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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  November 2014

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION November 2014

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Subject:

Re: Saint of the Day: St Edmund King and Martyr

From:

Revd Gordon Plumb <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 03:51:04 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

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text/plain (182 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Apologies to Rosemary and all others: try:  

https://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/



Gordon





-----Original Message-----

From: Rosemary Hayes And Andrew Milligan <[log in to unmask]>

To: MEDIEVAL-RELIGION <[log in to unmask]>

Sent: Thu, 20 Nov 2014 22:05

Subject: Re: [M-R] Saint of the Day: St Edmund King and Martyr





medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and 

culture



Thank you very much both. Gordon, your first link does not seem to work.



Best wishes,

Rosemary Hayes



Sent from my iPad



> On 20 Nov 2014, at 19:09, Revd Gordon Plumb 

<[log in to unmask]>

wrote:

>

> medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and 

culture

>

> Many images of Edmund, of course. You can see a selection in glass 

and mural

paintings on my Flickr stream: 

https://www.flickr.com/search/22274117@N08. Look

under "Edmund, saint". Includes Martyrdom in 15thC. wall paintings at 

Pickering

in North Yorkshire: 

https://www.flickr.com/photos/22274117@N08/9575875065.

>

> Gordon Plumb

>

> -----Original Message-----

> From: Cate Gunn <[log in to unmask]>

> To: MEDIEVAL-RELIGION <[log in to unmask]>

> Sent: Thu, 20 Nov 2014 17:33

> Subject: [M-R] Saint of the Day: St Edmund King and Martyr

>

>

> medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and 

culture

>

> Edmund, King of East Anglia, is commemorated on 20 November so, since 

I’m sure

> I’m not the only one who misses ‘Saints of the Day’ I thought I’d 

send an

email

> that is compiled from previous postings on Edmund, and a couple of 

booklets I

> have (by Anne Dineen and J. M. Matten) on St Edmund.  May be others 

could do

the

> same for their favourite saint on the appropriate day?

>

> Edmund was born about 840/841 and elected king of East Anglia aged 

14.  It is

> believed he was crowned on the hillside at Bures, overlooking the 

beautiful

> Stour valley (just five miles from where I am writing this: hence my

interest).

> He was renowned for his piety in his personal life, and desire for 

justice. He

> led the defence of his Christian realm against the Danish chiefs 

Hinguar and

> Hubba; Hinguar laid his land waste and killed the people ‘men, women 

and

> innocent children’ (according to the account from Alefric’s Lives of 

Saints

> translated by Anne Dineen); Edmund refused to defile his hands with 

Hinguar’s

> blood but ‘mindful of his Saviour’ he discarded his weapons and 

imitated

> Christ’s example. In order to save his people, he submitted to the 

invaders;

he

> was ‘bound and humiliated and beaten with sticks. Soon the King was 

taken to a

> tree rooted in the ground and tied and was beaten there with whips 

for a long

> time; and he always, between the beatings, called with true faith to 

Christ

the

> Saviour. Then, because of his faith, the heathens became made angry, 

for he

> called on Christ to help. They shot him then with arrows, as in 

sport, until

he

> was all covered with arrows like a hedgehog’s bristles, as Sebastian 

was.’

> Finally his head was chopped off. Other sources suggest that he may 

have had

the

> ‘Blood Eagle’ carved on his back.  This martyrdom is supposed to have 

occurred

> on 20th November 869/70, maybe at Hoxne in Suffolk.

> When his men went later to recover his body, they couldn’t find his 

head;

> eventually it was found guarded by a wolf, who surrendered it and 

followed the

> procession to the grave in Heglesdune wood.  Years later the body was 

removed

to

> Beodricksworth [variously spelt] where a church was built, later to 

become the

> great abbey of Bury St Edmunds. When Edmund’s coffin was opened the 

body was

> found to be incorrupt and the head reattached to the body, with only 

a thin

red

> mark round the neck.

> Edmund’s shrine was guarded by the Benedictine Ailwin, but when, 

around the

year

> 1010 there was fresh trouble, the body was moved to London for 

safety, where

it

> rested in St Gregory’s church. At this time, the martyr’s fame 

increased; when

> peace returned Ailwin wanted to take the body back to Suffolk, but 

Alphun,

> Bishop of London, planned to retain it and take it instead to St 

Paul’s.

Edmund,

> however, seemed to have other ideas, and the coffin became too heavy 

to move

> until Alphun relented and Ailwin was able to leave London with the 

body in

> procession. All along the route people turned out to offer respect to 

the

> martyr, and were rewarded with miracles of healing.

> Edmund’s body was returned in 1013, and last year a pilgrimage 

followed the

> route from London to Bury St Edmunds to celebrate the 1000th 

anniversary.

> Edmund’s cult is discussed in the essays in St Edmund, King and 

Martyr:

Changing

> Images of a Medieval Saint, ed. by Anthony Bale, published York 

Medieval

> Press/Boydell & Brewer 2009.

>

> Best wishes,

Cate

C

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