JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  February 2015

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION February 2015

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

FEAST - A Pair of Saints for the Day: Sts. Faustinus and Jovita

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 15 Feb 2015 17:55:37 -0600

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (66 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Faustinus and Jovita (d. early 2d cent., supposedly). These two patron saints of the city of Brescia in Lombardy have a cult that seems to have been unknown to bishop St. Gaudentius of Brescia (d. ca. 410), who never mentions them in his sermons and who hallowed his church called _Concilium Sanctorum_ with relics obtained in the Holy Land. Their first attestations come in a later sixth-century reference by pope St. Gregory the Great (_Dialogi_, 4. 54) to a church at Brescia dedicated to Faustinus and in a garbled entry for both, under 16. February, in the (pseudo-)Hieronymian Martyrology.

A translation of these saints' relics at Brescia from an extramural martyrial church (the future San Faustino ad Sanguinem, now rededicated to St. Angela Merici) to an intramural one is said very dubiously to have occurred between 720 and 730. Also in the first half of the eighth century St. Petronax, the second founder of Montecassino, brought thither from his native Brescia an arm relic of Faustinus, depositing it in his newly built abbey church. By the early ninth century Verona had relics of Faustinus and Jovita; others were given in 828 by the patriarch of Aquileia to a church in that city. Brescia's Benedictine monastery of San Faustino was founded in 841 and in 843 relics said to be those of Faustinus and Jovita were solemnly translated into its church of St. Faustinus (the later San Faustino Maggiore, now the basilica dei Santi Patroni) from a church of the BVM _in Silva_. Both this house and Montecassino were instrumental in diffusing the cult; from the central Middle Ages onward it was widespread in Italy.

Faustinus and Jovita have a seemingly late eighth- or early ninth-century legendary Passio (BHL 2836; several later versions) that makes them brothers (Faustinus a priest and Jovita a deacon) who were arrested at Brescia, exposed to the beasts and tortured in various ways at various places, and finally decapitated in Brescia on this day in some year in the principate of Hadrian (117-138). Usuard of Saint-Germain, who entered them under today in his later ninth-century martyrology, appears not to know their story and, seemingly thinking him female, characterizes as Jovita a virgin.

In 1187 the canons regular of Brescia's San Faustino ad Sanguinem discovered two skeletons under a pavement in their church and proclaimed them to be the mortal remains of Faustinus and Jovita. The Benedictines of San Faustino Maggiore, who had had their own bodies of these saints for over three hundred years, protested. The issue was settled in their favor in 1223, shortly after control of San Faustino ad Sanguinem had been transferred to the Dominicans: clergy of both churches participated that year in a solemn recognition of the relics in San Faustino Maggiore. At some point afterward the location of those relics must have been forgotten, for on 11. December 1455, to great civic jubilation, relics proclaimed to be those of Faustinus and Jovita were found under an altar in the then old (disused) crypt of the same church. The anniversary of this Inventio became a secondary feast for Faustinus and Jovita in the diocese of Brescia. Two bones, one described as being Faustinus' and the other as being Jovita's, were removed from the saints' tomb during a recognition of the remains in 1923 and may be seen here in a modern display reliquary:
http://tinyurl.com/ol6kppt
http://www.flickr.com/photos/10922266@N05/3755327411

In later medieval Brescia Faustinus and Jovita were represented as knights; images of them in this role were placed on city gates. In their military capacity they were credited with saving Brescia from a Milanese invading force on 13. December 1438. But they continued to be thought of as priest and deacon and are so represented in the city's later thirteenth- and earlier fourteenth-century coinage as well as on the tomb of bishop Berardo Maggi (d. 1308) in the Duomo Vecchio and in fifteenth-century paintings and sculpture. Herewith some medieval images of these saints (chiefly from Brescia):

a) Faustinus as portrayed in a relief first documented from 1254, when it was used in the reconstruction of Brescia's Porta delle Pile, and now in that city's Museo di Santa Giulia (photographs courtesy of Genevra Kornbluth):
http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/BresciaFaustinus1.jpg
http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/BresciaFaustinus2.jpg
http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/images/BresciaFaustinus3.jpg

b) Faustinus (at right) and Jovita (at left) as portrayed on a later thirteenth-century _denaro_ (after 1254) from Brescia:
http://tinyurl.com/yej85ca

c) Faustinus (at right) and Jovita (at left) as portrayed on an early fourteenth-century _grosso_ (after 1302) from Brescia:
http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1496&category=31769&lot=1350021

d) Faustinus (at left) and Jovita (at right) as portrayed on the early fourteenth-century sarcophagus of bishop Berardo Maggi (d. 1308) in Brescia's Duomo Vecchio:
http://tinyurl.com/o37nwp4

e) Faustinus and Jovita exposed to the beasts as depicted as in an earlier fourteenth-century copy (ca. 1335) of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms. Arsenal 5080, fol. 135v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b7100627v/f276.image

f) Faustinus and Jovita as portrayed in mid-fourteenth-century sculptures (1349) from the Duomo Vecchio in Brescia, now in that city's Museo di Santa Giulia:
http://tinyurl.com/yq8nsz

g) Faustinus and Jovita exposed to the beasts as depicted in a later fourteenth-century copy (ca. 1370-1380) of Vincent of Beauvais' _Speculum historiale_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition franšaise 15941, fol. 25v):
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8449688c/f58.item
The illumination alone (larger view):
http://tinyurl.com/kuub5e8 

h) Faustinus (front row, at far right) and Jovita (front row, second from right) being led to their execution as portrayed in an earlier fifteenth-century relief (after 1438?) in Brescia's Museo di Santa Giulia:
http://tinyurl.com/mo2p49x

i) Faustinus (at left) and Jovita (at right) flanking bishop St. Honorius of Brescia as portrayed in a later fifteenth-century relief (betw. 1455 and 1475) originally in Brescia's chiesa di San Faustino Maggiore and now in that city's Museo di Santa Giulia:
http://tinyurl.com/n6b2qc6

j) Faustinus (at left) and Jovita (at right) flanking the BVM and Christ Child as depicted by Vincenzo Foppa in a late fifteenth-century panel painting in Brescia's Pinacoteca Tosio Martinengo:
http://tinyurl.com/moydemm

TAN: Thanks to their feast's coming on the day following that of St. Valentine of Rome, in Italy (at least) Faustinus and Jovita have been adopted as patrons of singles groups holding counter-celebrations of their own.

Best,
John Dillon
(matter from an older post revised)

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: subscribe medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: unsubscribe medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/medieval-religion

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager