JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  July 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION July 2016

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

FEAST - A Saint for the Day (July 25): St. James the Great

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 25 Jul 2016 07:18:27 +0000

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (1 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture 
 
James (d. ca. 42) and his brother John, the sons of Zebedee, were Galilean fisherman along with Simon Peter.  They are prominent in gospel accounts of Jesus' ministry and always come early in lists of the Twelve Apostles.  According to Acts 12:1-2, James was martyred on the orders of Herod Agrippa I (reigned, 41-44).  The legend that he had evangelized parts of Spain is at least as old as the seventh century.  In the early ninth century James' sepulchre was "discovered" in Galicia at what is now Santiago de Compostela.  As is evidenced by its mention in the martyrology of Florus of Lyon (808-830), word of this event spread quickly.  By the tenth century people from abroad were making pilgrimages to his shrine and James was on his way to becoming a patron saint of pilgrims.  He is frequently represented in art with a pilgrim's hat and staff, often too with the seashell that was the special badge of those returning from Compostela. 
 
In Latin-rite churches and in others whose sanctoral calendars have been influenced by those of the Roman Rite today (25. July) is James' feast day.  Byzantine-rite churches celebrate him on 30. April.  
 
 
Some period-pertinent images of St. James the Great: 
 
a) as depicted in the very late fifth- or early sixth-century mosaics (betw. 494 and 519) in the Cappella Arcivescovile in Ravenna:  
https://www.flickr.com/photos/pelegrino/5779785736/  
  
b) as depicted (at center) in the earlier sixth-century mosaics (betw. 527 and 548) of the basilica di San Vitale in Ravenna:  
https://www.flickr.com/photos/33563858@N00/5222652208   
  
c) as depicted (fourth from left) in the earlier to mid-sixth-century mosaics of the presbytery arch (carefully restored, 1890-1900) in the Basilica Eufrasiana in Poreč:  
http://tinyurl.com/pb9p2af  
  
d) as portrayed in relief (at far left) on a leaf of the mid-tenth-century ivory Harbaville Triptych in the Musée du Louvre in Paris:  
http://tinyurl.com/qdsovlz  
 
e) as depicted (martyrdom) in the late tenth- or very early eleventh-century so-called Menologion of Basil II (Città del Vaticano, BAV, cod. Vat. gr. 1613, p. 185): 
http://tinyurl.com/hfnt3xs 
  
f) as depicted in the earlier eleventh-century mosaics (restored betw. 1953 and 1962) in the narthex of the church of the Theotokos in the monastery of Hosios Loukas near Distomo in Phokis:  
http://tinyurl.com/o8ujnz7  
 
g) as depicted (bottom register at far right; after St. Paul) in the mid-twelfth-century mosaics (ca. 1143) of the chiesa di Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (a.k.a. chiesa della Martorana) in Palermo:  
http://tinyurl.com/pohhre5  
http://tinyurl.com/ouzt3ts  
 
h) as depicted (lower register, center) in the mid-twelfth-century apse mosaics (completed in 1148) of the basilica cattedrale della Trasfigurazione in Cefalù:  
http://www.wga.hu/art/zgothic/mosaics/3cefalu/4cefalu.jpg  
 
i) as portrayed in high relief by Master Mateo on the trumeau of the later twelfth-century Pórtico de la Gloria (betw. 1168 and 1188) in the catedral de Santiago in Santiago de Compostela: 
http://tinyurl.com/zv8cguw  
 
j) as portrayed in relief (second from left; after St. Jude Thaddeus) by Anselmo da Campione in his Last Supper panel on the later twelfth-century parapet (_pontile_; ca. 1170-1180) in the cattedrale di San Geminiano in Modena:  
http://rubens.anu.edu.au/raid1/italy_december_2005_1/modena/duomo/interior/pontile/DSC00019.JPG  
 
k) as depicted in the later twelfth-century Ascension fresco (betw. 1176 and 1200) in St. George's Church in Staraya Ladoga (Leningrad oblast):  
http://www.icon-art.info/hires.php?lng=en&type=11&id=1436  
 
l) as portrayed in relief on the late twelfth-century portal (ca. 1190-1200) of the basilique primatiale Saint-Trophime in Arles:  
http://tinyurl.com/3u59z6z  
http://tinyurl.com/orr4xql  
 
m) as depicted in one of four panels of a full-page illumination in the late twelfth-century so-called Bible of Saint Bertin (ca. 1190-1200; Den Haag, KB, ms. 76 F 5, fol. 26v, sc. 2A): 
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_76f5%3A026v_min_a2 
  
n) as depicted (upper right, after St. Andrew) in the late twelfth- or very early thirteenth-century wooden altar frontal of Baltarga in the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in Barcelona:  
http://www.museunacional.cat/sites/default/files/015804-000.JPG  
 
o) as depicted (at left; at right, St. Peter) in a thirteenth-century fresco in Matera's rupestrian church of San Giovanni in Monterrone:  
https://c2.staticflickr.com/8/7386/9934235046_cb756af24b_b.jpg 
 
p) as portrayed in relief in an earlier thirteenth-century enameled copper repoussé plaque of Limousin origin (ca. 1220-1230) from the high altar of the abbey church of Grandmont, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York:  
http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/464004  
 
q) as portrayed in relief on the mid-thirteenth-century châsse of St. Eleutherius in the cathedral of Tournai / Doornik:  
http://tinyurl.com/onjjyxb  
 
r) as depicted (at right; at right, St. Thomas the Apostle) in the mid-thirteenth-century Carrow Psalter from East Anglia (Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, Walters ms. W.34, fol. 5v):  
http://tinyurl.com/ho2ztj6  
 
s) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 66r):  
http://library.haverford.edu/staff/mschaus/feminae/st_james.jpg 
 
t) as depicted (martyrdom; image greatly expandable) in a late thirteenth-century copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA, Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol. 81v):  
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/ds/huntington/images//000944A.jpg  
 
u) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century glass window panel (ca. 1301-1325; probably from the château of Rouen) in the Musée National du Moyen Age (Musée de Cluny) in Paris: 
http://tinyurl.com/zrf3auc 
 
v) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century glass window panel (ca. 1301-1325; from Seligenthal Abbey in Landshut) in the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum in Munich: 
http://tinyurl.com/j24l5ma 
 
w) as depicted (bas-de-page; martyrdom) in the early fourteenth-century Queen Mary Psalter (ca. 1310-1320; London, BL, Royal MS 2 B VII, fol. 258r): 
http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/ILLUMIN.ASP?Size=mid&IllID=53268 
http://www.bl.uk/IllImages/BLCD/big/G700/G70032-67a.jpg 
 
x) as depicted (martyrdom) in an earlier fourteenth-century French-language legendary of Parisian origin with illuminations attributed to the Fauvel Master (ca. 1327; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 183, fol. 34v):  
http://tinyurl.com/q5gljfr  
 
y) as depicted by the workshop of Simone Martini in an early fourteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1317-1320) in the National Gallery of Art in Washington:  
http://tinyurl.com/qjeyung  
 
z) as depicted by Andrea di Vanni d'Andrea in a mid-fourteenth-century panel painting (betw. 1355 and 1360) in the Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte in Naples:  
http://www.wga.hu/art/a/andrea/vanni/s_james.jpg  
Detail view:  
http://www.wga.hu/art/a/andrea/vanni/s_james1.jpg  
 
aa) as depicted in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fol. 169v):  
http://tinyurl.com/43evesr  
 
bb) as portrayed in relief (third from right) on the late fourteenth- or early fifteenth-century tomb of St. Wendelin in his basilica in Sankt Wendel:  
http://tinyurl.com/pepm5t9  
 
cc) as depicted (martyrdom) in a late fourteenth- or early fifteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Rennes, Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole, ms. 266, fol. 177r): 
http://tinyurl.com/zw7rekt 
 
dd) as portrayed in relief in a fifteenth-century English alabaster in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London:  
http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O70305/st-james-the-great-relief-unknown/  
 
ee) as depicted by Martino da Verona (attrib.) in an early fifteenth-century fresco in the chiesa di San Giacomo del in Vago di Lavagno (VR) in the Veneto:  
http://tinyurl.com/ngmco3t  
 
ff) as depicted (martyrdom) in an earlier fifteenth-century _Bible historiale_ (ca. 1430; Den Haag, KB, ms. KB, 78 D 38 II, fol. 213r): 
http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_78d38%3Adl2_213r_min  
 
gg) as depicted in an earlier fifteenth-century fresco (ca. 1440) in Ballerup kirke, Ballerup (Sjælland):  
http://danmarksmuseer.dk/uploads/tx_dycondkmuseer/Pilgrimsudstilling.jpg 
 
hh) as portrayed (at right; at left, St. Boniface of Mainz) in a polychromed and gilt wooden statue in a later fifteenth-century winged altarpiece of the BVM in the Hohhaus-Museum in Lauterbach (Lkr. Vogelsbergkreis) in Hessen: 
http://tinyurl.com/jdxxhpp 
 
ii) as depicted by Cosmè Tura in a later fifteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1475; from a dismembered altarpiece) in the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Caen:  
http://www.wga.hu/art/t/tura/polyptyc/st_james.jpg  
 
jj) as portrayed in a later fifteenth-century limestone statue (betw. 1475 and 1500) of Burgundian origin in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York:  
http://tinyurl.com/pr4hop7  
 
kk) as depicted (at upper left) by Hans Memling on one of the wings (closed position) of his later fifteenth-century St. John Altarpiece (completed ca. 1479) in the Memlingmuseum in the Sint-Janshospitaal in Bruges:  
http://www.wga.hu/art/m/memling/2middle2/13john4.jpg  
Detail view:  
http://www.wga.hu/art/m/memling/2middle2/13john41.jpg  
 
ll) as depicted (at left; at right, St. John the Evangelist) by Miguel Ximénez and workshop in panels of his and Martín Bernad's late fifteenth-century altarpiece of the Holy Cross (completed, 1487) for the parish church of Blesa (Teruel) and now, after dismemberment, mostly in the Museo de Zaragoza: 
http://tinyurl.com/p7zwu8d  
 
mm) as portrayed by Gil de Siloe in a late fifteenth-century alabaster statue (ca. 1489–1493) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York:  
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/69.88  
 
nn) as portrayed by the Master of Elsloo in a late fifteenth- or earlier sixteenth-century wooden statue (oak; ca. 1490-1550) in the Kerk Sint-Lambertus in Neeroeteren (prov. Limburg): 
http://balat.kikirpa.be/object/157083 
 
oo) as portrayed in a very late fifteenth- or very early sixteenth-century wooden statue of north German origin in Hasslövs kyrka, Hasslöv (Hallands län):  
http://www.kringla.nu/kringla/objekt?referens=shm/art/920826S2  
Detail view: 
http://medeltidbild.historiska.se/medeltidbild/mbbilder/bilder/92/9225217.jpg  
 
pp) as portrayed (third from left) in the very late fifteenth- or very early sixteenth-century statues of the apostles (betw. 1498 and 1509) in the south porch of the chapelle St.-Herbot in Saint-Herbot, a locality of  Plonévez-du-Faou (Finistère):  
http://tinyurl.com/ov8nw29  
 
qq) as portrayed (seated) in an early sixteenth-century polychromed wooden statue (betw. 1501 and 1515) in the Deutsches Historisches Museum in Berlin:  
http://tinyurl.com/pv9j4jm  
  
Best,  
John Dillon 
 
********************************************************************** 
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME 
to: [log in to unmask] 
To send a message to the list, address it to: 
[log in to unmask] 
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion 
to: [log in to unmask] 
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to: 
[log in to unmask] 
For further information, visit our web site: 
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion 

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


WWW.JISCMAIL.AC.UK

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager