JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Monospaced Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  March 2011

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION March 2011

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

Feasts and Saints of the day - March 12

From:

Terri Morgan <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 12 Mar 2011 11:32:17 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (211 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today, March 12, is the feast day of:

Maximilian of Thebes (d. 295) We have an early and good source for the
martyrdom of Maximilian. He was the son of a Roman soldier, so by law had to
enter the army. But when brought to the recruiter, Maximilian stated that he
could not serve because of the religious ceremonies (non-Christian) that
formed an important part of army life. After a long argument, including, on
the proconsul's part, the argument that lots of Christians were serving in
the army without complaint, he still refused. So he was executed.

Peter, Dorotheus, Gorgonius, and Migdon/Maxima (d. 303) The Emperor
Diocletian having discovered that Peter, one of his officers of the
bedchamber, was a Christian, ordered him to be tortured. Then Gorgonius and
Dorotheus, two other officers, filled with indignation, exclaimed, "Why,
sire, dost thou thus torment Peter for what we all profess in our hearts?"
The emperor at once ordered them to execution, together with Migdo, a
priest, and many other Christians. Dorotheus and Gorgonius were tortured and
then executed; Peter was saved for last and was killed in a particularly
nasty way: bits of his flesh were torn off, salt and vinegar were rubbed
into the wounds, and then he was roasted to death over a slow fire.

Innocent I, pope (d. 417) According to the Liber Pontificalis, Innocent was
the son of a man named from Albano named Innocentius. His contemporary
Jerome called him the son and successor of St. Anastasius I. Innocent, who
succeeded Anastasius as bishop of Rome in late December 401, was
exceptionally active in exercising influence throughout the Catholic
oikumene and in promoting therein the primacy of Rome. He supported St. John
Chrysostom when the latter was ejected from the see of Constantinople and
exiled, he supported St. Jerome when unruly miscreants violated his
monasteries at Bethlehem, and he supported the African church against
Pelagius, whose views on grace he publicly condemned. Innocent had the good
fortune to be absent from Rome during Alaric's sack in 410. He died on this
day and was buried in the cemetery of Pontian on the Via Portuensis.

Paul Aurelian/Paulinus Aurelianus (Latin)/ Paul Aurélien/Paul de Léon/Paol
Aorelian (Breton)/also forms with Pol (Aurelian is a by-name suggestive of
Roman culture) (d. 6th century) is one of the largely legendary founding
saints of Brittany. According to his late ninth-century Vita by Wrmonoc, a
monk of Landévennec, Paul was a Briton religious from Glamorgan, Wales
educated by St. Illtud at his school at Llantwit. He had been a hermit from
age 16 but with twelve companions he voyaged across the Channel to Armorica,
where a local count gave him both the island of Batz, on which he built a
monastery, and a Roman fort on the mainland that became the nucleus of a
settlement ancestral to today's Saint-Pol-de-Léon (Finistère), where in time
he became bishop, possibly managing to resign after a few years. Miracles
and healing springs figure largely in this Vita, which links Paul to various
places in Brittany but says little about him that critically inclined others
have found credible.
   Wormonoc told the beautiful story of saint Paul Aurelien's bell in his
"vita" of the saint : Paul asked king "Marcus Quonomorius" (King Marc of
Corwall) to give him a bell which was part of a specific instrument but the
king, who invited the saint to stay at the royal court, was so disappointed
Paul preferred to go to Brittany that he declined to give him the bell.
After a short time, Paul established himself with his brothers in Britanny
and they found the bell in the stomach of a fish. Saint Paul Aurelien's bell
is still preserved as a relic in the former Cathedral of Saint-Pol-de-Leon
(Brittany).
   He has been venerated on this day at Saint-Pol-de-Léon (in Breton,
Kastell-Paol) since at least the eighth century.

Gregory the Great, pope and doctor. (604) Known as the Apostle of the
English. "St. Gregory the Great will be an everlasting honour to the
Benedictine Order and to the Papacy" (Baring-Gould). Famous story: when
walking through the market, he asked the nationality of some fair-skinned
boys for sale. Told they were Angli, he said, 'They are well named, for they
have angelic faces and it becomes such to be companions with the angels in
heaven.'

Mura(n) McFeredach (d. c645)was a native of Co. Donegal (Ireland); the son
of Feredach, of the noble race of the O'Neills. Colum Cille appointed him
abbot of Fahan in Co. Derry. Muran is the special patron saint of the
O'Neills.

Theophanes the Chronicler/the Confessor (d. 817 or 818) Theophanes was born
to a very wealthy Greek family and a marriage was arranged for him at a
young age, but he and his bride decided to live as siblings together and
then separated when the girl's father died. Theo became a monk, then built
the monastery of Megas Agros ("Great Acre") on his own estate at Mount
Sigriane on the southern side of the Propontis and ruled it as abbot. He was
an ascetic and a historian, producing a major chronicle. Emperor Leo the
Armenian, though, decided that a monk so well born and highly regarded would
make a good defender of iconoclasm. He summoned Theophanes to court; Theo
refused to denounce icons, and was flogged and imprisoned for two years.
When he was very frail he was exiled to Samothrace, where he died shortly
after his arrival. His fellow sufferer St. Theodore the Studite wrote a
panegyric on the translation of his relics. Theophanes is also the author of
an important chronicle covering the years 285-813, a continuation of that of
George the Syncellus. In the 870s this was translated into Latin by
Anastasius Bibliothecarius and thus became known in the Latin West.
Alphege/Elphege/Ælfheah(A-S) of Winchester (d. 951) Alphege "the Elder" or
"the Bald" was a monk who succeeded St. Birstan (d. 931) in the see of
Winchester. A leading early figure in English Benedictine reform (P. H.
Sawyer called him "the prime mover of the monastic renaissance"), he is now
seen only rather dimly through his surviving charters, through the Vitae of
Sts. Dunstan and Æthelwold (Ethelwold), and through brief mentions in later
eleventh- and twelfth-century English ecclesiastical historians. He had a
reputation for holiness and prophecy. The best known anecdote about Alphege
concerns his ordaining to the priesthood on the same day Dunstan (said to
have been his kinsman), Æthelwold, and a third monk named Æthelstan and
then, gathering them together, correctly predicting how each would finish
his ecclesiastical career. Alphege is called "the Elder" to distinguish him
from his martyred homonym of April 19 (who prior to his translation to
Canterbury had also been bishop of Winchester).

Symeon/Simeon the New Theologian (d. 1022) Symeon was a noble Paphlagonian
who became a monk at Studium in Constantinople, then abbot of St. Mamas in
981. He was a disciple of St. Symeon the Studite and a prolific writer who
emphasized a personal experience of God (mysticism) and took to writing
sometimes-controversial theological and ethical treatises. In 1009 his
spiritual teachings were controversial enough to force his resignation and
later exile; he was pardoned but never returned to Constantinople. Simeon
was one of the greatest Byzantine mystics.

Seraphina/Fina (Blessed) (d. 1253) In 1238 Seraphina was born to poor
parents in San Geminiano (Tuscany). She is the local saint of her town,
where a hospital named for her was founded not long after her death. In
about 1300 the rector of that hospital asked an up and coming Dominican who
was also a native of the town, Fra Giovanni da San Gimignano, to compose a
suitable Vita of Seraphina. The little we know about Seraphina comes from
this Vita (BHL 2978), produced by Giovanni with the help of a few witnesses
to events of over fifty years earlier, of local traditions some of which
will already have been known to him, and of his training in the Dominican
educational system. Giovanni, whose several sermon collections were widely
held in late medieval Dominican libraries, would in 1329 found San
Gimignano's Dominican convent of the Santissima Assunta.
   In Fra Giovanni's telling, Seraphina was a girl of admirable virtues and
straightened means who while in bed was afflicted with a form of paralysis
that made her completely immobile. One side of her body became so painful
that she spent five years lying on the other side on a wooden board,
receiving visitors, engaging in small acts of charity permitted by her
poverty, and providing moral lessons while her rotting flesh adhered to the
board and was nibbled by mice whom her visitors could see emerging from
holes that they had gnawed in her body. After Seraphina's mother died a
friend looked in at times to take care of the increasingly destitute
sufferer.
   Toward the end of her ordeal Seraphina experienced visions, including one
in which a diabolical serpent appeared to her and was repelled with the sign
of cross and another in which St. Gregory the Great informed her that she
would die soon, on his day. Which she did (March 12 is Gregory's dies
natalis, though the RM now commemorates him on September 3). Miracles
confirmed Seraphina's sanctity: bells were heard to ring, flowers bloomed on
the plank on which she lay (or when Seraphina's body had been removed from
the board for burial the flesh that remained stuck to the latter was
sweet-smelling), etc. She was 15 when she died. People in this area of
Tuscany have named the white violets which bloom at this time after their
patron.
   Other miracles occurred after Seraphina's burial. Fra Giovanni closes
with a catalogue of enough of these to certify Fina's enduring power. An
unsuccessful attempt was made in 1462 to have Seraphina canonized by the
Sienese pope Pius II (he had canonized St. Catherine of Siena in 1461). In
1481 Sixtus IV authorized her cult for San Gimignano. She entered the RM in
2001 as a Beata.
   Seraphina reposes in a later fifteenth-century chapel, designed by
Giuliano da Maiano, in San Gimignano's principal church, its chiesa
collegiata di Santa Maria Assunta, consecrated in 1148. The chapel is
decorated with frescoes from 1475 or a little after by Domenico Ghirlandaio
illustrating a) the apparition of St. Gregory the Great to Fina and b)
Seraphina's funeral service: http://tinyurl.com/ylxfeo8 .
      The inscription on the sarcophagus reads (punctutation John Dillon’s):
VIRGINIS OSSA LATENT TVMVLO QVEM SUSPICIS, HOSPES / HAEC DECVS EXEMPLVM
PRAESIDIVMQVE SUIS. / NOMEN FINA FVIT; PATRIA HAEC; MIRACVLA QVAERIS?
/PERLEGE QVAE PARIES VIVAQUE SIGNA DOCENT. MCCCCLXXV
      ("Stranger, a virgin's bones lie hidden in the tomb that you behold.
She is the glory of her people, an example to them, and their bulwark. Her
name was Fina. This was her home town. Do you seek miracles? Scrutinize
what the walls and living sculptures teach. 1475")
      The text of the inscription was furnished by the Neapolitan humanist
Giovanni Battista Cantalicio (ca. 1450 - 1514?). The mural paintings to
which it refers are the two by Ghirlandaio on the walls of the oblong chapel
(the _hospes_ passes these to approach the altar at the chapel's far end).
The sculptures referred to are those on the upper part of the altar. Fina
had an altar in this church as early as 1325. The present chapel was built
and adorned in the late 1460s and the 1470s. An Italian-language page on the
chapel as a whole: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cappella_di_Santa_Fina
   A view of what is said to have been Seraphina's house in San Gimignano:
http://www.asangimignano.com/_pics/guida/csf.jpg
   Another offering to the collection of pictures of San Gimignano and its
Sta Fina: http://medrelart.shutterfly.com/2333
      Here is a shot of of Benedetto da Maiano's altar of Fina (completed,
1477) in the collegiata of San Gimignano, with the altar's doors open to
show the Beata's reliquary bust within: http://medrelart.shutterfly.com/2344

Dionysius the Carthusian (d. 1471) Not formally canonized, but he's made his
way into several martyrologies. Dionysius was a native of Flanders. He got a
doctorate at the University of Cologne, then became a Carthusian. He was
famous for his mystical writings, which won him the title "Doctor
Ecstaticus."



   
happy reading,
Terri Morgan
--
Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in
school. ~Albert Einstein

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: join medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: leave medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/medieval-religion.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager