JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  November 2012

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION November 2012

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

Re: Feasts and Saints of the Day: November 11

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 20:07:21 -0600

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (200 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

On 11/11/12, I wrote:

> Herewith links to the two parts of an earlier (2010) 'Saints of the day' for 11. November (including, in the first part, St. Menas of Egypt; St. Martin of Tours; St. Mennas of Samnium; and, in the second part, St. Theodore the Stoudite; St. Bartholomew of Grottaferrata):
> Part 1: http://tinyurl.com/bklsubk
> Part 2: http://tinyurl.com/b8gmamk

> Further to Martin of Tours:

> In the same notice, add after item h) in 'Portrayals' (a view of Martin depicted as a bishop in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes in the nave of the church of the Holy Ascension at the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć) this link to a view of Martin (at left; depicted as a young martyr) in the contemporary frescoes of that church's nave:
> http://tinyurl.com/ahllwtb

Yet another depiction of Martin as a young martyr in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1335 and 1350) in the nave of the church of the Holy Ascension at the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć:
http://tinyurl.com/beo79a2


11. November is also the feast day of:

John the Eleemosynary (d. prob. 619 or 620). We know about this Chalcedonian patriarch of Alexandria (John the Almoner, John the Almsgiver, John the Benefactor, John the Merciful, John Eleemon / Eleimon) chiefly from a) those portions of his lost contemporary Bios by St. John Moschus and St. Sophronius of Jerusalem that survive in paraphrase as the opening chapters of the composite Bios BHG 887v and, with some differences, in the greatly condensed Bios BHG 887w and b) the somewhat later, and very anecdote-rich supplementary Bios by Leontius of Neapolis (BHG 886). Other accounts (e.g., the metaphrastic Bios BHG 888 and various synaxary notices) depend upon these and when at variance with them are likely to be inventive or in error. A native of Cyprus and the son of an imperial governor there, he is said to have married only to please his father and then to have remained chaste in that marriage until his father compelled him to have offspring. These were sons who predeceased him as later did his wife, leaving John an ascetic widower -- and perhaps still a layman -- at the time of his selection, probably in 609 or 610, as patriarch of Alexandria by the _patrikios_ Nicetas, the newly empowered Heraclians' military governor of Egypt.

At this time most of the Christians in Alexandria were miaphysites. Once installed in the see of St. Mark, John removed non-Chalcedonian elements from the liturgy celebrated in those churches staffed by priests who accepted his authority, raised the salaries of his underlings in an attempt to make them less susceptible to bribery, and normalized the weights and measures used in Alexandria (regulation in this area was one of the ordinary duties of a Byzantine bishop). He also undertook a policy of sustained charity to the city's very numerous poor, erecting hospitals, hostels, and poorhouses and making repeated donations. As the Persian war against the empire that had begun in 602 continued to go badly for the Romans refugees from invaded areas fled to Alexandria. John supported these unfortunates from the patriarchal fisc and after the Persians sacked Jerusalem in 614 he generously provided the church there with a huge gift of money and foodstuffs. He also engaged regularly in acts of personal charity and through his example inspired others to behave similarly.

Shortly before the Persian conquest of Alexandria in 619 John, whose life was under threat from the leader of a faction that wished to surrender, departed for Cyprus. According to Leontius, he traveled with Nicetas as far as Rhodes. There he received a vision summoning him to the King of Kings. Taking leave of his earthly ruler's representative, John proceeded to Cyprus and (still according to Leontius) settled in his native Amathous, where he died on the feast day of St. Menas and where he was buried in an oratory dedicated to St. Tychon; miraculously, the bodies of two bishops already laid to rest there moved aside to grant him space. Whereas Leontius gives the impression that John died not long after reaching Amathous, John Moschus and Sophronius have him first evade an attempt on his life by the same would-be assassin who had machinated against him in Alexandria and also intervene to cause parties threatening armed conflict in Constantia (the former Salamis) to instead negotiate a peaceful settlement. Thus far John's early Bioi. Not mentioned in these texts is his authorship, as patriarch of Alexandria, of the Bios of his fellow Cypriot St. Tychon of Amathous (BHG 1859).

In the numeration of patriarchs of Alexandria John the Eleemosynary is John V. His cult spread rapidly in the Greek-speaking world. In Latin, Anastasius Bibliothecarius' later ninth-century translation (BHL 4388) of Leontius' Bios had fairly wide circulation. Several other translations of this text into Latin are known to exist. In the later Middle Ages John became very widely known in Latin Christendom through Jacopo da Varazze's chapter dedicated to him (cap. 27) in the _Legenda aurea_. John's having died on 11. November (the feast of the eastern great martyr Menas and also that of Martin of Tours, a major saint in most of the west) had consequences for his position in festal calendars. Although he is entered under 11. November in the early medieval Palestinian-Georgian calendar preserved in the tenth-century codex Sinaiticus 34, from at least the tenth century onward in the Synaxary of Constantinople and in Orthodox and other eastern-rite churches generally he has almost always been celebrated on 12. November. In Latin-rite churches from at least the later Middle Ages onward John has usually been celebrated on 23. January. Following its frequent preference for the earliest recorded _dies natalis_, the revised RM of 2001 places his commemoration on 11. November. 

According to Anthony of Novgorod, who visited Constantinople in ca. 1200, the relics of John the Eleemosynary were then kept in that city's church of St. Plato. The date and circumstances of these relics' arrival in there are unknown. According to the late fourteenth-century Russian Anonymus, John's body was then in the empress' convent (a.k.a. the monastery of Kyra Martha) near the church of the Holy Apostles; the same information is offered by Alexander the Clerk, who visited Constantinople in the 1390s. But by then, if one is to believe Venice's later fourteenth-century scholar-doge Andrea Dandolo, John was already in the Serenissima, having been translated thither from Constantinople in 1249. His putative and allegedly complete relics there may still be seen in Venice's chiesa di San Giovanni in Bragora:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/25727578@N04/3244475010/lightbox/
http://tinyurl.com/bhnarmf
http://tinyurl.com/dyx2l7y

In November 1489 sultan Bayezid II sent king Matthias Corvinus of Hungary a major relic of John the Eleemosynary. This treasure, which may have come from the relics that had been in the empress' convent / Kyra Martha monastery, at first graced the royal chapel in Buda Castle. Later it was moved to the cathedral of St. Martin in Bratislava (the coronation church of Hungarian kings from 1563 to 1830), where it is now on display in an elevated cage in a baroque chapel dedicated to John:
http://tinyurl.com/a23ny8u
http://tinyurl.com/aope6zc

Some medieval portrayals of John the Eleemosynary:
 
a) A reduced, grayscale image of John the Eleemosynary as depicted in the late tenth- or very early eleventh-century so-called Menologion of Basil II (Città del Vaticano, BAV, cod. Vat. gr. 1613, fol. 177):
http://www.pravenc.ru/data/2010/09/29/1234251756/i400.jpg

b) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in the eleventh-century frescoes of the church of Agios Georgios Diasoritis near Chalki on Naxos:
http://www.azalas.de/bilder/2012-02/P1200831-1_450 

c) John the Eleemosynary (in the roundel at top in the arch soffit) as depicted in the mid-twelfth-century mosaics of the basilica di Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (a.k.a. chiesa della Martorana) in Palermo:
http://tinyurl.com/8xobq9e
A closer view (taken from the website of a dealer in quality reproductions):
http://tinyurl.com/apmz873

d) John the Eleemosynary (at center, betw. Sts. John Chrysostom and Epiphanius of Salamis) as depicted in the probably late twelfth-century frescoes of the altar area in the church of the Archangel Michael in Kato Lefkara (Larnaka prefecture) in the Republic of Cyprus (for a slightly larger view, click on the image):
http://tinyurl.com/8a2y4tu

e) John the Eleemosynary (at left, with Sts. Athanasius and Basil the Great) in an originally early thirteenth-century fresco (1208-1209; carefully repainted in 1569) in the altar area of the church of the Theotokos at the Studenica monastery near Kraljevo (Raška dist.) in Serbia:
http://tinyurl.com/yjqxsd3
Detail view:
http://tinyurl.com/beger8j

f) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in a mid-thirteenth-century fresco in the church of St. Peter and St. Paul at Stari Ras (Raška dist.) in Serbia:
http://tinyurl.com/4n886r4
http://tinyurl.com/4cdjkwc
Detail view:
http://tinyurl.com/4n9xob9

g) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in a later thirteenth-century fresco (betw. 1260 and 1263) in the altar area of the church of the Holy Apostles in the Patriarchate of Peć at Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:
http://tinyurl.com/2a54g8e

h) An expandable view of John the Eleemosynary giving alms as depicted in a late thirteenth-century copy of French origin of the _Legenda aurea_ (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, ms. HM 3027, fol. 26v):
http://tinyurl.com/4r894o4 

i) John the Eleemosynary as portrayed in a late thirteenth-century head reliquary of silver and glass in the treasury of the cathedral of St. Domnius in Split:
http://tinyurl.com/b6r4db5
NB: This rather stunning object is part of the exhibit ' « Et ils s’émerveillèrent... » Croatie médiévale' currently (10 Oct. 2012 - 7. Jan. 2013) on display in Paris in the Musée national du Moyen Âge (a.k.a. musée de Cluny).

j) John the Eleemosynary (at right, followed by St. Meletius [probably M. of Antioch] and by St. Epiphanius [of Salamis]) as depicted in the late thirteenth-century frescoes (ca. 1295) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the church of the Peribleptos (now Sv. Climent Novi) in Ohrid:
http://tinyurl.com/a4jgl8f
Detail view (John the Eleemosynary):
http://tinyurl.com/a4sznph 

k) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in the late thirteenth- or very early fourteenth-century frescoes, attributed to Manuel Panselinos, in the Protaton church on Mt. Athos:
http://tinyurl.com/4qw9qfw

l) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. ca. 1308 and ca. 1320) by Michael Astrapas and Eutychios in the church of St. Nicetas the Goth (Sv. Nikita) at Čučer in today's Čučer-Sandevo in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
http://tinyurl.com/az7hjj3

m) John the Eleemosynary (at right; at left, St. Clement of Alexandria) as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (betw. 1335 and 1350) in the altar area of the church of the Holy Ascension at the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:
http://tinyurl.com/2cw5kqb
Detail view (John the Eleemosynary):
http://tinyurl.com/ckvoerd

n) John the Eleemosynary (at left; at right, St. John Chrysostom) as depicted in a November calendar portrait in the earlier fourteenth-century frescoes (betw. 1335 and 1350) in the narthex of the church of the Holy Ascension at the Visoki Dečani monastery near Peć in, depending on one's view of the matter, either the Republic of Kosovo or Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija:
http://tinyurl.com/39vcqhp

o) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in a fourteenth-century fresco in the church of Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis in Kakopetria (Nicosia prefecture) in the Republic of Cyprus:
http://tinyurl.com/byftuad

p) John the Eleemosynary (upper left; at upper right, a bishop St. Leontius; lower register, St. Gregory the Thaumaturge) as depicted in a fourteenth-century fresco in the monastery of St. John the Theologian (Sv. Ioan Bogoslov) at Zemen in western Bulgaria:
http://tinyurl.com/bsotv4e

q) John the Eleemosynary clothing the poor as depicted in a later fourteenth-century copy (ca. 1380) of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, ms. 1729, fol. 49v):
http://tinyurl.com/au8ylta

r) John the Eleemosynary (lower register, second from left, with Sts. Barlaam of Khutynsk, Paraskeva Pyatnitsa, and Anastasia) as depicted in an early fifteenth-century Novgorod School icon now in The State Russian Museum in St. Petersburg:
http://www.icon-art.info/hires.php?lng=en&type=1&id=564

s) John the Eleemosynary (at center, betw. Sts. Nicholas of Myra and Basil of Parium) as depicted in a late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century Novgorod School icon in the Museum of History and Culture in Novgorod:
http://www.icon-art.info/hires.php?lng=en&type=1&id=813 

t) John the Eleemosynary presenting the donor Hans Bonn as depicted in a later fifteenth-century glass window (1476-1500) in bay 18 of the abbatiale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul in Wissembourg (Bas-Rhin):
http://tinyurl.com/aoqhbmv

u) John the Eleemosynary (misidentified here as St. Augustine!) as depicted in the central panel of the early sixteenth-century St. John the Almsgiver / St. John the Merciful altarpiece (ca. 1502 - ca. 1504) in the National Museum in Kraków:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/24364447@N05/8098144719/lightbox/
Expandable views of John as depicted in three other panels of this altarpiece: 
http://tinyurl.com/ad22o2o

v) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in an early sixteenth-century panel painting (ca. 1505) in the diocesan museum in Kielce, Poland:
http://tinyurl.com/a4ylxav 

w) John the Eleemosynary as depicted in the fifteenth- or sixteenth-century frescoes of the church of Panagia Paleoforitisa (a.k.a. Panagia Pantanassa) in Veria / Veroia (Imathia prefecture) in northern Greece:
http://www.pravenc.ru/data/2010/09/29/1234251344/i400.jpg

x) John the Eleemosynary as portrayed in a polychromed wooden sculpture by Master Paul of Levoča (Majster Pavol z Levoče) from his earlier sixteenth-century (1520) altar of St. John in the basilica of St. James in Levoča, Slovakia, now on display in the Slovak National Museum–Spiš Museum in Levoča:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/beauharnais/5833893874/lightbox/
Detail views:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/beauharnais/5833346763/lightbox/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/beauharnais/5833350211/lightbox/
A view of the closed altar with John the Eleemosynary at left:
http://www.chramsvjakuba.sk/oltare/osjanov/osjanovm.jpg

y) John the Eleemosynary (at right; at left, St. Clement of Alexandria) as depicted in a restored earlier sixteenth-century fresco (1544; attributed to Joseph Houris) in the altar area of the St. Neophytus monastery at Tala (Paphos prefecture) in the Republic of Cyprus:
http://www.kypros.org/Sxetikos/Monastiria/NeophytosE-11b.htm

z) John the Eleemosynary (image at left; at right, St. Gregory of Nazianzus) as depicted by Theofanis Strelitzas-Bathas (a.k.a. Theophanes the Cretan) in the earlier sixteenth-century frescoes (1545 and 1546) of the katholikon of the Stavronikita monastery on Mt. Athos:
http://tinyurl.com/b5swv6s 

aa) John the Eleemosynary (lower register at right; at left, St. Athanasius of Alexandria) as depicted by Theofanis Strelitzas-Bathas (a.k.a. Theophanes the Cretan) in the earlier sixteenth-century frescoes (1545 and 1546) of the katholikon of the Stavronikita monastery on Mt. Athos:
http://tinyurl.com/75c9p5d

bb) A grayscale view of John the Eleemosynary as depicted in the earlier sixteenth-century frescoes (1547) by Onoufrios in the church of Agioi Anargyroi in Kastoria in northern Greece:
http://pandektis.ekt.gr/pandektis/bitstream/10442/85780/1/0818.jpg


Two dedications to John the Eleemosynary:

a) The very recently restored, originally late eleventh- or early twelfth-century church (the narthex is about a century later) of Agios Ioannis Eleimon at Ligourio (Argolis prefecture) on the Peloponnese, also known locally as the church of Sts. Constantine and Helen:
A brief, English-language account:
http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=775
For those with access to Google Books, a ground plan of this cross-in-square church is item c) at the top of the page here:
http://tinyurl.com/cvpkw4h
(Timothy E. Gregory, _A History of Byzantium_, 2d ed. [Chichester, U.K. ; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011], p. 284).

Views of the church prior to restoration: 
http://tinyurl.com/6j4dknr
http://tinyurl.com/48u5toc
http://tinyurl.com/bvanwt5
http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnfryer/3025464112/lightbox/
http://tinyurl.com/d9yylt3
Smallish spolia in the exterior walls:
http://tinyurl.com/aem2oe7
http://tinyurl.com/a5rldu3
http://tinyurl.com/au6kvp3
Other views, incl. some of the interior (it's the first church shown and discussed on this touristy, German-language page):
http://www.argolis.de/ByzantinKircheLigourio.htm
Other interior views:
http://tinyurl.com/b6msatj
http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnfryer/3025451412/lightbox/
During restoration:
http://tinyurl.com/c6hx5lg
http://tinyurl.com/dxatjlh
http://tinyurl.com/c3j2gvq
http://tinyurl.com/bpdqqzm
Exterior views of the restored church (photos taken at the encaenia of 4. August 2012):
http://tinyurl.com/bw6df9n
http://tinyurl.com/d4zptos
An interior view of the restored church:
http://tinyurl.com/c7obey8

b) The originally earlier fifteenth-century cerkov Ioanna Milostivogo (1422) at Veliky Novgorod, rebuilt in the sixteenth century:
A brief, English-language account:
http://tinyurl.com/4bnlwf6
Better exterior views:
http://tinyurl.com/4un3no5
http://tinyurl.com/5sjcgxx
http://tinyurl.com/b2h73ky

Best again,
John Dillon

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: join medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: leave medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/medieval-religion.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager