JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  October 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION October 2016

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

FEAST - A Saint for the Day (Oct. 31): St. Quintinus (Quentin) of Vermand

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 31 Oct 2016 05:30:43 +0000

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (125 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Quintinus of Vermand (Quintin, Quentin; d. late 3d cent., supposedly) is the martyr of today's Saint-Quentin (Aisne) in Picardy.  His cult there is already recorded by St. Gregory of Tours in the sixth century.  The earliest of his many legendary Passiones (BHL 6999-7012) is commonly dated to the eighth century.  According to this account, Quintinus, the son of a senator, was a Christian inhabitant of Rome who had traveled to northern Gaul as a missionary.  During a persecution under Maximianus he was arrested on the orders of a Roman official named Rictiovarus or Rictius Varus (the villain of numerous Passiones from northern Francia) and was cruelly tortured in various ways: of these, the one most frequently depicted in the later Middle Ages was having iron nails and iron stakes driven into his body.   Quintinus' sufferings ended when he was decapitated at Augusta Viromanduorum, a Roman-period predecessor of Saint-Quentin thought to underlie the modern city's outlying _canton_ of Vermand.  His body was then secretly deposited in the river Somme, where it remained incorrupt for about fifty-five years until its miraculous discovery by a Roman matron named Eusebia.  Thus far BHL 6999.

Other accounts relate the translation of Quintinus' remains over a century later to a basilica where their location came in time to be forgotten and their subsequent rediscovery by St. Eligius in the seventh century.  One may read about the latter finding in Jo Ann McNamara's English-language translation of Dado of Rouen's Life of St. Eligius (scroll down to II, 6):
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/eligius.html
Excursus: one thing that Dado does not tell us is how St. Eligius (Éloi) advised Dagobert I on matters pertaining to the king's wardrobe (or perhaps he did tell us but it's in one of the lacunae).  For that, one has to go to the song "Le bon roi Dagobert":
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_bon_roi_Dagobert_%28song%29
An illustrated, French-language summary of Quintinus' legend is here (better views of the illuminations are linked to in "images", below):
http://stqvillhist.free.fr/068Legende.htm

Today (31. October) is Quintinus' feast day in the diocese of Soissons, Laon, and Saint-Quentin.  It is also his feast day in Alliste (LE) in Apulia (where his cult is attested since the mid-fifteenth century and where he is the civic patron as well) and his day of commemoration in the Roman Martyrology.


Some period-pertinent images of St. Quintinus of Vermand (the suffix differentiates him from St. Quintinus of Meaux):

a) as depicted in a late eleventh or early twelfth-century copy of a _Vita et miracula s. Quintini_ (Saint-Quentin, Bibliothèque Guy de Maupassant; ms. Église Saint-Quentin 1):
1) leaving Rome with eleven companions (p. 9):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106546-p.jpg
Detail view (Q. and companions):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106548-p.jpg
2) preaching in Amiens (p. 20):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106560-p.jpg
3) administering baptisms (p. 23):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106562-p.jpg
4) undergoing arrest (p. 36):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106580-p.jpg
5) taken in chains to Augusta Viromanduorum, where he is brought before Rictiovarus (p. 38):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106582-p.jpg
6) undergoing torture; liberated by an angel (pp. 41-42??):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106557-p.jpg
7) undergoing further torture (p. 43):
http://tinyurl.com/oana8xu
8) praying to God; suffering decapitation (pp. 44-45):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106591-p.jpg
Detail view (Q. praying):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht7/IRHT_106592-p.jpg

b) as depicted (martyrdom) in a late thirteenth-century copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA, Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol. 149r; upper image):
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/ds/huntington/images//000911A.jpg

c) as depicted (martyrdom) in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 82v):
http://tinyurl.com/yl3ex6n

d) as depicted (at left; at center, St. Michael the Archangel; at right, St. Romanus of Rouen) in an earlier fourteenth-century glass window (w. 309; before 1325) in the cathédrale Saint-Pierre in Beauvais:
http://therosewindow.com/pilot/Beauvais/w309-whole.htm

e) as depicted (martyrdom) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1326-1350; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 185, fol. 266r):
http://tinyurl.com/ygf2dot

f) as depicted (three scenes) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of books 9-16 of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1335; Paris, BnF, ms. Arsenal 5080):
1) leaving Rome with fellow missionaries (fol. 268v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b7100627v/f542.item.zoom
2) martyrdom (fol. 269r):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b7100627v/f543.item.zoom
3) his body discovered by Eusebia (fol. 269v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b7100627v/f544.item.zoom

g) as depicted (martyrdom) in a later-fourteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1370-1380; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 15941, fol. 116v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8449688c/f240.item.zoom

h) as depicted in semi-grisaille (martyrdom) in a late fourteenth-century copy of part of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1396; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 313, fol. 254v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b84557843/f514.image.zoom

i) as depicted (martyrdom) in a late fourteenth- or early fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ (Rennes, Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, ms. 266, fol. 300r):
http://tinyurl.com/jc9z5sw

j) as depicted (left-hand column; martyrdom) in the early fifteenth-century Hours of René of Anjou (ca. 1405-1410; London, BL, Egerton MS 1070, fol. 103v; image zoomable):
http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/ILLUMIN.ASP?Size=mid&IllID=4837
http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/ILLUMINBig.ASP?size=big&IllID=48373

k) as depicted (martyrdom) in an early fifteenth-century copy of the _Elsässische Legenda aurea_ (1419; Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. Pal. germ. 144, fol. 173r): 
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cpg144/0361

l) as depicted (martyrdom) in the earlier fifteenth-century Hours of Jacques Cauchon and Jeanne Bohais (ca. 1440), one of the items in the Arcana Collection announced for sale at an auction at Christie's on 7. July 2010:
http://blog.pecia.fr/public/.cauchon_3_m.jpg

m) as depicted (at right, martyrdom; at left, St. Sebastian) by André Robin and workshop in a mid-fifteenth-century glass window (w. 115; 1450s) in the north transept of the cathédrale Saint-Maurice in Angers:
http://therosewindow.com/pilot/Angers/w115-B.htm

n) as depicted in grisaille (martyrdom) in a mid-fifteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1455; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 309, fol. 213v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b105295945/f434.item.zoom

o) as depicted in the Suffrages of a later fifteenth-century book of hours from Bruges (ca. 1460; Baltimore, The Walters Art Museum, Walters Ms. w.197, fol. 22v):
http://tinyurl.com/jr9kmwq

p) as twice depicted (at left, martyrdom; at right, his body discovered by Eusebia) in a later fifteenth-century copy from Bruges of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay followed by the _Festes nouvelles_ attributed to Jean Golein (ca. 1460-1470; Mâcon, Médiathèque municipale, ms. 3, fol. 11v):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht6/IRHT_095318-p.jpg

q) as depicted (martyrdom) in a later fifteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1463; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 51, fol. 87r):
http://tinyurl.com/ygzn4lh

r) as depicted on three painted panels of a late fifteenth-century winged altarpiece (ca. 1480-1500) in the kostol sv. Vavrinca in Revúca (Banská Bystrica Region), Slovakia:
1) appearing before Rictiovarus:
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7013376.JPG
2) being stripped and then flogged:
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7013378.JPG
3) his funeral:
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7013380.JPG

s) as depicted in semi-grisaille (martyrdom) in the Suffrages of a late fifteenth-century book of hours from the southern Netherlands (Mons?; ca. 1490-1500; Baltimore, The Walters Art Museum, Walters ms. W.431, fol. 111r):
http://tinyurl.com/pacqaz4

t) as depicted (martyrdom) in the Suffrages of an early sixteenth-century book of hours from the southern Netherlands (Cambrai?; ca. 1500-1510; Den Haag, KB, ms. 76 F 20, fol. 176v):
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_76f20%3A176v

u) as depicted (martyrdom) in the Suffrages of another early sixteenth-century book of hours from the southern Netherlands (ca. 1500-1510; Den Haag, KB, ms. 133 E 14, fol. 60r):
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_133e14%3A060r

v) as depicted (martyrdom) by Jacopo Pontormo on an early sixteenth-century canvas processional banner (1517) in the Pinacoteca comunale of Sansepolcro (AR) in Tuscany:
http://tinyurl.com/qzhll8q

Best,
John Dillon
**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager