JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities
















By Topic:










By Author:











Proportional Font








Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


FEAST - A Saint for the Day (November 17): St. Gregory the Thaumaturge (of Neocaesarea)


John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>


medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>


Thu, 17 Nov 2016 07:13:51 +0000





text/plain (1 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Gregory the Thaumaturge (d. ca. 273; also Gregory of Neocaesarea) was a well-to-do student named Theodore when in about the year 232 he and his younger brother St. Athenodorus of Pontus met Origen at Caesarea in Palestine.  Under the latter's influence they converted from paganism to Christianity and then studied under the new master for about five years.  In about 238 they returned to their native and almost entirely pagan Neocaesarea in Pontus (now Niksar in Turkey), where the young Theodore soon became Gregory its bishop and where over the course of the next thirty-five years he wrote treatises and letters, some of which have survived, and became famous for miracles.  Stories of the latter circulated widely over the next several centuries and were repeated or alluded to by other church fathers.  According to St. Gregory of Nyssa, the present Gregory is the first person known to have seen the Theotokos in a vision.

Relics said to be Gregory's arrived in southern Calabria at some now unknown time in seemingly the early Middle Ages.  Guesses range from the sixth century (implausible) to the eighth (possible, but not every cult will have been brought by refugees from iconoclastic persecution) to the the eleventh, when the now Franciscan monastery of San Gregorio Taumaturgo at Stalettì (CZ) probably was founded.  Gregory is Stalettì's patron saint and his putative relics there, less a cranium that has been in Lisbon since the late sixteenth century, are kept in the rebuilt monastery church.  Here's a view of them:


Since at least the late twelfth century and probably well before that a column in Constantinople's Hagia Sophia has been thought miraculous by virtue of its containing relics of St. Gregory the Thaumaturge.  Anthony of Novgorod, who visited the Great Church in 1200, reports that it was covered with brass plates.  It still has some of these.  One has a circular hole allowing people in search of cures to touch the column at that point and then rotate their finger on it in the hope of obtaining relief:



17. November is Gregory the Thaumaturge's feast day in the earlier ninth-century Marble Calendar of Naples.  He is that day's saint of the day in the tenth-century Metaphrastic Menologion and has the day's initial entry in the originally tenth-century Synaxary of Constantinople.  Modern Byzantine-Rite churches likewise celebrate him on 17. November.  In the Roman Rite today is his feast day in Stalettì (CZ) in Calabria and his day of commemoration in the Roman Martyrology.

Some period-pertinent images of St. Gregory the Thaumaturge of Neocaesarea (there is also a St. Gregory the Thaumaturge of the Kyivan Caves):

a) as depicted (right margin, upper image) in a ninth-century copy of St. John Damascene's _Parallela sacra_ (Paris, BnF, ms. Grec 923, fol. 271r):


b) as depicted (at right; at left, St. Basil the Great) flanking the Theotokos on a tenth-century enameled cross from Constantinople in the British Museum in London:


c) as portrayed in relief (at right in the lower left-hand panel; at right in that panel, St. Jacob of Beth Lapat / James the Persian) on the reverse of the mid-tenth-century Harbaville Triptych in the Musée du Louvre in Paris:


d) as depicted in the late tenth- or very early eleventh-century so-called Menologion of Basil II (Città del Vaticano, BAV, cod. Vat. gr. 1613, p. 188):



e) as depicted in the earlier eleventh-century mosaics (restored between 1953 and 1962) in the transept of the katholikon of the monastery of Hosios Loukas near Distomo in Phokis:



f) as depicted (lower register, second from right; after Sts. Gregory of Nazianzus and Gregory of Nyssa and before St. Gregory of Agrigento) in the earlier eleventh-century apse frescoes (ca. 1028 - ca. 1040) of the Panagia [ton] Chalkeon in Thessaloniki:


An expandable, grayscale view of that portrait:


g) as depicted in a mid-eleventh-century mosaic in the cathedral of St. Sophia in Kyiv (bottom portion restored with oil painting in the nineteenth century):


h) as depicted in the recently restored late eleventh-century mosaics in the katholikon of the Daphni monastery in Chaidari (Attika regional authority):


Detail view (in different light):


i) as depicted in a probably earlier twelfth-century Byzantine icon (it's also been dated to the fourteenth century) in the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg:


j) as depicted (second from left in this panel) in the later thirteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1260 and 1263) in the altar area of the church of the Holy Apostles in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:


k) as depicted in a later thirteenth-century fresco (betw. ca. 1263 and 1270 or slightly later) in the chapel of St. Symeon Nemanja in the monastery church of the Holy Trinity at Sopoćani (Raška dist.) in Serbia:


l) as depicted (expandable grayscale image) in the late thirteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1295) by Eutychios and Michael Astrapas in the church of the Peribleptos (now Sv. Kliment Ohridski) in Ohrid:


m) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1308 and ca. 1320) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the church of St. Nicetas the Goth (Sv. Nikita) at Čučer in today's Čučer-Sandevo in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:


n) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century mosaics (ca. 1312) in the parecclesion (now a museum) of the former church of the Pammakaristos (Fethiye camii) in Istanbul:


o) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1312-1321) in the altar area of the monastery church of the Theotokos at Gračanica in, depending on one's view of the matter, Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo:


Detail view:


p) as depicted (at lower right) in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1313 and 1318; conservation work in 1968) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the altar area of the church of St. George in Staro Nagoričane in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:


q) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1313 and 1320) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the King's Church (dedicated to Sts. Joachim and Anne) in the Studenica monastery near Kraljevo (Raška dist.) in Serbia:


r) as depicted (at left in the panel at upper left) in an earlier fourteenth-century pictorial menologion from Thessaloniki (betw. 1322 and 1340; Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Gr. th. f. 1, fol. 17v):


s) as depicted (in the miracle of the two brothers and the lake that became a stream) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of books 9-16 of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1335; Paris, BnF, ms. Arsenal 5080, fol. 188v):


t) as twice depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (between 1335 and 1350) in the church of the Holy Ascension in the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć in, depending upon one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:

1) in the altar area:


2) in a November calendar portrait in the narthex:


u) as depicted (in the miracle of the two brothers and the lake that became a stream) in a later-fourteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1370-1380; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 15941, fol. 62v):


v) as depicted (upper register at far right) in the late fourteenth-century frescoes (1389; restored in the early 1970s) in the monastery church of St. Andrew at Matka in Skopje's municipality of Karpoš:


w) as twice depicted (in the segment at left: as the student Theodore, listening along with his brother St. Athenodorus to their teacher Origen; in the segment at right: as bishop Gregory in the miracle of the two brothers and the lake that became a stream) in a later fifteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1463; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 51, fol. 27v):



John Dillon


To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME

to: [log in to unmask]

To send a message to the list, address it to:

[log in to unmask]

To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion

to: [log in to unmask]

In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:

[log in to unmask]

For further information, visit our web site:


Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools

RSS Feeds and Sharing

Advanced Options


May 2022
April 2022
March 2022
February 2022
January 2022
December 2021
November 2021
October 2021
September 2021
August 2021
July 2021
June 2021
May 2021
April 2021
March 2021
February 2021
January 2021
December 2020
November 2020
October 2020
September 2020
August 2020
July 2020
June 2020
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
February 2020
January 2020
December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996

JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

For help and support help@jisc.ac.uk

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager