyef67 
Detail view (Paul of Thebes): 
http://tinyurl.com/894g3j9 
 
q) Paul of Thebes as depicted (his soul received by angels) in a late thirteenth-century copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA, Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol. 19v): 
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/ds/huntington/images//000972A.jpg 
 
r) Paul of Thebes as depicted in a thirteenth- or fourteenth-century fresco in the cripta di San Leonardo in Massafra (TA) in southern Apulia: 
https://www.flickr.com/photos/24271543@N03/5732826152/ 
 
s) Paul of Thebes as depicted (with a very thin epitrachelion appropriate to his austere lifestyle) in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1311-ca. 1322) in the church of St. Nicholas Orphanos in Thessaloniki: 
http://tinyurl.com/yau4fo6 
 
t) Paul of Thebes as depicted (second from left; with Sts. Ephraem the Syrian, Sabas of Jerusalem, and John Climacus) in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1312-1322) of the parecclesion of the Theotokos in the monastery church of the Theotokos at Gračanica in, depending on one's view of the matter, either Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo: 
http://srpskoblago.org/Archives/Gracanica/exhibits/digital/s1-e1e4/large/s1-e1e4-22.jpg 
Detail view (Paul of Thebes): 
http://srpskoblago.org/Archives/Gracanica/exhibits/digital/s1-e1e4/large/s1-e1e4-24.jpg 
 
u) Paul of Thebes as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1314-ca. 1320) in the church of St. Nikita at Čučer in today's Čučer-Sandevo in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: 
http://tinyurl.com/jjps7y2 
Paul's identifying inscription in its present state is from a restoration in 1483-1484. 
 
v) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Arsenius the Great) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1313 and 1318; conservation work in 1968) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the church of St. George at Staro Nagoričane in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: 
http://tinyurl.com/ox7unpk 
 
w) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Arsenius the Great) in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (1330s) in the church of the Holy Savior (Sv. Spas; a.k.a. church of the Presentation of the Theotokos) at Kučevište in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: 
http://tinyurl.com/hbqyxgu 
Detail view: 
http://tinyurl.com/jtxadty 
 
x) Paul of Thebes (at right; at left, St. Euthymius the Great) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (1330s) in the nave of the church of the Hodegetria in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija: 
http://tinyurl.com/yd3mny7 
 
y) Paul of Thebes as depicted (in three scenes from a reworking of his Vita) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy (ca. 1335) of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms. Arsenal 5080, fols. 190v, 191r, 191v): 
http://tinyurl.com/pjddsx4 
http://tinyurl.com/ncf79x4 
http://tinyurl.com/pa4uq25 
 
z) Paul of Thebes as depicted in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fol. 37r): 
http://tinyurl.com/yl4u3oj 
 
aa) Paul of Thebes as depicted by Lorenzo Veneziano on the central predella panel of his mid-fourteenth-century Lion Polyptych (1357) in the Gallerie dell'Accademia in Venice: 
http://tinyurl.com/mkgsj5o 
 
bb) Paul of Thebes as depicted (in scenes from a reworking of his Vita) by the workshop of Bartolo di Fredi in two late fourteenth-century panel paintings from a predella (ca. 1380-ca. 1390) in the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin: 
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mazanto/14799545545/ 
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mazanto/14612885829/ 
 
cc) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right, embracing St. Anthony of Egypt) by Agnolo Gaddi in his late fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1383 and 1385) in the Castellani chapel of Florence's basilica di Santa Croce: 
http://tinyurl.com/hccd3pj 
 
dd) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, another Desert Father) in the late fourteenth-century frescoes (1389; restored in the early 1970s) in the monastery church of St. Andrew at Matka in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: 
http://tinyurl.com/zpknq5g 
 
ee) Paul of Thebes as depicted by Johannes Aquila in the later fourteenth-century chancel frescoes (1392) in the church of St. Martin in Martjanci (Mura statistical region), Slovenia: 
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7011371.JPG 
 
ff) Paul of Thebes (at right, in his meeting with St. Anthony of Egypt) as depicted by Lorenzo Monaco in an early fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1400-1410) in the Pinacoteca Vaticana: 
https://farm3.staticflickr.com/2483/3538552908_a1271839cd_b.jpg 
 
hh) Paul of Thebes as depicted (lower register, embracing Anthony; above, Anthony's search for Paul) by the Master of the Osservanza in an earlier fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1435-ca. 1440) in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC: 
http://www.wga.hu/art/m/master/osservan/anthony3.jpg 
 
ii) Paul of Thebes as depicted (being laid to rest by St. Anthony of Egypt) in an earlier fifteenth-century panel painting by Pascual Ortoneda now in the Museo Nacional de Arte de Cataluña in Barcelona: 
http://tinyurl.com/q2cflqw 
Detail view: 
http://tinyurl.com/ppet4t8 
 
jj) as depicted (at upper right, perusing a codex; at lower left, St. Anthony of Egypt) in the early fifteenth-century _Belles Heures_ of Jean de France, duc de Berry (ca. 1407; New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters Collection, ms. 1954 [54.1.1], fol. 191v): 
http://tinyurl.com/zcu82s3 
 
kk) Paul of Thebes as portrayed in high relief (at left; at right, St. Anthony of Egypt) on the earlier fifteenth-century north portal (ca. 1442) of the Justinuskirche in Höchst, a _Stadtteil_ of Frankfurt am Main: 
http://tinyurl.com/ybvysuw 
 
ll) Paul of Thebes as depicted in a mid-fifteenth-century mosaic (1458) in the basilica cattedrale di San Marco in Venice: 
http://www.christianiconography.info/Edited%20in%202013/Italy/paulHermitStMarks.html 
 
mm) Paul of Thebes as depicted twice in a later fifteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1463; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 51, fols. 29r, 29v): 
1) Scenes from a reworking of his Vita: 
http://tinyurl.com/yambuaz 
2) Being laid to rest by St. Anthony of Egypt: 
http://tinyurl.com/knw627c 
 
nn) Paul of Thebes as depicted (weaving a basket) by the Master of Ippolita Sforza in a later fifteenth-century copy (1465) of Domenico Cavalca's _Vite de' santi padri_ (Paris, BnF, ms. Italien 1712, fol. 1r): 
http://tinyurl.com/q9tee55 
 
oo) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Anthony of Egypt) in a late fifteenth-century book of hours for the Use of Autun (ca. 1480-1490; Autun, Bibliothèque d'Autun, ms. 269, fol. 164r): 
http://tinyurl.com/ydameaw 
 
pp) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Anthony of Egypt) by Joseph Koler in a series of late fifteenth-century panel paintings of scenes in the life of St. Anthony (ca. 1480-1490) in the filialkirche St. Blasius in Kaufbeuren: 
http://tinyurl.com/hv9jp7p 
The panels as a group: 
http://www.adolphus.nl/xus/antonius/aland/dldstatu/kaufbeuren00.jpg 
 
qq) Paul of Thebes as depicted (left margin at top) in a hand-colored woodcut in the Beloit College copy of Hartmann Schedel's late fifteenth-century _Weltchronik_ (_Nuremberg Chronicle_; 1493) at fol. CXXXIr: 
https://www.beloit.edu/nuremberg/book/6th_age/right_page/35%20%28Folio%20CXXXIr%29.pdf 
 
rr) Paul of Thebes as depicted in two panels of the early sixteenth-century altarpiece of St. Anthony of Egypt (ca. 1503-1505) in the church of St. George in Spišská Sobota, a borough of Poprad in northeastern Slovakia: 
1) At left, sharing food with St. Anthony of Egypt: 
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7012656.JPG 
2) Being laid to rest by St. Anthony of Egypt: 
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7012653.JPG 
 
ss) Paul of Thebes as depicted (at right; at left, St. Anthony of Egypt) by Matthias Grünewald in a panel painting on a wing of his earlier sixteenth-century Isenheim Altarpiece (ca. 1515): 
http://www.wga.hu/art/g/grunewal/2isenhei/3view/3view1l.jpg 
Some context: 
http://www.joerg-sieger.de/isenheim/menue/frame10.htm 
 
tt) Paul of Thebes as depicted by the Master of Messkirch in an earlier sixteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1535-1540; from a side altar in the St. Martinskirche in Messkirch, Baden-Württemberg) in the Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch Hall: 
http://tinyurl.com/jv2fzhv  
 
uu) Paul of Thebes as depicted by Theofanis Strelitzas-Bathas (a.k.a. Theophanes the Cretan) in the earlier sixteenth-century frescoes (1545 and 1546) in the katholikon of the Stavronikita monastery on Mt. Athos: 
http://images.oca.org/icons/lg/January/0115paulofthebes.JPG 
 
Best, 
John Dillon 
 
********************************************************************** 
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME 
to: [log in to unmask] 
To send a message to the list, address it to: 
[log in to unmask] 
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion 
to: [log in to unmask] 
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to: 
[log in to unmask] 
For further information, visit our web site: 
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion 

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager