I've always recommended to non-DP-expert project leads to "forget" whether parties to an agreement are joint controllers, controllers in common or processors until *after* they have worked out who is responsible for what/who has authority to make what decisions. Otherwise you could end up in an endless circular argument. The basic explanation I use in health is:
Controller in common e.g. commissioner, can determine who the provider is, i.e. who else controls or processes data, has no access to individuals' care records.
Joint controller, e.g. care provider in other setting, both working for same purpose (direct care), making decisions about care based on information from each other (even if only referral letters/no direct share of records)
Processor, e.g. records system provider. We tell them what to do (well, we try with some of them), they have no authority over/input into care decision or right of access to individuals' care records, etc.
Once you have decided who is doing what, a legal definition should be a bit clearer if you absolutely have to have one. I think GDPR is much clearer than DPA on responsibilities, which is nice.
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