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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  July 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION July 2016

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Subject:

FEAST - A Saint for the Day (July 6): St. Goar

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 6 Jul 2016 05:03:04 +0000

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Goar (d. 7th cent.?) is first documented from 765, when Pepin III gave to the abbot of Prüm in the Eifel a _cella sancti Goaris_ in the diocese of Trier near today's Oberwesel (Lkr. Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis) in Rheinland-Pfalz.  His later eighth-century Vita by a monk of Prüm (BHL 3565) makes him a native of Aquitaine who was ordained priest by a bishop of Trier and who with that worthy's permission settled down as an hermit in the vicinity of Oberwesel, where he built a cell and a church, celebrated Mass every day but Friday, recited the psalter in its entirety, was kind to pilgrims, declined appointment to the see of Trier, and died on this day in an unspecified year.  An earlier ninth-century Vita et Miracula by Wandalbert of Prüm rewrites the original and adds numerous miracles attesting to Goar's efficacy (BHL 3566).  From the at least the ninth century onward Goar was also celebrated at Trier.

Goar is the eponym of two towns in Rheinland-Pfalz: Sankt Goar, the town that grew up next to his cult site, and Sankt Goarshausen on the opposite bank of the Rhine. Herewith a few illustrated, German-language pages on the originally mid-fifteenth-century former Stiftskirche St. Goar in Sankt Goar (now a Lutheran parish church), re-worked in the nineteenth century and incorporating the crypt of its late eleventh-century predecessor:
http://tinyurl.com/nrp3kv
http://tinyurl.com/2fey4uq
http://tinyurl.com/zgja5fw

Exterior views:
http://tinyurl.com/z3ckcwz
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/96594279.jpg
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/57379534.jpg
http://www.emporis.com/images/show/701343-Large.jpg
http://www.weinkonvent-st-goar.de/images/Stiftskirche-Nordseite-300.jpg

Interior views:
http://tinyurl.com/8xyz5zc
http://www.welterbe-atlas.de/uploads/pics/evangelische-stiftskirche-st-goar_01.JPG
http://www.welterbe-mittelrheintal.de/uploads/pics/st_goar_a_1.jpg
http://tinyurl.com/jns5twb
http://travelswithsheila.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/collegiate-church.jpg
http://travelswithsheila.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/collegiate-church-2.jpg
The paintings in those last four views are dated to between 1469 and 1489.  They had been whitewashed over and were discovered in the early twentieth century.

Today is Goar's feast day in the deanery named for him in the diocese of Trier and his day of commemoration in the Roman Martyrology.


Some period-pertinent images of St. Goar:

a) Mounted on what is now the belltower of the late nineteenth-century Catholic Pfarrkirche St. Goar und St. Elisabeth in Sankt Goar is a large boss portraying the saint and presumed to have come from the predecessor of the fifteenth-century Stiftskirche.
1) Before the restoration of 2008:
http://drakkin.com/Koln/St-Goar/relief.jpg
http://tinyurl.com/29qk4jc
2) After restoration:
http://travelswithsheila.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Pfarrkirche-old-tower.jpg
http://www.st-goar.de/files/01-hl_goar-schlussstein.jpg
http://www.kath-kirche-stgoar.de/files/goar-1.jpg

b) In the second quarter of the fourteenth century Goar's remains were translated to a raised tomb in the Stiftskirche's originally eleventh-century crypt. This tomb, though apparently not the relics within, survived the Reformation. It is said to have been broken in the later fifteenth century when the crypt was being provided with an exterior door for the use of soldiers who were to be housed therein. When in 1660 the town's newly built Catholic Pfarrkirche was consecrated the effigy cover of the tomb was brought into it from the Stiftskirche. It now is mounted on a wall above a side altar in that church's late nineteenth-century Neo-Gothic successor:
http://tinyurl.com/zfpdyrg
https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/Fotos/Goar2.jpg

c) Goar as depicted in one of the Stiftskirche's few surviving medieval glass windows (ca. 1450):
http://tinyurl.com/naycuh4

d) Goar as depicted in a later fifteenth-century boss (ca. 1469) in the Stiftskirche:
http://www.bildindex.de/obj20079493.html#|home
http://tinyurl.com/jjxjn7s

e) Goar as depicted in a restored later fifteenth-century vault painting in the Stiftskirche (betw. 1469 and 1489):
http://tinyurl.com/oyaytn9

f) Goar (at bottom left) as depicted in a hand-colored woodcut in the Beloit College copy of Hartmann Schedel's late fifteenth-century _Weltchronik_ (_Nuremberg Chronicle_; 1493) at fol. CLIv:
https://www.beloit.edu/nuremberg/book/6th_age/left_page/54%20(Folio%20CLIv).pdf

Best,
John Dillon
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