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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  May 1997

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION May 1997

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Subject:

Re: LATE ROMAN & EARLY MEDIEVAL THEATRE

From:

"James A. Brundage" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

[log in to unmask]

Date:

Fri, 02 May 1997 07:01:02 -0500 (UTC -5:00)

Content-Type:

text/plain

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Dear Mr. Ault,

        That's quite a list!  It will take a bit of effort to track all of
them down. Here are a few suggestions that may help:

For the African councils see _Concilia Africae A. 345-A.525_, ed. Charles
Munier, Corpus Christianorum, series Latina, vol. 149 (Turnhout:  Brepols,
1974).

For the French councils see _Concilia Galliae A. 314-506_, ed. Charles
Munier, Corpus Christianorum, series Latina, vol. 148 (Turnhout:  Brepols,
1963) and _Concilia Galliae A. 511-695_ ed. C. de Clercq, Corpus
Christianorum, series Latina, vol. 148A (Turnhout:  Brepols, 1963).

For the Spanish councils see _Concilios Visigóticos e Hispano-Romanos_, ed.
José Vives, et al., España cristiana, vol. 1 (Madrid-Barcelona:  Consejo
Superior de Investigaciones Científicos, 1963).

As for the Council of Clovesho in 747 see _Councils and Ecclesiastical
Documents relating to Great Britain and Ireland_, ed. A. W. Haddan and W.
Stubbs, 3 vols.(Oxford:  Clarendon Press, 1869-78; repr. 1964), vol. 3.

        Good luck!

                                        JAB


At 10:27 AM 5/1/97 -0500, CTAULT wrote:
>Dear M.R. Friends,
>     We know very little about theatre and performance during the
>latter period of the Roman Empire, and even less about the so
>called "Dark Ages".  Various sources cite a few names and events,
>but usually go no further than that.  
>     I have compiled the following list of events and people
>which I would like to investigate.  Can anyone provide me with
>sources for these items?  Can anyone add to the list?  I realize
>that this is a lot to ask all at once, but I would be extremely
>grateful for any help I can get.
>-----------------------------------------------------------------
>
>EDICTS OF THE CHURCH REGARDING ACTORS AND ACTING.
>
>A.D.
>300  Something (Synod? Council?) at Elvira.
>3l4  Council of Aries.
>34l-38l  Laedicean Council.
>397  Council of Carthage.
>398  Fourth Council at Carthage.
>397  African Church decree.
>
>St. John Chrysostom preached very strong sermons against the
>theatre, as did Tertullien and Lactantius.
>
>40l  Fifth Council of Carthage.
>452  Second Synod of Arras.
>506  Council of Agde.
>6l0  Council of Bishop of Bracara.
>692  Councilman Trullanun at Constantinople.
>7th  Council of Isadore of Seville.
>742  Synodus Francica.
>747  Second Council of Cloveshow in Mercia.
>787  Synod of Nicasa.
>800-8l4  Charlemagne's laws.
>8l3  Synod Turonensis (Tours).  There were others this same year.
>829  Coucilium Parisiense.
>847  Councilius Moguntinum.
>890  Councilius Manetenso.
>
>Thus, civil and ecclesiastical authorities continually recognized
>the existence of actors and performers by edict, but what were
>these edicts?  What can we learn from them about performance and
>theatre at this time?  
>
>Many prominent churchmen defended theatre and performers.  For
>example:
>
>St. Augustine loved the theatre in youth and defended it later in
>his _City of God_ as an important medium of education.  Does he
>mention theatre elsewhere?
>
>Choricius, (ca. 530 A.D.) made an important defense of actors. 
>This is the last positive mention of actors in the classical
>period.  What was his defense?
>
>The Emperor Justinian, is said to have closed the theatres but
>the Empress Theodora was a mime actress, rather complicating
>things.  The ambivalence towards Theatre and players  is, perhaps
>summed up by noting that the state (Byzantium), who still
>regarded itself as heir to Rome (if not a continuation of Rome,
>itself), considered support of the theatre as a part of state
>functions, and included it in state festivals, replete with the
>emperor, himself, giving the imperial blessing from the royal
>box.  The Church seems to have made some accommodation, here, but
>what was it?
>     
>Are there other Church-men (-women?) who should be added to this
>list?
>
>I am told that two divergent sects of Christianity are supposed
>to have used drama and/or mime in their worship and were
>excommunicated for it.  Who were they?  How did they use these
>dramatic forms?  What were the grounds for excommunication?
>-----------------------------------------------------------------
>
>Thank you very much,
>
>C. Thomas Ault
>Theatre Department
>Indian University of Pennsylvania
>Indiana, Pa. 15707, USA
>E-Mail: [log in to unmask]
>Phone: 412-357-2169
>FAX: 412-357-7899
>
James A. Brundage
History & Law
University of Kansas
[log in to unmask]



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