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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  December 2014

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION December 2014

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Subject:

Re: FEAST - Many saints for the Day (December 28): The Holy Innocents

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 28 Dec 2014 19:33:09 -0600

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

It seems that the first link provided at item k) is unstable. Use this instead:
http://tinyurl.com/yl7fhdx


Bonus images (!):

Several fifteenth-century roof bosses in the cathedral church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in Norwich portray aspects of the story of the Holy Innocents. Herewith views of the three that I could find quickly on the Web:
1) Herod with soldiers:
http://www.cathedral.org.uk/images/upload/297/743.jpg

2) The Innocents received into Heaven:
http://www.english.cam.ac.uk/medieval/zoom.php?id=334
http://www.english.cam.ac.uk/medieval/images/norwich-holyinnocents.jpg

3) The Death of Herod:
http://www.english.cam.ac.uk/medieval/zoom.php?id=333
http://www.english.cam.ac.uk/medieval/images/norwich-herod.jpg

Best again,
JD

On 12/28/14, I wrote:
> medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
> 
> An older post revised.
> 
> The Holy Innocents (ca. 5 BCE [if not wholly legendary]). We read about these sacrificial victims for Christ at Matthew 2:16-18. Their feast in Rome seems to be no older than the later fourth century. Its stational church is San Paolo fuori le Mura, which latter is said to hold relics of them. Orthodox and other Byzantine-rite churches celebrate this feast on 29. December. Herewith some medieval images of the Massacre of the Innocents (including some early antecedents of the German soldier of World War I propaganda with a Belgian baby on his bayonet):
> 
> a) Mosaic (fifth-century), triumphal arch, basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome:
> http://tinyurl.com/cp6xt3o
> 
> b) Pyx (ivory; later sixth-century), Musée du Louvre, Paris:
> http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000021908.html
> Several views of this object (courtesy of Genevra Kornbluth):
> http://www.kornbluthphoto.com/MassacreInnocentsPyxis.html 
> 
> c) Panel of an ivory plaque (ninth-century) re-used for the upper cover of a late tenth-century Gospels from Metz (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 9393):
> http://tinyurl.com/yceywa4
> 
> d) Manuscript illumination (late tenth-century) by the Master of the Codex Egberti in a book of Gospel pericopes (Trier, Stadtbibliothek, Ms. 24):
> http://tinyurl.com/6ujrwe
> 
> e) Relief (eleventh-century) on a choir screen from the church of St. Domenica (Sv. Nediljica) in Zadar, now in the Arheološki muzej - Zadar:
> http://www.croatia.eu/images/06-05/rl0506.jpg
> 
> f) Frescoes (late eleventh- or mid-twelfth-century) in the église Saint-Aignan at Brinay (Cher):
> http://tinyurl.com/lem3tev
> http://www.sagaphoto.com/bassedefWM/18PF0320.jpg
> http://www.art-roman.net/brinay/brinay30x.jpg
> http://tinyurl.com/6r8jolv
> http://tinyurl.com/7zlwdnm
> Further views are here:
> http://www.art-roman.net/brinay/brinay3.htm#
> 
> g) Capital reliefs (ca. 1145; the better preserved portions of a longer frieze) on the central portal of the west facade, basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame, Chartres:
> http://tinyurl.com/2ettdp7
> 
> h) Glass panels (mid-twelfth-century), Infancy and Life of Christ window, basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame, Chartres (photographs by Gordon Plumb):
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/4147810624/
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/4147814192/
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/4147052747/
> 
> i) Copper-gilt plaque with champlevé enamel (mid-twelfth-century; German origin), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York:
> http://tinyurl.com/pmy4c33
> 
> j) Copper-gilt reliquary châsse with champlevé enamel (mid- to late twelfth-century; Limousin origin), Musée du Louvre, Paris:
> http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000021973.html
> 
> k) Fresco (ca. 1180), Panteón de los Reyes, real basilica colegiata de San Isidoro, Léon:
> http://tinyurl.com/olt5oyu
> Detail view:
> http://www.wga.hu/art/zgothic/mural/12c2/03catala.jpg
> 
> l) Reliefs (late twelfth-century) on the west portal of the basilique primatiale Saint-Trophime in Arles:
> http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/france/arles/sttrophime/0162.jpg
> https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2857/9903236535_e99e4117f4.jpg
> 
> m) Manuscript illumination (ca. 1200), Psalter(?) fragment, codex sometimes described as a picture bible (The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, 76 F 5; fol. 11v):
> http://www.mythfolklore.net/bibgreek/images/gallery/bertin_slaughter.jpg
> 
> n) Capital (ca. 1200), iglesia de Santa Cecilia, Aguilar de Campóo (Palencia):
> http://static.panoramio.com/photos/original/9337683.jpg
> Detail views:
> http://www.arquivoltas.com/8-palencia/02-Aguilar%20de%20Campoo-SCecilia2.htm
> 
> o) The earlier thirteenth-century apse mosaic (ca. 1220; lower register) of Rome's basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura has a medievally unusual depiction of the Innocents, showing them as nimbed martyrs rather than as children being slaughtered:
> http://tinyurl.com/2badk6h
> In addition to being unusual that depiction is also seldom seen. Since basilica's rebuilding in the nineteenth century this section of the mosaic has been hidden from ordinary view by a neoclassical entablature:
> http://tinyurl.com/28dmykd
> 
> p) Relief on the lid of an iron baptismal font (ca. 1225) in the Hohe Domkirche St. Mariä Himmelfahrt at Hildesheim:
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/28433765@N07/3941761102/lightbox/
> 
> q) Relief (betw. ca. 1220 and 1236), south portal, west facade, basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame, Amiens:
> http://tinyurl.com/22rtryv
> 
> r) Tympanum relief (bottom register at right), cloister portal (ca. 1250), north facade, basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame, Paris:
> http://tinyurl.com/2d2pl7h
> 
> s) Manuscript illumination (mid to late thirteenth-century), Psalter according to the Use of Arras (Aix-en-Provence, Bibliothèque Méjanes, ms. 14, fol. XIr):
> http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht3/IRHT_069509-p.jpg
> 
> t) Tympanum relief (betw. 1280 and ca. 1285), north portal, west facade, basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame, Strasbourg:
> http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/strasbourg/westntympdet.jpg
> 
> u) Manuscript illumination (betw. ca. 1285 and ca. 1290), Livre d'images de Madame Marie (Paris, BnF, ms. Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 24r):
> http://tinyurl.com/ydzmsss
> 
> v) Manuscript illumination (late thirteenth-century) in a copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA, Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol.11v; view is expandable):
> http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/ds/huntington/images//000976A.jpg
> 
> w) Glass window panel (late thirteenth-century), basilique Saint-Urbain, Troyes:
> http://tinyurl.com/ygjtj7f
> 
> x) Pulpit relief (betw. 1297and 1301) by Giovanni Pisano, chiesa di Sant'Andrea, Pistoia:
> http://www.geometriefluide.com/foto/PIC1754O.jpg
> 
> y) Pulpit relief (1302 or 1303) by Giovanni Pisano, cattedrale metropolitana primaziale di Santa Maria Assunta, Pisa:
> http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/italy/pisa/duomopulpit/0045.jpg
> 
> z) Fresco (betw. 1303 and 1305) by Giotto di Bondone, Cappella degli Scrovegni (Arena Chapel), Padua:
> http://tinyurl.com/chva3su
> 
> aa) Panel painting (betw. 1308 and 1311) by Duccio di Buoninsegna, Museo dell'Opera del duomo, Siena:
> http://tinyurl.com/ukbmh
> 
> bb) Mosaics (betw. 1315 and 1321), Chora church (Kariye Camii), Istanbul:
> http://www.fixcas.com/parody/innocent/KariyeCamii.jpg
> http://www.pbase.com/dosseman/image/30643814/original
> http://tinyurl.com/85jzr9z
> http://tinyurl.com/q4gjw5x
> http://www.lessing-photo.com/p3/150308/15030827.jpg
> 
> cc) Fresco (ca. 1320) attributed to Giotto di Bondone and workshop, lower basilica, basilica di San Francesco, Assisi:
> http://images.alinari.it/img/480/FCP/FCP-S-ABI000-1134.jpg
> Detail view:
> http://www.engramma.it/eOS/image/88/franz_08.jpg 
> 
> dd) Glass window panel (Giovanni di Bonino; 1325-1334), basilica cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta, Orvieto:
> http://www.icvbc.cnr.it/bivi/schede/Umbria/orvieto/1duomo15.htm
> 
> ee) Tympanum sculpture (earlier fourteenth-century), église Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption at Mont-devant-Sassey (Meuse):
> http://tinyurl.com/c8obsc4
> The Massacre of the Infants is at upper left.
> 
> ff) Fresco (betw. 1335 and 1350; a December calendar scene, suboptimally preserved) in the narthex of the church of the Holy Ascension at the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć in, depending upon one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:
> http://tinyurl.com/cbhhg4m
> Detail view:
> http://tinyurl.com/c566zc8
> 
> gg) Fresco (ca. 1340) by the Master of Waltensburg / Waltensburger Meister / Maister da Vuorz, Pfarrkirche Sankt Zeno, Lüen (Graubünden / Grisons):
> http://tinyurl.com/38a53x
> 
> hh) Manuscript illumination from the workshop of Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston (1348) in a copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language translation by Jean de Vignay (Paris, BnF, ms. Français 241, fol. 25v):
> http://manuscriptminiatures.com/4276/8134/
> 
> ii) Manuscript illumination (later fourteenth-century), Gospels in Armenian (Paris, BnF, ms. Arménien 333, fol. 4v):
> http://tinyurl.com/y9zn7oo
> 
> jj) Glass panel (ca. 1385) by Jakob Acker the Elder, Anne and Mary window (Anna-Marienfenster), Münster (ex-cathedral of the BVM), Ulm:
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/16459025@N03/3423771517/
> 
> kk) Wall painting (1407), chiesa parrocchiale di Santa Maria Assunta / Pfarrkirche St. Mariä Himmelfahrt, Terlano / Terlan (BZ) in the South Tirol (Massacre of the Innocents in bottom register; view is expandable):
> http://tinyurl.com/d52k8vk
> Detail view:
> http://www.burgenseite.com/faschen/terlan_ritter_5.jpg
> 
> ll) Glass panel (fifteenth-century, remounted in a window of 1522), collégiale Saint-Émilion, Saint-Émilion (Gironde):
> http://inventaire.aquitaine.fr/typo3temp/pics/937aa4decd.jpg
> 
> mm) Manuscript illumination (ca. 1450), Missal according to the Use of Nantes (Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 223; fol. 16v):
> http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht5/IRHT_082500-p.jpg
> 
> nn) Panel painting (betw. 1450 and 1453) by Beato Angelico, formerly in the church of the Santissima Annunziata in Florence, now in that city's Museo nazionale di San Marco:
> http://saints.bestlatin.net/images/gallery/innocenti_angelico.jpg
> 
> oo) Glass window panel (betw. ca. 1450 and ca. 1455), east window, St Peter Mancroft, Norwich:
> http://vidimus.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/issue_1_2006_feat1-e1295621187873.jpg
> 
> pp) Panel painting (before 1482) by Hugo van der Goes, part of an Adoration of the Magi triptych, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg:
> http://www.fixcas.com/cgi-bin/herod.py?Goes
> 
> qq) Vault painting (ca. 1480) by the Elmelunde Master, Keldby kirke, Keldby (Vordingborg kommune), Sjælland:
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/28577026@N02/2921673716
> http://tinyurl.com/c5r7b32
> 
> rr) Mosaic panels (ca. 1481) by Matteo di Giovanni, floor of the cattedrale metropolitana di Santa Maria Assunta, Siena:
> http://www.flickr.com/photos/bootsintheoven/471081918/
> http://tinyurl.com/y8k8gf
> http://tinyurl.com/yeujfbg
> http://tinyurl.com/ybhkpn9
> 
> ss) Panel painting (1482) by Matteo di Giovanni, chiesa di Sant'Agostino, Siena:
> http://www.wga.hu/art/m/matteo/innocent.jpg
> 
> tt) Panel painting (1488) by Matteo di Giovanni, Museo nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples:
> http://tinyurl.com/yaeg39l
> 
> uu) Glass window (ca. 1490) by Antonio da Pandino, formerly in the cathedral of Milan and now in the collection of the Château du Hac, Le Quiou (Côtes-d'Armor):
> http://www.icvbc.cnr.it/bivi/estero/1chateau_hac1.htm
> 
> vv) Manuscript illumination (before 1498), Breviary according to the Use of Besançon (Besançon, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 69, p. 209):
> http://www.enluminures.culture.fr/Wave/savimage/enlumine/irht5/IRHT_083439-p.jpg
> 
> ww) Vault painting (ca. 1500) by the Elmelunde Master, Elmelunde kirke, Elmelunde (Vordingborg kommune), Sjælland:
> http://tinyurl.com/d229sdw
> I especially like the mother wounding the soldier above the eye with a cross-shaped dasher for a butter churn (this is Denmark, after all).
> 
> xx) Gilded and polychromed wood sculptures (betw. 1498 and 1504) on the great altarpiece of the catedral primada de Santa María in Toledo:
> http://tinyurl.com/ogrujwz 
> 
> yy) Glass panel (ca. 1532), Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (Massacre of the Innocents at upper left):
> https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/nl/collectie/BK-NM-12969 
> 
> zz) Fresco (betw. 1535 and 1540) by Theofanis Strelitzas-Bathas (Theophanes the Cretan) and sons in the katholikon of the Great Lavra on Mt. Athos:
> http://www.omhksea.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/02.1.jpg
> 
> Best,
> John Dillon

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