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Subject:

Re: Temperance drink maps

From:

Richard Oliver <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

A forum for issues related to map & spatial data librarianship <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 22 Oct 2018 22:22:22 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (227 lines)

The followinghas been extractd from the online Catalogue of British
Town Maps (http://townmaps.data.history.ac.uk), compiled by Roger Kain
& myself: the five-figure numbers are the identifying numbers in the
CBTM catalogue:

Bilston, Staffs
 1892.c - Drink map, 1:2500 - Exeter 20791

Birkenhead, Cheshire
 1899 - E. Griffith [author, pr, pb], Birkenhead Vigilance Committee
[pb]: drink map, 1:10,560 - Exeter 20018

Cambridge
 1890 - Drink map, 1:4500 - Exeter 21184. This is a version of an
advertising map: G. Gibbons & Co., Leicester [pr], Borough & County
Advertising Co. [pb]. Drink version only: Public houses and beer
houses [red disk], grocers and wine licenses and breweries [red
square]: note at bottom that as these symbols are of uniform size, 'so
that in some streets it has been difficult to insert them quite in
their proper positions'. Round map, on the advertising version only:
44 advertisers. - CUL Maps.bb.53(2).89.7 [1890.c]; Cambridge City
Library 1890.B.[drink map]; Maps.bb.53(2).89.8 [1895: Stephens &
Mackintosh].

Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
 1882 - Sprauge [lith]: drink map, 1:5280 - Exeter 22571

Kings Lynn, Norfolk
 1892 - Foster & Bird [lith], Kings Lynn Vigilance Committee [pb]:
drink map, 1:3564 - Exeter 22717 - Letterpress explanatory text on
right: 1 licensed house for every 100 persons; 1 house out of every 22
is licensed, '!!!'. - Licensed houses: fully licensed (disc), beer
houses (solid triangle), Spirit Dealers (SD), Grocers with spirit
licence (SG), Grocers selling wine in bottle (W).

London
 1900 - Edward Stanford: places of worship, schools & public houses,
1:10,560 [H.313] - Exeter 18546

Norwich
(Three of them!!)
1878 - W. Ratcliff [author], U.K.A. [pb]: drink map, 1:9504 - Exeter
22730 - U.K.A. (Norwich Auxiliary) [pb]: Letterpress remarks by United
Kingdom Alliance on back. Total of 655: beer houses by star, full
licensed houses by red dot, breweries red. Norwich Library Box XIII
has an 1892 version: published by Norfolk and Norwich Gospel
Temperance Union, same base-map, red plate redrawn, now 631 licensed
houses.
 1886 - B.B. Morgan [lith]: drink map, 1:15,840 - Exeter 22579 - 'Map
showing Public Houses in Norwich, 1886.'; no letterpress:
 1892 - Norfolk & Norwich Gospel Temperance Union: drink map, 1:9504 -
Exeter 22730 – cf above.

Oxford
 1883 - Drink map, 1:6336 - Exeter 22143 - Very basic: just streets
and red point-symbols, with letterpress on the back. The latter bears
a striking resemblance to that on the Sheffield drink map (part of
Exeter 19894): 'The "Drink Map" of Oxford makes bare the fact that
few, if any, other towns in the kingdom are so liberally supplied with
houses for the sale of intoxicants as this ancient city. Every
twenty-second house in Oxford is a drink-shop, being at least fifty
per cent. in excess of the average number throughout the country. The
fair fame of Oxford is greatly tarnished by the effects of this
over-supply of drink. Churches and chapels are plentiful, with
ministers and Sunday-school teachers actively at work. Temperance and
philanthropic societies are zealously striving to counteract the
pernicious effects of drink. In spite of the efforts put forth by the
Church and every other agency for good, there is an appalling amount
of misery. Drunkenness abounds in our midst, and its attendant evils,
crime and pauperism, are ever calling for attention. Can this be
wondered at, seeing we have upwards of three hundred places licensed
by law for the sale of strong drink?' Goes on to give the economic
effects, and repeats the arguments that licences are granted, not
renewed. Price 2d; also available on cartridge paper for 6d. Legend
says that there are 143 fully licensed houses, 125 beer houses, 7
breweries, and 44 other licences. - Fully licensed houses (red disc),
beer houses (star), breweries (red filled square), other licences (red
filled triangle). - Bodleian Library C17:70 Oxford (7), G.A.Oxon
c.41(81).

Sheffield
 Pawson & Brailsford: Sheffield, 1:12,000, ?1883: used in 1883
accompanying report of February 1883, with multi-colour overprint of
sewage districts & sewers. Also ised for: Drink map of the town of
Sheffield, shewing at a glance the number & situation of licensed
houses of all kinds within the borough, 68.3 x 53.7 cm. This has
printed on the back a title, 'Map of the town of Sheffield with the
licensed public-houses, beer-shops, grocers & other licenses, marked
thereon.', published by Brewster Sessions Committee, Temperance Hall,
Sheffield, 1884. There is also a long letterpress section, stating
that licences only run for 12 months, and rather than be renewed, in
law a new licence is applied for and granted. It is calculated that
1,050,000 pounds is spent annually in Sheffield on drink, for a
population of about 300,000: there are 1260 on- and 630 off-licences
in the town.

Stockport, Cheshire
 1880 - G. Fell [author], James Watson [lith], Gospel Temperance Union
[pb]: drink map, 1:6336 - Exeter 19297 - 'DRINK MAP OF STOCKPORT.
Giving a bird's-eye view of the chief cause of the misery, poverty,
and crime in the town.'; 'Dedicated to the thoughtful attention of all
who wish the welfare of the Borough, and especially of the Licensing
Bench of Magistrates.'; recorded from monochrome photocopy, thereby
losing the intoxicating effect of the overprint.

Thetford, Norfolk
 1890 - Public houses, 1:15,000 - Exeter 22734

The originals of all of these are in local collections similar to
Birmingham, so a student of them has a bit of travelling around to do!
I suspect that the ones listed so far in this thread may just be
scratching the surface, but I do wonder whether there is a particular
concentration in eastern England?

Richard Oliver



On Thu, 18 Oct 2018 at 22:51, Richard Abbott <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
>
> The Library of Birmingham (Archives and Collections) has:
>
> Drink plan of Coventry shewing fully licensed houses .... chapels and churches [with inset on drink by the Coventry Temperance Society].  1885.
> (Finding no. 79467).
>
> There is a similar map of Birmingham, not actually called a drink map:
>
> Map of licensed houses ....Birmingham .... copied from a map prepared by the City Surveyor. 1891.
> (Finding no. 149421)
>
> There are further details of the Birmingham map on the Library of Birmingham online CALM catalogue. The Coventry map appears only in a card catalogue available in the library.
>
> Both maps show the locations of licensed premises by dots of various colours.
>
> Richard Abbott
> Ex Library of Birmingham
>
>
>
> Sent from my iPad
>
> > On 18 Oct 2018, at 12:18, Farrell, William J.B. (Dr.) <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> >
> > Dear Nick Millea,
> >
> > The Leicestershire & District Temperance Union published at least one for Leicester. A copy is held in the County Record Office:
> >
> > Description    L912. Drink Map of Leicester. In covers. 1886.
> > Date    1886
> > Access Status    Open
> >
> > Kind regards,
> >
> > William Farrell
> >
> > University Library,
> > University of Leicester
> >
> > t: +44 (0)116 252 2018
> > e:  [log in to unmask]
> > w: https://www2.le.ac.uk/library/for/researchers
> > w: https://journals.le.ac.uk
> >
> >
> >
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: A forum for issues related to map & spatial data librarianship [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Nick Millea
> > Sent: 18 October 2018 10:06
> > To: [log in to unmask]
> > Subject: Temperance drink maps
> >
> > Dear Lis-Mappers,
> >
> > We are helping a US-based researcher who is working on a project on late-C19 temperance-published "drink maps" of various British cities.
> >
> > To date, she has identified maps for London, Manchester, Norwich, Oxford and Sheffield.
> >
> > Are there any more out there?
> >
> > Can you let us know if you are aware of any others?
> >
> > Thanks in advance,
> > Nick
> >
> > _____________________________________________________
> >
> > Nick Millea
> >
> > Map Librarian, Bodleian Library, Broad Street, Oxford, OX1 3BG
> > Tel:      01865 287119
> > Email:  [log in to unmask]
> >
> > Web: http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/maps
> >
> > Talking Maps – Summer Exhibition
> > Weston Library, Oxford: July-November 2019 _____________________________________________________
> >
> >
> >
> >
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-- 
Richard Oliver, BA, DPhil, FBCartS, FRGS
10 Second Avenue, Heavitree, Exeter, EX1 2PN
Research Associate, College of Life & Environmental Sciences,
University of Exeter

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