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Subject:

EDUCATION: COLLEGE: STUDENTS : DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE: ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM: NIH-Supported Studies Show Online Course Helps Reduce Harmful College Drinking

From:

"David P. Dillard" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

To support research in sports medicine <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 28 Jan 2012 12:18:08 -0500

Content-Type:

TEXT/PLAIN

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (321 lines)

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EDUCATION: COLLEGE: STUDENTS :

DRUG ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE: ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM:

NIH-Supported Studies Show Online Course
Helps Reduce Harmful College Drinking

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Date: Thu, 1 Sep 2011 14:39:58 -0400
From: "NIH OLIB (NIH/OD)" <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject:  NIH-Supported Studies Show Online Course
Helps Reduce Harmful College Drinking

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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NIH News

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/

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For Immediate Release: Thursday, September 1, 2011

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CONTACT:

NIAAA Press Office

301-443-3860

e-mail:

[log in to unmask]

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NIH-SUPPORTED STUDIES SHOW ONLINE COURSE
HELPS REDUCE HARMFUL COLLEGE DRINKING

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An online alcohol prevention course can help reduce harmful drinking among 
college freshmen, but the benefits in the fall don't last through the 
spring, according to a study supported by the National Institute on 
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of 
Health.



Led by Mallie J. Paschall, Ph.D., and colleagues at the Pacific Institute 
for Research and Evaluation in Berkeley, Calif., the research evaluated 
the effectiveness of a commercially available Internet-based alcohol 
misuse prevention course known as AlcoholEdu.  The researchers had no 
connection with the company that developed and sells the course.


"Our findings indicate that this course can be a useful component of an 
overall strategy that combines campus-wide and environmental interventions 
to prevent harmful drinking by college students," says Dr. Paschall.


The course consists of five modules, four of which are typically offered 
in the late summer before freshmen arrive on campus, and one module that 
students complete during the early fall semester.  The modules include 
instruction on the definition of a standard drink; the physiologic effects 
of alcohol; social influences on alcohol use; alcohol laws; feedback to 
correct misperceptions about college drinking norms; and alcohol 
harm-reduction strategies.


As reported in the Sept., 2011 issue of the American Journal of Preventive 
Medicine, Dr. Paschall and colleagues conducted a randomized trial of the 
course at 30 public and private universities in the United States. 
Incoming freshmen at half of the universities took the course, while 
students at the other schools served as controls and received whatever 
alcohol prevention programs those schools normally provide to new 
students.  An average of 90 students at each campus subsequently 
participated in periodic surveys that assessed their past-30-day alcohol 
use, average number of drinks per occasion, and binge drinking frequency.


"Prior studies have shown that the freshman year is a particularly risky 
time for hazardous drinking among college students," notes Ralph Hingson, 
Sc.D., director of the NIAAA division of epidemiology and prevention 
research.  "There is a need for effective prevention strategies that are 
timed to address this problem."


The researchers found that students who took the online course reported 
significantly reduced alcohol use and binge drinking during the fall 
semester, compared with control students.  These beneficial effects, 
however, did not persist into the spring semester.


"These findings represent one hopeful step in the long journey to address 
this complex issue," says NIAAA Acting Director Kenneth R. Warren, Ph.D. 
"Each year approximately 1,825 college students die from alcohol-related 
unintentional injuries; 696,000 students are assaulted by another student 
who has been drinking; and 97,000 students are victims of alcohol-related 
sexual assault or date rape."


"Lack of course effects in the following spring suggests that, by itself, 
the course may be insufficient to sustain effects over time, or perhaps 
that its benefit is eventually overcome by students' exposure to alcohol 
and peer drinking behavior," says Dr. Paschall.


Dr. Paschall's research group also recently reported that AlcoholEdu 
appeared to have beneficial short-term effects on sexual assault and other 
forms of victimization, as well as the most common types of 
alcohol-related physiological and social problems among freshmen.  Those 
findings, from the same 30-university study population, were published in 
the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.  The study 
also found more beneficial effects of the AlcoholEdu course at schools 
where the course was mandated for incoming freshmen and at least 70 
percent of freshmen completed all course modules.


"These findings," adds Dr. Warren, "are consistent with previous 
NIAAA-funded research that found that, while educational components are 
integral to some successful college drinking interventions, they do not 
appear to be effective in isolation."


The researchers conclude their recent findings suggest that use of the 
Internet-based prevention course should be reinforced with effective 
environmental prevention strategies.  Examples of such strategies include 
reducing alcohol availability, raising prices, and limiting alcohol 
promotions and advertising on and around campus.


The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the 
National Institutes of Health, is the primary U.S. agency for conducting 
and supporting research on the causes, consequences, prevention, and 
treatment of alcohol abuse, alcoholism, and alcohol problems. NIAAA also 
disseminates research findings to general, professional, and academic 
audiences. Additional alcohol research information and publications are 
available at

.

http://www.niaaa.nih.gov

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About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical 
research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of 
the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary 
federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and 
translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, 
treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more 
information about NIH and its programs, visit

.

http://www.nih.gov

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---------

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REFERENCES:

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Evaluation of an Internet-Based Alcohol Misuse Prevention Course
for College Freshmen: Findings of a Randomized Multi-Campus Trial
Mallie J. Paschall, Tamar Antin, Christopher L. Ringwalt, Robert F. Saltz
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 41, Issue 3,  Pages 300-308 (September 2011)

.

Effects of AlcoholEdu for College on Alcohol-Related Problems Among Freshmen:
A Randomized Multicampus Trial
Mallie J. Paschall, Tamar Antin, Christopher L. Ringwalt, Robert F. Saltz
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
(July 2011)

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##

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This NIH News Release is available online at:

http://www.nih.gov/news/health/sep2011/niaaa-01.htm

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Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
[log in to unmask]
http://daviddillard.businesscard2.com
Net-Gold
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and also http://gallery.me.com/neemers1
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Twitter: davidpdillard



Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl
http://tinyurl.com/ou53aw



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Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
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