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FEAST - A Celebration for the Day (September 8): The Nativity of Mary


John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>


medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>


Thu, 8 Sep 2016 08:57:01 +0000





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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

On 8. September many churches celebrate the Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God.  Herewith links to fifty period-pertinent images illustrating that event:

a) as depicted in the late tenth- or very early eleventh-century so-called Menologion of Basil II (Città del Vaticano, BAV, cod. Vat. gr. 1613, p. 22):


b) as depicted in an eleventh-century fresco in the cathedral of St. Sophia in Kyiv:


c) as depicted in the late eleventh-century mosaics in the katholikon of the Daphni monastery in Chaidari (Attika regional authority): 


d) as depicted in the later twelfth-century frescoes (1164) of the church of St. Panteleimon (Pantaleon) at Gorno Nerezi (Skopje municipality) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:


Detail view (the washing of the infant Mary):


e) as depicted in the late twelfth-century Navarre Picture Bible (1197; Amiens, Bibliothèque Louis Aragon, ms. 108, fol. 166v):


f) as depicted in a late twelfth- or early thirteenth-century Gospel lectionary of probable Upper Rhine provenance (ca. 1200; Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Cod. St. Peter perg. 7, fol. 10v):


g) as depicted in three earlier thirteenth-century panels in the Window of the Virgin (bay 1, panels 8-10; ca. 1220) in Troyes' cathédrale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul:

1) St. Anne on her bed: http://therosewindow.com/pilot/Troyes%20cathedral/w1-8.htm

2) St. Anne, seated, holds (nurses?) the infant Mary: http://therosewindow.com/pilot/Troyes%20cathedral/w1-9.htm

3) The washing of the infant Mary: http://therosewindow.com/pilot/Troyes%20cathedral/w1-10.htm

h) as depicted (right-hand column, second panel from bottom) by the Master of San Martino in a mid-thirteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1250-1260) of the BVM and Christ Child with other scenes (mostly from her life) in the Museo nazionale di San Martino in Pisa:


i) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 19r):


Images of Anne and the Virgin smudged (from repeated devotional touching?).

j) as depicted by Eutychios and Michael Astrapas in their late thirteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1295) in the church of the Peribleptos (now Sv. Kliment Ohridski) in Ohrid:


k) as depicted by Pietro Cavallini in his late thirteenth-century mosaics (betw. 1296 and 1300) in Rome's basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere:


l) as depicted by Giotto di Bondone in his early fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1303 and 1305) in the Arena Chapel (Cappella dei Scrovegni) in Padua:


m) as depicted in an early (or mid- ?) fourteenth-century Novgorod School icon in the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow:


n) as depicted in a September calendar image in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1312 and 1321/1322) of the monastery church of the Theotokos at Gračanica in, depending on one's view of the matter, either Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo:



o) as depicted by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios (attrib.) in their earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1313 and ca. 1320) in the King's Church in the Studenica monastery near Kraljevo (Raška dist.) in Serbia:


Detail view (the washing of the infant Mary):


p) as depicted (in the panel at lower left) in an earlier fourteenth-century pictorial menologion from Thessaloniki (betw. 1322 and 1340; Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Gr. th. f. 1, fol. 8r):


q) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1326-1350; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 185, fol. 21r):


r) as depicted by Taddeo Gaddi in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (betw. 1328 and ca. 1335) in the Baroncelli chapel of Florence's basilica di Santa Croce:


s) as depicted by Paolo Veneziano (attrib.) in a panel of his earlier to mid-fourteenth-century Scenes from the Life of the BVM (ca. 1330-1360) in the Musei Civici di Pesaro:


t) as depicted in the mid-fourteenth-century Bible moralisée napolitaine (ca. 1340-1350; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 9561, fol. 118v):


u) as depicted by Pietro Lorenzetti in a mid-fourteenth-century panel painting (1342) in the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo in Siena:


v) as depicted in the mid- to later fourteenth-century Breviary of Charles V (betw. 1347 and 1380; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 1052, fol. 497r):


w) as depicted in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fol. 236v):


x) as portrayed in relief by Andrea Orcagna on his later fourteenth-century Tabernacle (1359) in Florence's chiesa di Orsanmichele:


y) as depicted by Giovanni da Milano in his later fourteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1365) in the Rinuccini chapel of the basilica di Santa Croce in Florence:


z) as depicted by the Master of the Ashmolean Predella in a predella panel, from a dismembered later fourteenth-century altarpiece (ca. 1365-1370) in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford:


aa) as depicted by Gerardino da Reggio in a later fourteenth-century fresco (commissioned, 1374) in the chiesa di San Nicolò in Padua:


Opens to higher resolution:


bb) as depicted by Silvestro dei Gherarducci in an historiated initial "G" on a detached leaf (fol. 148) of an unfinished later-fourteenth-century gradual (ca. 1375; for Santa Maria degli Angeli in Florence) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York (most of this gradual is Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Cod. Cor. 2):



cc) as depicted in a late fourteenth-century triptych (early 1380s) by Paolo di Giovanni Fei (attrib.) in the Picacoteca nazionale in Siena:


Detail view:


dd) as depicted by Cennino Cennini in a late fourteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1390-1400) in the Pinacoteca nazionale in Siena:


ee) as depicted in a late fourteenth- or early fifteenth-century Cistercian breviary of Catalan origin ("Breviary of Martin of Aragon"; Paris, BnF, ms. Rothschild 2529, fol. 381v):


ff) as depicted (Anne suckling Mary) in the earlier fifteenth-century vault paintings in Risinge gamla kyrka (Sankta Maria kyrka) in Risinge (Finspångs kommun) in Östergötland:


gg) as depicted (at upper left; below, in the initial "D", Anne suckling Mary) in the early fifteenth-century Grandes Heures de Jean de Berry (1409; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 919, fol. 24r):


hh) as depicted in a panel of the orphrey on the backside of the early fifteenth-century Whalley Abbey dalmatic (ca. 1415-1430) in the Burrell Collection in Glasgow:


ii) as depicted by Giovanni di Paolo (attrib.) in a predella panel, from a dismembered earlier fifteenth-century altarpiece of the Virgin (ca. 1425-1440), in Rome's Palazzo Doria Pamphilj:


jj) as depicted (lower panels) by the Master of the Osservanza in an earlier fifteenth-century altarpiece (ca. 1428-1440) in the Museo di palazzo Corboli in Asciano:


Detail views (the washing of the infant Mary):



kk) as depicted by Michele Giambono in an earlier fifteenth-century mosaic (ca. 1431-1433) in the Mascoli chapel of Venice's basilica patriarcale metropolitana primaziale cattedrale di San Marco:


ll) as depicted by Paolo Uccello in an earlier fifteenth-century fresco (ca. 1435-1440; since transferred to polyester) in the chapel of the Assumption in Prato's basilica cattedrale di Santo Stefano:


mm) as depicted by the Master of the Osservanza in an earlier fifteenth-century triptych (ca. 1440) in the National Gallery in London:


Zoomable image:


nn) as depicted in a mid-fifteenth-century stained glass window panel (betw. 1440 and 1447) from the Carmelite church in Boppard (Lkr. Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis), now in the Burrell Collection in Glasgow:


Detail view (upper portion):


oo) as portrayed by the Master of Joachim and Anne in a mid-fifteenth-century oak statue (ca. 1450) in the Bode-Museum in Berlin:


pp) as depicted in a later fifteenth-century copy (1463) of books 9-16 of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms. Français 50, fol. 259v):


qq) as depicted in a later fifteenth-century copy of Jean Mansel's _Fleur des hystoires_ (Paris, BnF, ms. Français 297, fol. 1r):


rr) as depicted by the Master of the Life of the Virgin in a later fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1460-1475) in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich:


Detail view:


ss) as portrayed in a late fifteenth-century polychromed wooden altar sculpture (ca. 1485) in the Pfarrkirche St. Wolfgang in Sankt Wolfgang (Lkr. Erding) in Bavaria:


tt) as depicted by Domenico Ghirlandaio in a late fifteenth-century fresco (ca. 1486-1490) in the Tornabuoni chapel of Florence's basilica di Santa Maria Novella:


uu) as depicted by Hans Holbein the Elder in a panel from his dismembered late fifteenth-century Weingarten Altarpiece (1493) in Augsburg's Hohe Domkirche Unserer Lieben Frau:


vv) as portrayed in a polychromed relief on the late medieval jubé (betw. 1490 and 1530) in the cathedral of Amiens:


ww) as depicted by the Master of the Pfullendorfer Altar in a panel painting, from the dismembered late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century altarpiece of that name (ca. 1500), in the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart:


xx) as depicted (at center; Anne suckling Mary) in the early sixteenth-century vault paintings (ca. 1510) in Sæby kirke (Frederikshavn kommune):



yy) as portrayed in sculpture (the washing of the infant Mary; behind, a servitor at Anne's bed) by Jehan Soulas in the initial panels (1519-1521) of the earlier sixteenth-century choir screen in the basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame in Chartres:


Detail view:


zz) as depicted by Jan de Beer in an earlier sixteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1520) in the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid:



aaa) as portrayed in an earlier sixteenth-century polychromed limewood altar sculpture from Augsburg (ca. 1520) in the Bode-Museum in Berlin:


bbb) as portrayed by the workshop of Daniel Mauch in an earlier sixteenth-century polychromed limewood relief from Ulm (ca. 1520) in the Liebighaus in Frankfurt am Main:



John Dillon


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