JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  April 2010

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION April 2010

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

saints of the day 3. April

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 3 Apr 2010 12:39:12 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (123 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (3. April) is the feast day of:

1)  Sixtus I, pope (d. ca. 125).  The seventh pope, S. (also Xystus) was in office for a little over ten years.  Questionable testimony to his having been a martyr gave him his former place in the general Roman Calendar (6. April).  He is still celebrated liturgically at Alatri (FR) in southern Lazio, the traditional resting place of his putative remains, and at Alatri's sister-city city of Alife (CE) in Campania, which has putative relics of S. translated in early modern times from Alatri.  According to a fourteenth-century Translation account (BHL 7800), in 1132 citizens of Alife were bringing S.'s relics from Rome, where supposedly they had been newly discovered, to their own town so that their presence might help to suppress a pestilence.  But when the relics arrived in Alatri they could not be moved any further.  Thus far this account.

TAN (mostly): In Alatri, where a confraternity devoted to S. was founded in 1429, he is celebrated on 11. January and (patronal feast) on the Wednesday immediately after Easter.  Here he is on procession there:
http://tinyurl.com/yddhutw
S. goes on procession in Alife too:
http://tinyurl.com/ycctb9t
A closer view of S.'s reliquary bust in Alife:
http://tinyurl.com/yda9b9z


2)  Chrestus and Pappus (d. 304?).  C. and P. are martyrs of Tomis on the Black Sea (today's Constanţa in Romania) entered for today in the later fourth-century Syriac Martyrology.  The latter's failure to annotate them as older martyrs gives rise to the belief that they suffered in the Great Persecution.  C. also occurs under today in a textually troubled entry for martyrs of Tomis in the (pseudo-)Hieronymian Martyrology.  The usual guess for the year in which C. and P. will have suffered is 304.  But conjectures run as late as 308, under Licinius (for those who find the Licinian Persecution a construct worthy of credence).


3)  Ulpianus (d. 306).  We know about U. from Eusebius, _De martyribus Palaestinae_, 5. 1.  He is said to have been a young man who in the Great Persecution suffered at about the same time as yesterday's St. Apphianus.  U.'s place of suffering was Tyre; he was tortured, scourged, and finally thrown into the sea in a sack also containing a dog and an asp.  Thus far Eusebius. 


4)  John I of Naples (d. 432).  Today's less well known saint of the Regno was bishop of the Parthenopean city from 413 to 432.  He is credited with the translation of the relics of St. Januarius from their resting place at the Solfatara near Pozzuoli to the catacombs now known as those of San Gennaro.  According to fourteenth-century legend, J. received from the serving woman Eusebia the ampules of Januarius' blood that she had collected from the sands at his place of martyrdom just after his execution.  Modern versions of the story, recognizing the chronological difficulty (Januarius is believed to be a martyr of the Great Persecution), have J. receive the blood from Eusebia's heirs.  The earlier ninth-century Marble Calendar of Naples gives today as the feast of J.'s laying to rest.

Some views of the upper level of the Catacombe di San Gennaro:
http://cache.virtualtourist.com/2138203.jpg
http://www.fi.cnr.it/r&f/n13/images/2NEW.jpg
http://tinyurl.com/lpljaf

Views of the ampules believed to contain the blood of St. Januarius (the last two with princes of the church for scale):
http://tinyurl.com/nkwlfx
http://santiebeati.it/immagini/Original/29200/29200J.JPG
http://tinyurl.com/2f5wau
http://tinyurl.com/46lqdb


5)  Nicetas of Medicion (d. 824).  An iconophile saint of the period of Byzantine second iconoclasm, N. was hegumen of the monastery of Medicion on the Bithynian Mt. Olympus and the recipient of at least five surviving letters from St. Theodore the Stoudite.  He has an admiring -- and partly defensive -- closely posthumous Epitaphios by disciple named Theosterict (BHG 1341; written between 829 and 845) and a tenth-century Bios by Johannes Hagiolites (BHG 1342); other Bioi have been reported but remain unedited.

According to these sources, N. was a native of Caesarea in Bithynia whose mother died shortly after giving birth to him and whose father then became a monk.  He had a pious upbringing under the care of his grandfather, attended church regularly as a child, and was early influenced by an hermit named Stephen.  He entered the monastery of Medicion under its hegumen St. Nicephorus, was ordained priest after seven years, exemplified various monastic virtues, greatly increased the number of monks under his care, operated miracles, and on Nicephorus' death (in 813) succeeded him as hegumen.

When iconoclasm was renewed under Leo V (813-820) N., an iconophile by conviction, was briefly imprisoned, was kept under a form of house arrest in Constantinople, and then was imprisoned once more.  He allowed himself to be persuaded that accepting communion from the newly installed, iconoclast patriarch Theodotus was a matter of ecclesiology rather than dogma but soon repented and publicly defended the icons (a brief florilegium of statements from the Fathers supportive of the iconophile position compiled by N. presumably dates from this period).  For this he was relegated to the tiny island monastery of St. Glykeria in the Propontis near the capital, where for six years (816-821) he was harrassed by the monastic exarch and operated further miracles.

After Leo's assassination N. was released from his insular confinement but did not return to his monastery: either he was not allowed to -- the new emperor, Michael II, continued his predecessor's iconoclast policies -- or else he was persuaded that after the passage of so much time the monastery was doing well enough without him.  Instead, he spent the brief remainder of his life in the Propontid islands and, finally, at a small church on the Bosporus near Constantinople.  Today is his _dies natalis_.

        
6)  Joseph the Hymnographer (d. 886, perhaps).  J. (also J. the Poet) was a Greek-speaking Sicilian who was still a child when his parents, fleeing the Muslim invasion of Sicily, brought him to the Peloponnese.  At the age of 15 he had moved on to Thessaloniki, where he entered religion at the monastery of the Holy Savior and later became a priest.  St. Gregory the Decapolite brought him to Constantinople and later sent him to Rome on a mission to the pope.  J. was captured by Muslim pirates and held on Crete for over a year.  He then returned to Constantinople, where he founded a monastery dedicated to St. Bartholomew the Apostle.

A partisan of the patriarch Ignatius I, J. was exiled after the latter was deposed in 858 and probably did not return to the city before Ignatius' restoration in 867.  After his return he was appointed to the diplomatically important office of scevophylax of Hagia Sophia.  J.'s date of death is now usually given as 886 (formerly, 883).  If the hymn to St. Theodora of Thessaloniki (d. 892) that goes under J.'s name is really his, this is surely too early.

As his epithets indicate, J. is noted for his hymns.  This is so both for their quantity (over 250 are reasonably certain to be his) and for their familiarity in Eastern-rite churches.  J. is the chief contributor of hymns to the Parakletike and some 200 of his canons exist in various menaia.  Some years ago a version of J. M. Neale's translation of his _Phosteres tes ausias_ ("Stars of the Morning") was proffered to this list.  See:
http://tinyurl.com/z6kkc
or
http://tinyurl.com/k6936
A slightly different version will be found on the Web in various places, e.g.:
http://www.cyberhymnal.org/htm/s/t/starsotm.htm
http://www.ccel.org/a/anonymous/luth_hymnal/tlh255.htm

An English-language  translation of J.'s canon of the Akathist will be found here:
http://tinyurl.com/dkfcxl
Though not as great a work as the Akathistos hymn itself, this canon is by no means unworthy of it.

J. as depicted in a later twelfth-century fresco (ca. 1164) in the north chapel of the church of St. Panteleimon (Pantaleon) at Nerezi Lartëm (Skopje municipality) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
http://tinyurl.com/ygmwbf9

J. as depicted in a probably earlier thirteenth-century fresco (1201-1225; restored in a campaign lasting from 1969 to early 1972) in the church of the Panagia Amasgou at Monagri (Limassol prefecture) in Cyprus:
http://tinyurl.com/yky29b9

J. as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (1317-1318; conservation work in 1968) by the court painters Michael and Eutychius in the church of St. George in Staro Nagoričane in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
http://tinyurl.com/ydzly3e

J. at right (on the pilaster; at center of the whole view; at left, St. Theodore the Stoudite) in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (ca. 1313-ca. 1320) in the King's Church (dedicated to Sts. Joachim and Anne) in the Studenica monastery near Kraljevo (Raška dist.) in southern Serbia:
http://tinyurl.com/ykar53j

J. as depicted in an earlier fourteenth-century fresco (betw. 1315 and 1321) on a pendentive of the dome in the parecclesion of the Chora Church (Kariye Camii), Istanbul:
http://tinyurl.com/yeky4hd
The pendentives here depict four Holy Hymnographers (St. John of Damascus, St. Theophanes Graptos, J., and St. Cosmas the Poet).  This view captures the portraits of three of them (J. at right):
http://farm1.static.flickr.com/116/314080944_3d024b8632_b.jpg


7)  Richard of Chichester (d. 1253).  A former chancellor to the archbishop of Canterbury St. Edmund of Abingdon, R. was a reforming bishop of Chichester.  Miracles were reported shortly after his death.  A commission of inquiry was established in 1256 and in 1262 R. was canonized by Urban IV.  He has two thirteenth-century Vitae (BHL 7208, 7209), of which the second, by the Dominican hagiographer Ralph Bocking, is full of anecdotes about his solicitude for the poor and the sick.

Two brief, illustrated, English-language accounts of Chichester cathedral:
http://tinyurl.com/24ee2r
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichester_Cathedral
More views here:
http://travel.webshots.com/album/553789916AYRPlt
http://tinyurl.com/y9477du
An account (with view) of St Edmunds Chapel, Dover, consecrated by R.:
http://www.dover-kent.co.uk/places/st_edmunds_chapel.htm
Another view of St Edmunds Chapel, Dover:
http://www.urban75.org/photos/kent/images/dover-kent-02.jpg
A black-and-white reproduction of a wall painting of R., provided to Wikimedia by the Chichester Museum:
http://tinyurl.com/yoahsf


8)  Gandulf of Binasco (d. 1260).  The Franciscan  G., a native of Lombardy, preached in Sicily and then became a hermit, though on occasion he would still preach.  He died at today's Polizzi Generosa (PA).  Only a few days before, he had preached his final sermon in Polizzi's principal church of Santa Maria Assunta.  Tradition has it that he was interred outside the church in bare earth.

A cult arose almost immediately.  In 1320 G.'s remains were accorded a formal Elevatio and were re-interred in a more honorable location.  Again according to tradition, jasmine flowers sprang up spontaneously both at his former gravesite and in the wine with which his bones had been cleansed (i.e., in the ground where the wine had been discarded?).  The citizens of Polizzi asked the bishop of Cefalù to declare G. their town's patron and to grant them two new liturgical feasts, one on the anniversary of his death and the other on that of the elevation of his remains (the source for all this seems to be G.'s beatification process of 1632, which recorded the existence of both feasts). 

In 1482 G.'s remains were laid in a marble tomb said to be the work of the distinguished sculptor Domenico Gagini.  The upper portion of this remains in the church's Cappella di San Gandolfo:
http://tinyurl.com/nvgjr
, whereas G. himself is in the same chapel in a silver sarcophagus fashioned in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries:
http://www.polizzigenerosa.it/italiano/arte/chiese/chiesamadre/urna.htm

Polizzi's Santa Maria Assunta also houses this fifteenth-century triptych usually ascribed to a follower of Rogier van der Weyden known as the Master of the Embroidered Foliage (or of the Leafy Embroidery) but recently attributed to Rogier himself:
http://tinyurl.com/o5t4m
There are some detail views of the triptych at the top of this page announcing this as a Jubilee year for G. (2010 is the seven hundred fiftieth anniversary of his death):
http://www.parrocchiapolizzi.org/

Best,
John Dillon
(last year's post revised and with the additions of Chrestus and Pappus, Ulpianus, and Nicetas of Medicion)

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: join medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: leave medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/medieval-religion.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager