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FEAST - A Celebration for the Day (Feb. 2): Hypapante / The Presentation in the Temple


John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>


medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>


Tue, 2 Feb 2016 23:45:29 +0000





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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (2. February) is the feast day of The Presentation in the Temple / Hypapante ["The Encounter"] / Candlemas / The Purification of the Virgin Mary.  This feast is first described by the probably late fourth-century pilgrim Egeria in her account of the services at Jerusalem.  An English-language translation is here (go to XXVI for the Presentation):


Clicking on the Roman numeral XXVI will bring up the passage in the original Latin.

Supplementing the images in glass posted earlier today by Gordon Plumb, herewith a few more period-pertinent images of the Presentation:

a) as depicted in the mid-ninth-century Drogo Sacramentary from Metz (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 9428, fol. 38r):


b) as depicted in the late tenth- or early eleventh-century so-called Menologion of Basil II (Città del Vaticano, BAV, cod. Vat. Gr. 1613):


c) as depicted (bottom register) in the early eleventh-century Codex Aureus of Echternach (Nürnberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 156142, fol. 19r):


d) as portrayed in high relief on a panel of the early eleventh-century bronze doors (the Bernwardstür; installed, 1015; restored, 1986) of the Dom St. Mariae in Hildesheim:


e) as depicted in the earlier eleventh-century mosaics (restored betw. 1953 and 1962) of the katholikon of the monastery of Hosios Loukas near Distomo in Phokis:


f) as depicted in an earlier eleventh-century troper and proser from Limoges (betw. 1026 and 1050; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 1119, fol. 17v):


g) as depicted in the late eleventh- or early twelfth-century Breviary of Oderisius, from Montecassino (betw. 1099 and 1105; Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 364, fol. 19r):


h) as depicted in the earlier twelfth-century St Albans Psalter (betw. 1120 and 1145; Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS St. Godehard 1, p. 28):


i) as portrayed the earlier twelfth-century sculptures (ca. 1145) of the right portal of the west facade of the basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame in Chartres:



j) as depicted (at left and center, second register from top) in the mid-twelfth-century Infancy of Christ window (Bay 50; ca. 1145-1155) in the basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame in Chartres:


Detail view:


k) as depicted (on opposite sides of an arch) in the mid-twelfth-century mosaics (betw. 1146 and 1151) of the chiesa di Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (a.k.a. chiesa della Martorana) in Palermo:

1) the Theotokos offering the Christ Child:


2) Symeon reaching out to receive Him:


l) as depicted in a later twelfth-century Coptic-language Gospels from Damietta (1178-1180; Paris, BnF, ms. Copte 13, fol. 142r):


m) as portrayed in high relief on the late twelfth- or very early thirteenth-century north (or Nativity) portal of the west front of the cathédrale Notre-Dame in Laon:



n) as portrayed in relief in the fragmentary remains of the later twelfth- or early thirteenth-century tympanum of the destroyed north porch of the now almost entirely vanished twelfth-century church of abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos (prov. de Burgos) in the monastery's Museo de Silos:



o) as portrayed in high relief on the earlier thirteenth-century south (or Virgin) portal (1225-1240; cleaned, 2000) of the west front of the cathédrale Notre-Dame in Amiens:


p) as depicted in the mid-thirteenth-century Carrow Psalter (Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, ms. W.34, fol. 34r):


q) as depicted in the mid-thirteenth-century window of the Abbot of Evron (Bay 105, panel C5) in the choir of the cathédrale Saint-Julien in Le Mans:


r) as portrayed in relief by Nicola Pisano in a panel of his later thirteenth-century pulpit (1260) in the baptistery of Pisa:


s) as depicted in a later thirteenth-century fresco (ca. 1263-1270 or 1270-1272) in the nave of the monastery church of the Holy Trinity at Sopoćani (Raška dist.) in southern Serbia:


t) as depicted in the later thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 26r):


u) as depicted by Pietro Cavallini in a late thirteenth-century mosaic (ca. 1293) in Santa Maria in Trastevere (the verses are by the future cardinal Jacopo Stefaneschi, d. 1341 or 1343):



v) as depicted by Manuel Panselinos (attrib.) in the late thirteenth- or very early fourteenth-century frescoes in the Protaton church on Mount Athos:


w) as depicted by Giotto di Bondone in an early fourteenth-century fresco (betw. 1303 and 1305) in the Arena Chapel (Cappella dei Scrovegni) in Padua:


x) as depicted by Duccio di Buoninsegna in a panel painting (ca. 1308-1311) from the predella of his Maestà in the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo in Siena:


y) as depicted by Giotto di Bondone in an earlier fourteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1320-1325) in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston (MA):


z) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century North Italian copy of the Sermons of Maurice of Sully (ca. 1320-1330; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 187, fol. 33v):


aa) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (ca. 1322-1324) in the nave of the church of St. Demetrius in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:


Detail view:


bb) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century pictorial menologion from Thessaloniki (betw. 1322 and 1340; Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Gr. th. f. 1, fol. 2v):


cc) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (1330s) in the nave of the church of the Hodegetria in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:


Detail view:


dd) as depicted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti in an earlier fourteenth-century panel painting (1342) in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence:


Detail view:


ee) as portrayed in a fourteenth-century marble statuary group in the Musée national du Moyen Âge (Musée de Cluny) in Paris:


ff) as depicted in a later fourteenth-century Armenian-language Gospels (Paris, BnF, ms. Arménien 333, fol. 3r):


gg) as depicted, from a design by Niccolò di Pietro Gerini, in a late fourteenth or early fifteenth-century glass window (betw. 1395 and 1405) in the chiesa di Orsanmichele in Florence:



hh) as depicted in an earlier fifteenth-century book of hours seemingly of Netherlandish origin (?Bruges; ca. 1430-45; Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, ms. W.239, fol. 67v):


ii) as depicted by Beato Angelico in an earlier fifteenth-century panel painting (1433-1434) on the predella of his Annunciation altarpiece in the Museo diocesano in Cortona:


jj) as depicted by Andrea Mantegna in a mid-fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1453-1460) in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin:


kk) as depicted by Rogier van der Weyden in a mid-fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1455) in his St. Columba altarpiece in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich:


ll) as depicted in a later fifteenth-century book of hours for the Use of Paris (ca. 1470; Chambéry, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 1, fol. 75r):


mm) as depicted in a late fifteenth-century breviary for the Use of Besançon (before 1498; Besançon, Bibliothèques municipales, ms. 69, p. 391):


nn) as portrayed in relief in an early sixteenth-century oak panel from Normandy in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:


oo) as depicted in an earlier sixteenth-century glass roundel (ca. 1525) of Netherlandish origin or inspiration in the Church of St. Peter, Nowton (Suffolk; photograph by Gordon Plumb):



John Dillon


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