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SPORT-MED  January 2016

SPORT-MED January 2016

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Subject:

PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY : URBAN : CITIES : OPEN SPACES : HEALTH: Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity, Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease

From:

"David P. Dillard" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

To support research in sports medicine <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 31 Jan 2016 08:58:22 -0500

Content-Type:

TEXT/PLAIN

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (375 lines)

.

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PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND FITNESS : MEDICAL: CONDITIONS: OBESITY :

URBAN :

CITIES :

OPEN SPACES :

HEALTH:

Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity,
Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease

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Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity,
Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease


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Sallis, J. F., Floyd, M. F., Rodruez, D. A., & Saelens, B. E.
(2012).
Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity,
Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease
Circulation, 125(5), 729-737.

http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/125/5/729.short

http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/125/5/729.full

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Summary and Conclusions

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There is a growing consensus that large changes in population levels of 
physical activity and other behaviors required to improve cardiovascular 
health will require major modifications in environments and policies. 
Ecological models are the conceptual basis for comprehensive interventions 
that emphasize environmental and policy changes and that can have 
widespread and sustainable effects. These interventions are complemented 
with individual education and motivation and efforts to change social 
support and norms. Physical activityspecific ecological models indicate 
which environmental factors are expected to be related to physical 
activity in multiple life domains: Leisure/recreation/exercise, occupation 
(school for youth), transportation, and household. Over the past decade, a 
proliferation of interdisciplinary research has generally supported 
hypotheses derived from ecological models and identified specific built 
environment attributes and combinations of attributes that are related to 
physical activity, mainly for recreation and transportation purposes, and 
obesity. It is becoming clear that racial/ethnic minority and low-income 
communities are disadvantaged in access to recreation facilities, positive 
aesthetics, and protection from traffic. These results provide an 
empirical rationale for intervention.

.

There are recent examples of environmental changes or community-wide 
multilevel interventions that had positive effects on physical activity or 
obesity. Continuing research needs are to improve the rigor of study 
designs, confirm subgroup- or context-specific built environment 
associations, identify optimal combinations of attributes, improve 
understanding of the policy change processes required to achieve 
environmental changes, and evaluate multilevel interventions.

.

Both research teams and community-based initiatives are collaborating with 
a wide range of professionals and sectors of society, such as recreation, 
transportation, city planning, architecture, landscape architecture, 
geography, criminal justice, and law, in addition to health professionals 
and behavioral scientists. These diverse teams have stimulated innovations 
in research, new approaches to intervention, and improved connections with 
decision makers who can make environment and policy changes in nonhealth 
sectors of society. The practice of physical activity promotion, obesity 
prevention, and CVD risk reduction has changed to reflect the shift to 
multilevel interventions. Major foundations and public health agencies are 
implementing community-based interventions targeting environment and 
policy change.

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snip

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Sources Citing This Publication

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Google Scholar

http://tinyurl.com/guss6gp

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Content Sample

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Mathieu, R. A., Powell-Wiley, T. M., Ayers, C. R.,
McGuire, D. K., Khera, A., Das, S. R., & Lakoski, S. G.
(2012).
Physical activity participation, health perceptions,
and cardiovascular disease mortality in a multiethnic population:
The Dallas Heart Study. American heart journal, 163(6), 1037-1040.

.

Owen, N., Salmon, J., Koohsari, M. J., Turrell, G.,
and Giles-Corti, B.
(2014).
Sedentary behaviour and health: mapping environmental
and social contexts to underpin chronic disease prevention.
British journal of sports medicine, 48(3), 174-177.

.

Koohsari, M. J., Badland, H., & Giles-Corti, B.
(2013).
(Re) Designing the built environment to support physical activity:
bringing public health back into urban design and planning.
Cities, 35, 294-298.

.

Wen, M., and Kowaleski-Jones, L.
(2012).
The built environment and risk of obesity in the United States:
Racial ethnic disparities.
Health and place, 18(6), 1314-1322.

.

Heath, G. W., and Troped, P. J.
(2012).
The role of the built environment in shaping the health behaviors
of physical activity and healthy eating for cardiovascular health.
Future cardiology, 8(5), 677-679.

.

Astell-Burt, T., Feng, X., and Kolt, G. S.
(2014).
Greener neighborhoods, slimmer people and quest;
Evidence from 246 920 Australians.
International Journal of Obesity, 38(1), 156-159.

.

Pearson, T. A., Palaniappan, L. P., Artinian, N. T.,
Carnethon, M. R., Criqui, M. H., Daniels, S. R., ... and
Goff, D. C. 
(2013).
American Heart Association Guide for
Improving Cardiovascular Health at the Community Level,
2013
Update A Scientific Statement for Public Health
Practitioners, Healthcare Providers, and Health Policy Makers.
Circulation, 127(16), 1730-1753.

.

Lakerveld, J., Brug, J., Bot, S., Teixeira, P. J.,
Rutter, H., Woodward, E., ... and Robertson, A.
(2012).
Sustainable prevention of obesity through integrated strategies:
The SPOTLIGHT projects conceptual framework and design.
BMC Public Health, 12(1), 793.

.

Mler-Riemenschneider, F., Pereira, G., Villanueva, K.,
Christian, H., Knuiman, M., Giles-Corti, B., & Bull, F. C.
(2013).
Neighborhood walkability and cardiometabolic risk factors
in australian adults: an observational study.
BMC public health, 13(1), 755.

.

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Google Books

http://tinyurl.com/zltgwt4

.

Google Domain Limited Web Search (GOV)

http://tinyurl.com/z2jd9ss

.

Google Domain Limited Web Search (PUBMED)

http://tinyurl.com/zhan9nh

.

Google Domain Limited Web Search (BLOGS)

http://tinyurl.com/j2bakad

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Temple Summon Search

http://tinyurl.com/zwqamoh

.

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WEBBIB1516

http://tinyurl.com/q8tavoy

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
[log in to unmask]
http://workface.com/e/daviddillard

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Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
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Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
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HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/healthrecsport/info
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.

.

Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
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