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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  April 2016

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION April 2016

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Subject:

FEAST - A Celebration for the Day (April 4, 2016): The Annunciation to Mary

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Mon, 4 Apr 2016 21:53:54 +0000

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text/plain

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

The feast of the Annunciation ordinarily falls on 25. March.  In churches whose calculation of Easter caused this year's 25. March to also be Good Friday, celebration of the Annunciation was postponed until today (in the Roman Calendar such a postponement occurs whenever 25. March occurs during Holy Week).


Some period-pertinent images of the Annunciation:

a) as depicted in a probably late ninth-century Gospels of northwestern French origin (the so-called Chartres Gospels; Paris, BnF, ms. 9386 , fol. 14v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8423840t/f38.item.zoom

b) as depicted in mosaic in two corresponding eleventh-century panels on the eastern supports of the dome in the cathedral of St. Sophia in Kyiv:
Gabriel:
http://tinyurl.com/zhj9r3w 
The Theotokos:
http://tinyurl.com/zsmbjah

c) as depicted in mosaic in two corresponding eleventh-century panels on the eastern supports of the dome in the katholikon (dedicated to the Annunciation) of the Vatopedi monastery on Mt. Athos:
Gabriel:
http://pemptousia.com/files/2011/04/221-182.jpg
The Theotokos:
http://pemptousia.com/files/2011/04/221-183.jpg

d) as depicted, in photographs antedating the current restoration, in the late eleventh-century mosaics of the katholikon of the Daphni monastery in Chaidari (Attika regional authority):
Distance views:
http://tinyurl.com/jor4t5h
http://tinyurl.com/j6lm2nw
Close-up (colors off):
http://tinyurl.com/hcksmfb
Detail  view (Annunciation angel):
http://tinyurl.com/ycf74kw
Detail view (the Theotokos):
http://tinyurl.com/yerasya

e) as depicted in a twelfth-century icon on an iconostasis beam in the Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai, St. Catherine (South Sinai governorate):
http://touregypt.net/featurestories/catherines2-13.htm

f) as depicted in mosaic on the eastern arch beneath the dome of the mid-twelfth-century chiesa di Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (a.k.a. chiesa della Martorana) in Palermo:
Distance views:
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/14572488.jpg
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/52320423.jpg
Nearer view (different light):
http://www.christianiconography.info/sicily/annunciationMartorana.JPG
Gabriel:
http://tinyurl.com/hnpyca5
http://tinyurl.com/gvcnl7f
The Theotokos:
http://tinyurl.com/h8r3hsp 

g) as depicted in a later twelfth-century Coptic-language Gospels from Damietta (ca. 1178-1180; Paris, BnF, ms. Copte 13, fol. 136r):
http://tinyurl.com/yz455us

h) as depicted in one of four panels of a full-page illumination in the late twelfth-century so-called Bible of Saint Bertin (ca. 1190-1200; Den Haag, KB, ms. 76 F 5, fol. 10v, sc. 1A):
http://tinyurl.com/gu7r4mj

i) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century mosaics (1290s) by Pietro Cavallini in Rome's chiesa di Santa Maria in Trastevere (the verses are by the future cardinal Jacopo Stefaneschi, d. 1341 or 1343):
http://tinyurl.com/zzvhorm
http://www.wga.hu/art/c/cavallin/mosaic/2scene.jpg

j) as depicted in an initial 'R' cut from a gradual of ca. 1300 probably created in the monastery of Sankt Katharinenthal and now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1982.175 

k) as depicted in later pen-and-ink drawing at the beginning of a later thirteenth-century miscellany codex of English origin (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 3630, fol. 2r):
http://tinyurl.com/yena2tc

l) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century Livre d'images de Madame Marie (ca. 1285-1290; Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 20v):
http://tinyurl.com/y96bp9u

m) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century Beaupré Antiphoner from a house of Cistercian nuns in the diocese of Cambrai (ca. 1290; Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, ms. W 759, fol. 108r):
http://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/W759/data/W.759/sap/W759_000223_sap.jpg

n) as depicted in an early fourteenth-century icon in the Ohrid Icon Gallery, Ohrid:
http://tinyurl.com/j7ns9at

o) as depicted by Giotto di Bondone in two corresponding very early fourteenth-century fresco panels (betw. 1303 and 1305) at the top of the chancel arch in the Cappella degli Scrovegni (Arena Chapel) in Padua:
Overview (second register from top):
http://www.wga.hu/art/g/giotto/padova/00view1.jpg
Annunciation angel (to expand, click on the image):
http://tinyurl.com/zqzyfb4
The BVM (to expand, click on the image):
http://tinyurl.com/zqzyfb4

p) as depicted in mosaic in two corresponding early fourteenth-century fresco panels (betw. 1313 and 1318; conservation work in 1968) by Eutychios and Michael Astrapas on the eastern supports of the dome in the church of St. George at Staro Nagorièane in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
Gabriel:
http://tinyurl.com/hhpyxyx
The Theotokos:
http://tinyurl.com/zg994x5 

q) as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1312 and 1321/1322) in the monastery church of the Theotokos at Graèanica in, depending on one's view of the matter, either Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo:
http://tinyurl.com/ykvpwkq

r) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (ca. 1326-1350; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 185, fol. 3r):
http://tinyurl.com/glllg5p

s) as depicted (at center; at left, St. Ansanus; at right, St. Julitta) by Simone Martini in an earlier fourteenth-century altarpiece (1333) in Florence's Galleria degli Uffizi:
http://www.wga.hu/art/s/simone/6annunci/ann_2st.jpg

t) as twice depicted in a mid-fourteenth-century copy, from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston, of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (1348; Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fols. 31v, 84v):
1) http://tinyurl.com/jt7vjum
2) http://tinyurl.com/zzea9k4

u) as depicted in a later fourteenth-century fresco by Bartolo di Fredi in the chapter house of the convento di Sant'Agostino in Monticiano (SI) in Tuscany:
http://www.panoramio.com/photo/107476453

v) as depicted in a fifteenth-century fresco in the chiesa di Sant'Agostino in Bevagna (PG) in Umbria:
http://www.panoramio.com/photo/96709845

w) as depicted in an early fifteenth-century copy of the _Elsässische Legenda aurea_ (1419; Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. Pal. germ. 144, fol. 340r):
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cpg144/0703

x) as portrayed in relief by Lorenzo Ghiberti in his earlier fifteenth-century gilded bronze plaques (completed, 1424) for the north door of the baptistery of Florence, now preserved there in the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo:
http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/ghibertinorth/annunciation.html

y) as depicted by Beato Angelico in his earlier fifteenth-century Annunciation altarpiece in the Museo diocesano in Cortona (1433-1434):
http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/a/angelico/04/index.html

z) as depicted by Beato Angelico in his mid-fifteenth-century Annunciation fresco in cell 3 of Florence's Museo nazionale di San Marco (1440 or 1441):
http://www.wga.hu/art/a/angelico/09/cells/03_annun.jpg

aa) as depicted by Beato Angelico in his mid-fifteenth-century Annunciation fresco (1440s) in the north corridor of the upper floor of Florence's Museo Nazionale di San Marco:
http://www.wga.hu/art/a/angelico/09/corridor/annunci.jpg

bb) as depicted by Antonello da Messina in two panel paintings of the Virgin Annunciate (1470s):
http://tinyurl.com/2t9ueg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Antonello_da_Messina_035.jpg

cc) as depicted in a full-page illumination in a late fifteenth-century Syriac-language Gospels from Armenia (Paris, BnF, ms. Syriaque 344, fol. 1v):
http://tinyurl.com/ycxo8ex

Best,
John Dillon
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