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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  February 2015

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION February 2015

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Subject:

Re: FEAST - A Saint for the Day (January 28): Charlemagne

From:

Revd Gordon Plumb <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 1 Feb 2015 03:54:26 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Charlemagne:

Two glass images with halos:

Shrewsbury, St Mary, Shropshire, sXI, 2e-3e, glass from Trier, c.1479:

https://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/8242940724





Earsham, All Saints, Norfolk, sV, 4a, Netherlandish, c.1525:

https://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/8714164061



Gordon Plumb





-----Original Message-----

From: John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

To: MEDIEVAL-RELIGION <[log in to unmask]>

Sent: Sat, 31 Jan 2015 22:52

Subject: [M-R] FEAST - A Saint for the Day (January 28): Charlemagne





medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and 

culture



Charlemagne (814). "Carles li reis, nostre emperere magnes" (the 

opening words

of the _Chanson de Roland_) was canonized in 1165 by the pro-imperial 

antipope

Paschal III. Although all of Paschal's ordinances were annulled in 1179 

by canon

two of the Third Lateran Council, Charlemagne nonetheless received a 

later

medieval and early modern cult in parts of the empire and in France. 

One reads

in some potted notices that this cult was confirmed by Benedict XIV 

(1740-1758)

but Charlemagne's unusually detailed notice at the "Santi Beati" site

<http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/91756> is careful to point out 

that

Benedict was not yet pope when he observed in his _De servorum Dei

beatificatione_ that Charlemagne's traditional cult was the equivalent 

of a

beatification. That said, Charlemagne's liturgical celebration 

continues, with

papally permitted propers and with the designation "sanctus", in the 

dioceses of

Aachen (translation feast on 27. July; principal feast on 28. January) 

and

Osnabrück (feast on 27. January). It continues as well at the abbeys of 

Metten

(Lkr. Deggendorf) in Bavaria and Müstair (Münster; founded by 

Charlemagne) in

Graubünden, where it is "tolerated" by the Sacred Congregation of 

Rites.

Charlemagne has yet to grace the pages of the Roman Martyrology.



Some medieval images of Charlemagne:



a) Charlemagne as portrayed on a silver denier struck by him (Paris, 

BN, Cabinet

des Médailles, M-G 317, Prou 983; photographs courtesy of Genevra 

Kornbluth):

http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/37-111.jpg

http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/37-112.jpg



b) Charlemagne as portrayed on a seal from August 807 (photographs 

courtesy of

Genevra Kornbluth):

http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/Char%20seal%20807.jpg

http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/Char807.jpg



c) Charlemagne (at far left, being blessed by St. Giles) as depicted in 

a

twelfth-century fresco on the north wall of the crypt of St. Clement in 

the

cathédrale de Notre-Dame in Chartres:

http://tinyurl.com/y9yojjo



d) Charlemagne as portrayed in a late twelfth- or early 

thirteenth-century

relief over the north door of the facade of the cattedrale di San 

Donnino in

Fidenza (PR) in Emilia-Romagna (in legend Charlemagne, instructed by an 

angel,

unearthed the hidden body of the martyr Domninus and had him buried in 

a

predecessor of this church):

http://tinyurl.com/ycnel6k



e) Charlemagne (at center, betw. pope St. Leo III and archbishop Turpin 

of

Reims) as portrayed on his early thirteenth-century reliquary shrine 

(1215) in

the Dom St. Marien in Aachen (image greatly expandable, showing C.'s 

designation

_SANCTVS_ very clearly):

http://tinyurl.com/pghrxyg

Detail view (Charlemagne):

http://tinyurl.com/kqh4pvb



f) The early thirteenth-century Charlemagne window (ca. 1225) in the 

basilique

cathédrale de Notre-Dame in Chartres:

http://tinyurl.com/lgjvx5a

Larger image:

http://tinyurl.com/ylkmbwm

Detail views (starting from bottom and reading up):

http://tinyurl.com/7reo525

http://tinyurl.com/7vgva6f

http://tinyurl.com/7u2szs3

http://tinyurl.com/7kvqda9

http://tinyurl.com/n2fv7wo



g) Charlemagne as portrayed in his mid-fourteenth-century reliquary 

bust (ca.

1349) in the treasury of the Dom St. Marien in Aachen:

http://www.bonnensia.de/geschichte/karl034.htm

http://tinyurl.com/qg2wrhe

http://tinyurl.com/qaw3qgl [image greatly expandable]



h) Charlemagne, nimbed, as depicted by Theodoric of Prague in a later

fourteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1360-1364) in the chapel of the 

Holy

Cross at Karlštejn Castle, Karlštejn, Czech Republic‎:

http://tinyurl.com/lqs9738



i) Charlemagne, nimbed, as depicted in a late fourteenth-century 

pontifical and

missal (ca. 1388) for the Use of Luçon (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 8886, 

fol. 400v):

http://expositions.bnf.fr/fouquet/grand/f628.htm



j) Charlemagne, nimbed, as depicted in grisaille by Jean Tavernier in 

the later

fifteenth-century Hours of Philip of Burgundy (ca. 1450-1460; Den Haag, 

KB, ms.

76 F 2, fol. 266r):

http://manuscripts.kb.nl/zoom/BYVANCKB%3Amimi_76f2%3A266r_min



k) Charlemagne, nimbed (at right center; at left center, St. Louis IX) 

as

depicted in a later fifteenth-century copy (ca. 1460) of the _Grandes 

chroniques

de France_

(Châteauroux, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 5, fol. 282v):

http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht2/IRHT_054382-p.jpg



l) Charlemagne, nimbed (at right) presenting a model of the imperial 

"cathedral"

of Frankfurt to its titular, St. Bartholomew, as depicted in an 

_Amstbuch_

(register) of the chapter from 1482, now in the Stadtarchiv Frankfurt 

am Main:

http://tinyurl.com/qxx7eg7



m) Charlemagne, nimbed, as depicted in the originally late 

fifteenth-century St.

Catherine window in the basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame de 

l'Annonciation at

Moulins (Allier):

http://tinyurl.com/7luqd9a



n) Charlemagne, nimbed, as depicted on a wing of a late fifteenth- or 

very early

sixteenth-century triptych (ca. 1495-1501?; St. Louis IX on the other 

wing) in

the Cappella del Santissimo Salvatore in Naples:

http://www.ilportaledelsud.org/images/casati/ss01.jpg

Detail view (Charlemagne):

http://www.ilportaledelsud.org/images/casati/ss07.jpg



o) Charlemagne (center, at rear) with other saints as depicted by Jean

Bourdichon in a miniature from the now dismembered late 

fifteenth-century Hours

of Louis XII (1498/1499; Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, ms. 79A 

recto):

http://tinyurl.com/ptr4vtl



p) Charlemagne, nimbed (at right, with his also nimbed queen St. 

Hildegard), as

depicted in a late fifteenth-century copy (1499) of Johannes Birk's 

_Kemptener

Chronik_ (Munich, BSB, Cgm 9470, fol. 32r):

http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00058206/image_65



q) Charlemagne, nimbed, as portrayed on a very late fifteenth- or very 

early

sixteenth-century Dicken (ca. 1500-1503) from Zurich:

http://www.muenzenwoche.de/images/303_67ce9a28.jpg



Best,

John Dillon

(matter from an older post revised)



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