JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  July 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION July 2016

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

Re: FEAST - A Saint for the Day (July 29): St. Martha of Bethany

From:

Gordon Plumb <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 29 Jul 2016 11:12:10 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (168 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

With the Tarasque in glass of 1381-2 in the parish church at Old Warden in Bedfordshire - the other figure in this window is the abbot of Warden Abbey who gave the glass:

https://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/2283530885

Gordon Plumb

-----Original Message-----
From: John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>
To: MEDIEVAL-RELIGION <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Fri, Jul 29, 2016 9:27 am
Subject: [M-R] FEAST - A Saint for the Day (July 29): St. Martha of Bethany

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Martha, the sister of Mary of Bethany and of Lazarus of Bethany, appears three times in the Gospels, at Luke 10:38-42, John 11:1-44, and John 12:1-3.  In a medieval legend popular in the Latin West, e.g. in her late twelfth- or early thirteenth-century Vita by pseudo-Marcilia (BHL 5545-5546) or in Jacopo da Varazze's abbreviation in his later thirteenth-century _Legenda aurea_, cap. 105, she accompanied Mary Magdalene (understood to be the same person as Mary of Bethany) and Lazarus to Provence and was active there as a missionary before dying at, and being buried at, Tarascon, the town she had freed from a man-eating monster (called, in modern French, la Tarasque).


Some period-pertinent images of St. Martha of Bethany:

I. -- without the Tarasque

a) as depicted (left of center, at the Raising of Lazarus; beneath her, Mary of Bethany) in the later tenth-century Codex Egberti, a book of Gospel pericopes (ca. 980; Trier, Stadtbibliothek, Ms. 24, fol. 52v):
http://tinyurl.com/q4onjkd 

b) as portrayed in a twelfth-century statue (prob. 1140s; perh. late 1160s or 1170s) from the now destroyed tomb of St. Lazarus in the église (later, cathédrale; now basilique cathédrale) Saint-Lazare at Autun and now in the very nearby Musée Rolin:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/28433765@N07/15482748680/ 
Detail view:
http://tinyurl.com/o44wmfs

c) as depicted (wearing a dark robe contrasting with Mary Magdalene's red one; two scenes: the Meal at Bethany and the Raising of Lazarus) in an earlier thirteenth-century psalter for the Use of Paris (betw. 1200 and 1225; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition latine 1392, fol. 6v):
http://tinyurl.com/26n9w46

d) as depicted in an earlier thirteenth-century lectionary of German origin (vicinity of Halle; ca. 1220-1230; New York, The Morgan Library and Museum, Morgan MS M.299, fol. 128r):
http://ica.themorgan.org/manuscript/page/12/77426

e) as depicted (at center, standing; beneath her, in bright red, Mary Magdalene) by Duccio di Buoninsegna in an early fourteenth-century panel painting (betw. 1308 and 1311; from the rear predella of his Maestà for the cathedral of Siena) in the Kimball Art Museum, Fort Worth:
http://www.wga.hu/art/d/duccio/maesta/predel_v/pre_v_9.jpg

f) as depicted (bas-de-page at far right, serving the Meal at Bethany; Mary seated on floor near Jesus' feet) in the earlier fourteenth-century Holkham Bible Picture Book (ca. 1327-1335; London, BL, Add MS 47682, fol. 25v):
http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer.aspx?ref=add_ms_47682_f025v

g) as depicted in two illuminations in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fols. 163r, 179r):
1) at left, with her siblings Mary (holding her unguent jar) and Lazarus of Bethany:
http://tinyurl.com/26fj3w5
2) at right, with Jesus:
http://tinyurl.com/qf2pa2h

h) as depicted (at right, in blue, wearing an apron and kneading dough; at left, in bright red, Mary Magdalene in a _Noli me tangere_ scene) by the Virgil Master in an earlier fifteenth-century copy of part of Augustine's _De civitate Dei_ in its French-language version by Raoul de Presles (ca. 1410-1412; Den Haag, Museum Meermanno, cod. 10 A 12, fol. 191r):
http://tinyurl.com/nqhtcg6
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_mmw_10a12%3A191r_min_2

i) as depicted (guiding pilgrims to an inn) in an early fifteenth-century copy of the _Elsässische Legenda aurea_ (1419; Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. Pal. germ. 144, fol. 41r):
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cpg144/0097

j) as depicted (top register, at far right, serving the Meal at Bethany while, further to the left, Mary anoints Jesus' feet) by Lukas Moser on his earlier fifteenth-century Magdalenenaltar (1432) in the St. Maria Magdalena Kirche at Tiefenbronn (Lkr. Enzkreis) in Baden-Württemberg:
http://tinyurl.com/nm5nngh

k) as depicted (wearing an apron and holding an aspergillum and a holy water bucket) in the earlier fifteenth-century Hours of Catherine of Cleves (ca. 1440; New York, The Pierpont Morgan Library, ms. M.917, p. 316; image greatly expandable):
http://www.themorgan.org/collection/hours-of-catherine-of-cleves/127#

l) as depicted (three times, in dark clothing contrasting with Mary Magdalene's bright red) by Nicholas Froment on all three panels of his later fifteenth-century Resurrection of Lazarus altarpiece (1461) in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence:
http://www.wga.hu/art/f/froment/lazar.jpg

m) as depicted (second from right, betw. St. Mary Magdalene and St. Maximinus; arriving at Marseille) by Giacomo d'Ivrea in his later fifteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1463) in the apse of the chiesa di Sainte-Marie-Magdeleine de Villa at Gressan (Val d'Aosta):
http://tinyurl.com/hpvhtj9

n) as portrayed (with penitents and holding a holy water bucket) in a late fifteenth-century statue from Schwaben in the Musée national du Moyen Âge (Musée de Cluny) in Paris:
http://tinyurl.com/ncd9vsd

o) as portrayed in relief on the cover of her late fifteenth-century "tombeau gothique" in the crypt of the collégiale Ste.-Marthe in Tarascon:
http://tinyurl.com/haohp3j
http://tinyurl.com/hb8b4r5
Detail view:
https://tbeartravels.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/27-martha.jpg

p) as depicted (in blue, wearing an apron; reproaching her sister Mary) in a late fifteenth-century copy of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1480-1490; Paris, BnF, ms, Français 245, fol. 12v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8425999d/f32.item.zoom

q) as depicted (wearing an apron and some keys and holding an aspergillum and a book) in the late fifteenth-century Isabella Breviary (ca. 1497; London, BL, Add. Ms. 18851, fol. 417r):
http://tinyurl.com/orwz9g3
Mis-en-page (greatly expandable):
http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer.aspx?ref=add_ms_18851_f417r

r) as portrayed (holding a holy water bucket and, probably, part of an aspergillum) in an earlier sixteenth-century statue (betw. 1500 and 1525), attributed to the Master of Chaource, in the église Sainte-Madeleine in Troyes:
http://tinyurl.com/nwgquq8


II. -- with the Tarasque

aa) as depicted (in an historiated initial "M") in a fourteenth-century copy, from the diocese of Girona, of a Catalan-language version of the _Legenda aurea_ (Paris, BnF, ms. Espagnol 4, fol. 150r [continue clicking on the image for increasingly higher resolution]):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b52506309k/f305.item.zoom

bb) as depicted in a pen-and-ink drawing (bas-de-page, at left) in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of Neapolitan origin of Paulinus of Venice, _Chronologia magna_ (after 1329; Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 4939, fol. 61r):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b55002483j/f129.item.zoom

cc) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century copy (ca. 1335) of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms. Arsenal 5080, fol. 95r):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b55000813g/f195.item.zoom

dd) as portrayed in relief (holding an aspergillum) in the later fourteenth-century capitals in the western gallery (ca. 1375) of the cloister of the basilique primatiale St.-Trophime in Arles:
http://jalladeauj.fr/claveyrolasprovence/page1/page2/files/page2-1039-full.html
Another view of the tarasque:
http://ekladata.com/Qp574SQ3m0N2OrQvF45vNqInQmM.jpg

ee) as depicted in a fifteenth-century panel painting, thought to be of Italian origin, in the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Chambéry:
http://i43.servimg.com/u/f43/11/53/59/59/sainte34.jpg

ff) as depicted (holding a cross) in an early fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay followed by the _Festes nouvelles_ attributed to Jean Golein (Paris, BnF, ms. Français 242, fol. 154r):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8426005j/f323.item.zoom

gg) as depicted (holding a cross) in the early fifteenth-century Châteauroux Breviary (ca. 1414; Châteauroux, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 2, fol. 254v):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht2/IRHT_054094-p.jpg

hh) as depicted in an earlier fifteenth-century missal for the Use of Aix-en-Provence (1424; Aix-en-Provence, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 11, p. 668):
http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht3/IRHT_069345-p.jpg

ii) as depicted (in an historiated initial "M") by the court workshop of Frederick III in a mid-fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ (1446-1447; Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cod. 326, fol. 142r):
http://tarvos.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/server/images/7006860.JPG

jj) as portrayed in a later fifteenth-century statue in the église Saint-Germain at Saint-Germain-le-Gaillard (Manche):
http://tinyurl.com/pbs7klh

kk) as depicted in a later fifteenth-century Book of Hours of French origin (betw. 1460 and 1480) in the Haggerty Museum of Art at Marquette University in Milwaukee:
http://tinyurl.com/njvloqh

ll)  as portrayed in relief (detail view at right) on the front of her late fifteenth-century "tombeau gothique" in the crypt of the collégiale Ste.-Marthe in Tarascon:
http://tinyurl.com/hxox4jj

mm) as depicted (holding a holy water bucket with an aspergillum) by Jean Poyer in the late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century so-called Hours of Henry VIII (New York, The Pierpont Morgan Library, ms. H.8, fol. 191v; image greatly expandable):
http://www.themorgan.org/collection/hours-of-henry-viii/54#

nn) as portrayed in relief (holding a mace-like aspergillum) in a late fifteenth- or early relief in sixteenth-century chapelle Ste.-Anne (betw. 1491 and 1518) in the priory of Chanteuges in Chanteuges (Haute-Loire):
http://tinyurl.com/zxawug9

oo) as depicted (at left, holding a holy water bucket and a cross; at right, St. Mary Magdalene) among the early sixteenth-century paintings (prob. ca. 1511-1512) of protectors of travelers, chapelle Notre-Dame de Benva, Lorgues (Var):
http://lorgues.free.fr/benva/ste-madeleine2.jpg
Detail view (Martha):
http://lorgues.free.fr/col-chapelles/benva-ste-marthe.jpg

pp) as depicted (holding a cross) in a panel of the early sixteenth-century Martha-Altar (1517) in the St.-Lorenz-Kirche in Nürnberg:
https://c1.staticflickr.com/9/8067/8200691220_001fffe53f_b.jpg

Best,
John Dillon
**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


WWW.JISCMAIL.AC.UK

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager