JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for PHD-DESIGN Archives


PHD-DESIGN Archives

PHD-DESIGN Archives


PHD-DESIGN@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

PHD-DESIGN Home

PHD-DESIGN Home

PHD-DESIGN  May 2019

PHD-DESIGN May 2019

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

Re: A definition of design must also exclude as well as include

From:

Ken Friedman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

PhD-Design - This list is for discussion of PhD studies and related research in <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 30 May 2019 23:33:08 +0200

Content-Type:

multipart/alternative

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (53 lines) , Definition Design OED & MW 2015 .pdf (53 lines)

Dear All,

Lubomir Popov’s comment on dictionaries and the difference between defining words and defining terms make good sense. Even so, there is some value in reviewing the definitions available in dictionaries that serve scientific and scholarly purposes.

The Oxford English Dictionary permits us to examine the use and nuances of the word “design” as verb, noun, and compound noun. For each, it provides usage exemplars that shed light on how the word is used in many contexts.

Attached to this post is a .pdf transcript of the word “design” in the Oxford English Dictionary and in Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. The Oxford English Dictionary is the greatest and most authoritative dictionary of the English language. While it defines words in their largest and most general sense, it also offers the narrow definitions that scientists, scholars, and researchers require in specific contexts. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary is the desk dictionary most widely used by editors at academic publishing firms, university presses, and journals. [See attachment.]

Lubomir is right to state that defining words is different from defining terms and concepts. There has been little of this work in the design fields and disciplines. From time to time, however, selected articles have offered useful analytical discussions on the meanings of the word “design,” defining the word and attempting to clarify concepts. 

Unfortunately, these have been far outnumbered by confusing and opinionated articles, some quite silly. In my view, the very strangest was an attempt by a non-English scholar to analyse the word “design” in an article that pointed to the phrase “intelligent design” to claim that the word “design” has theological roots. For those who are not aware of the creationist debate, the term “intelligent design” is used by advocates of the religious doctrine known as creation science to argue for the account of creation that appears in Genesis 1:1-31 and 2:1-23. The doctrine of creation science posits the Genesis account against the theory of evolution, and the concept of intelligent design plays a part in the argument supporting the Genesis account. The article analysing the word design made the mistaken — and anachronistic — claim that the recent term “intelligent design” gave a theological meaning to the far earlier formation of the word “design.” While this article sticks in my mind as especially far-fetched, other articles put forward equally problematic assertions on the meaning, etymology, and history of the word and its use.

In my view, our field would benefit from a serious formal analysis of the word “design” with careful analytical notes and documented usage exemplars. That, in turn, would lead to the possibility of a formal terminology with related concepts of the kind that Lubomir advocates. The formal terminology would probably have limited uses, but these might inform better informed concepts and richer inquiry. Even so, as Thea Blacker noted, this won’t change the way that most people use the word “design.” The word is used in too many ways across different fields, disciplines, nations, cultures, and languages for a formal terminology to change broad usage. Even so, a formal analysis would be useful.   

It would be a real service for someone to write an article of this kind.

Once again, if someone were to write such an article, She Ji would be eager to publish it. 

Yours,

Ken

Ken Friedman, Ph.D., D.Sc. (hc), FDRS | Editor-in-Chief | 设计 She Ji. The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation | Published by Tongji University in Cooperation with Elsevier | URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/she-ji-the-journal-of-design-economics-and-innovation/ <http://www.journals.elsevier.com/she-ji-the-journal-of-design-economics-and-innovation/>

Chair Professor of Design Innovation Studies | College of Design and Innovation | Tongji University | Shanghai, China ||| Email  [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]> | Academia http://swinburne.academia.edu/KenFriedman <http://swinburne.academia.edu/KenFriedman> | D&I http://tjdi.tongji.edu.cn <http://tjdi.tongji.edu.cn/> 







--

Ken Friedman, Ph.D., D.Sc. (hc), FDRS | Editor-in-Chief | 设计 She Ji. The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation | Published by Tongji University in Cooperation with Elsevier | URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/she-ji-the-journal-of-design-economics-and-innovation/

Chair Professor of Design Innovation Studies | College of Design and Innovation | Tongji University | Shanghai, China ||| Email  [log in to unmask] | Academia http://swinburne.academia.edu/KenFriedman | D&I http://tjdi.tongji.edu.cn 








-----------------------------------------------------------------
PhD-Design mailing list  <[log in to unmask]>
Discussion of PhD studies and related research in Design
Subscribe or Unsubscribe at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/phd-design
-----------------------------------------------------------------


Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager