JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  March 2010

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION March 2010

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

saints of the day 9. March

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 9 Mar 2010 15:34:45 -0600

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (122 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (9. March) is the feast day of:

1)  Pacianus (d. later 4th cent.).  We know from his entry in St. Jerome's _De viris illustribus_ (cap. 106) that the ecclesiastical writer P. (in Catalan, Pacią), a bishop of Barcelona "of chaste eloquence and as distinguished in his life as in his speech" (_Barcilonae episcopus castigatae eloquentiae et tam vita quam sermone clarus_), had died in very advanced years in the reign of Theodosius I (379-95).  We can narrow down the dates a little more: a predecessor named Praetextatus had been present at the council of Serdica/Sardica in 342-343 and P.'s death will have occurred before the time of Jerome's writing (392-393).  According to Jerome's entry in the same work for the praetorian prefect Dexter (cap. 132), author of a universal history that Jerome had not seen, P. was Dexter's father.

Three of P.'s writings survive: a treatise on baptism in the form of a sermon to catechumens, a refutation of Novatianist teaching in three letters to Sympronius (a leader of the Novatianist church), and a pamphlet encouraging the performance of penances.     

P.'s feast on this day is recorded in the ninth century martyrologies of St. Ado of Vienne and Usuard and in liturgical books of the cathedral of Barcelona from the twelfth century onward.

Relics traditionally believed to be P.'s repose in his baroque altar in Barcelona's iglesia de los santos Justo y Pastor:
http://tinyurl.com/ydsropd
Others are said to be in his also baroque altar in the capilla de San Paciano in Barcelona's cathedral:
http://tinyurl.com/y9hyswb


2)  Vitalis of Castronuovo (d. 893).  A wandering Italo-Greek ascetic, today's less well known saint of the Regno is documented by a Vita (BHL 8697) translated in 1194 from a now lost Greek original thought to be of the very late ninth or early tenth century.  According to this, V. was born at Castronuovo in western Sicily, entered religion at the monastery of Saint Philip of Agira at Agira near Enna, travelled after five years to Rome on pilgrimage, stopped off in Calabria for two years of eremitical solitude on his way back, and then returned to Agira or its environs where he spent the next twelve years in a monastery near that of St. Philip.  The ongoing Muslim conquest of Sicily then caused him to return to Calabria, whence later he moved on to northern Basilicata.  After spending time at the monastery of St. Elias at Carbone, V. retreated to a cave near Armento where he founded a community of his own.

Still according to the Vita. V. later traveled to Bari, where he was received by the katepan; returning to Basilicata, he founded another monastery, was captured by Muslim raiders, and was treated badly before being released.  V.'s last foundation was a monastery near Rapolla (PZ) on mount Vulture (near Melfi); having chosen and instructed his successor, he died there at a very advanced age.

One of V.'s foundations was that of Sant'Angelo in Monte Raparo in the upper Agri valley.  As its name indicates, this was a Michaelsmount; like its more famous namesake on the Gargano, it too began as a rupestrian settlement.  In the earlier twentieth century its church (with an interesting cupola) and some other buildings still survived, albeit in ruinous condition.  Earthquakes have since reduced these to rubble, but three largish photographs of the place -- including one of the cave that according to the Vita constituted the initial monastery -- can be viewed in the Italian-language article reproduced here (caution: the dates in this piece are not always reliable):
http://www.carispaq.it/gruppobper/incontri/pdf_65/pdf/12_65.pdf

V.'s final foundation, the one near Rapolla, was similarly located on a mountainside near the headwaters of a little stream.  Abandoned in 1306 but later reoccupied by Benedictines, it too is now rubble.  While we're here, though, Rapolla's originally perhaps twelfth-century cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel (belltower dated 1209, present main portal constructed in 1253) is worth a look.  Repeatedly damaged by earthquakes, it has through several reconstructions maintained a somewhat medieval-appearing exterior.
Distance view:
http://www.eolos.it/images/rapolla.jpg
Facade:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/andrearapolla/1534366492/
Belltower:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/andrearapolla/1534381412/
Photo gallery (four pages; at the first view, for 'Annunciazione' read 'Peccato originale'):
http://tinyurl.com/5b48f

Two notable reliefs on the south wall (Original Sin; Annunciation to the BVM) are conventionally attributed to Sarolo of Muro Lucano, the architect whose construction of the belltower is recorded in an inscription now located beneath the Annunciation relief.  Sarolo is also recorded as the architect of the Benedictine convent church of Santa Maria di Pierno (1189-1197) at San Fele and of the expansion of the church of Santa Maria at Capogiano (inscription not dated), both also in Basilicata's Potenza Province.  Despite frequent references in survey literature to sculptors of "the school of Sarolo di Muro Lucano" it is not clear that S. was a sculptor; the reliefs at Rapolla are unsigned and could have been commissioned from someone else.  Some views:
Original Sin:
http://tinyurl.com/c6qla7
Annunciation:
http://tinyurl.com/bennjo
The reliefs' positions on one flank of the cathedral can be seen in one of the views towards the bottom here:
http://www.basilicatanet.com/ita/web/item.asp?nav=102


3)  Bruno (Boniface) of Querfurt (d. 1009).  B. was a canon of the cathedral of Magdeburg and a court chaplain of Otto III who while in Italy in 997 met up with St. Romuald of Ravenna, entered the Order of Saint Benedict, and took the name of Boniface.  After Otto's death in 1002 B. returned to Germany and soon undertook missionary activity among the Slavs.  In 1004 he received the pallium as a missionary archbishop.  In March 1009 he and eighteen companions were martyred by Prussians in today's Poland.  B. is the author both of one of the great saint's Lives of the eleventh century, his Vita of St. Adalbert of Prague (BHL 38), and of the semi-autobiographical _Vita quinque fratrum_ dealing with the Camaldolese martyrs of 1003 (BHL 1147).  Previously feasted on 19. June, B. is now commemorated in the RM on this day, his _dies natalis_.


4)  Frances of Rome (d. 1440).  F. (in Italian, Francesca Romana) belonged to the urban nobility of Rome.  Married at the age of thirteen, raised three children (of whom at least one died young), tended to the needs of her husband, and managed a largish household in periods of prosperity and near-ruin.  While she was doing this she also experienced visions and, together other female members of her extended family, engaged in works of charity.  These women formed the core of the community of penitents established by F., oblated to the Olivetans of Rome's Santa Maria Nova, and ultimately known from the site of the community's monastery as the Oblates of the Tor de' Specchi.

F., who after the death of her husband had resided with her fellow Oblates, died on this day at the family's home in Trastevere.  She was laid to rest in the church of Santa Maria Nova in the Roman Forum, since the early eighteenth century better known by its added title of Santa Francesca Romana (al Foro Romano; this specification to prevent confusion with her church in Trastevere, Santa Francesca Romana a Ponte Rotto).  F.'s community of mostly aristocratic women fostered her cult, as did her confessor Giovanni Mattiotti (also Matteotti).  Canonization testimony was taken in 1451 and in 1490 the Senate of Rome decreed today a holiday.  F. was canonized in 1608.  She is a co-patron of the city of Rome and, since 1951, the patron saint of automobile drivers.

Illustrated Italian-language and English-language pages on Rome's chiesa di Santa Francesca Romana (al Foro Romano) are here:
http://tinyurl.com/yanah7v
http://tinyurl.com/yc7amjs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Francesca_Romana
Other views:
http://www.arsetfuror.com/SFrancescaA.htm
http://tinyurl.com/y96lpx5
http://www.flickr.com/photos/casamagnolia/2275167639/
http://www.romeartlover.it/Campani3.jpg
Apse decor (originally twelfth-century):
http://www.jemolo.com/alta/ro357.jpg
http://www.jemolo.com/alta/imgro358a.jpg
And here's F. in the crypt:
http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/Fotos/Franziska_Romana.jpg

A page of F.'s Vita by Giovanni Mattiotti:
http://asv.vatican.va/en/doc/1469.htm
Three illustrated, English-language pages on F. and on her confessor (here called Mariotti) begin here:
http://roma.andreapollett.com/S8/roma-tract.htm

The illustrations on the latter set of pages come from the monastery's two fifteenth-century fresco cycles of scenes from F.'s life (one cycle by Antoniazzo Romano and assistants).  Julia Bolton Holloway has very good reproductions of them at:
http://www.umilta.net/francesca.html
http://www.umilta.net/traumahealing.html
See also Alessandra Bartolomei Romagnoli, ed., _Santa Francesca Romana: Edizione Critica dei Trattati Latini di Giovanni Mattiotti_ (Cittą del Vaticano Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1994).
A survivor (now in New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art) from a slightly earlier series of panel paintings in the same theme is shown and discussed here:
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/08/eusts/ho_1975.1.100.htm

Francesca's monastery is situated at a different location, facing the Campidoglio.  Here's an illustrated, Italian-language page on it from website of the Oblate di Santa Francesca Romana:
http://tinyurl.com/yc7amjs
A set of street views of the monastery (most are taken from the Via del Teatro di Marcello but the last, which shows a window of the Tor de' Specchi, was taken from the Via Montanara):
http://www.romeartlover.it/Vasi30f5.jpg
Illustrated, Italian-language pages on the complex and on the medieval Tor de' Specchi included in it:
http://www.mariapintoarchitetto.it/Argomento.aspx
http://tinyurl.com/ylg4zsb
A view of one of the medieval houses incorporated into the complex:
http://tinyurl.com/2tswws
The Monastic Matrix page on the convent is informative:
http://monasticmatrix.usc.edu/monasticon/?function=detail&id=434


5)  Catherine of Bologna (d. 1463).  C. (Caterina Vigri) was born in Bologna, where her mother belonged to the city nobility, but spent most of her life at Ferrara, where her father was an agent of the Este court.  Educated along with Margherita d'Este, whom she served as an attendant in the 1420s, C. received instruction in Latin, in music, and in manuscript painting.  In the later 1420s she left the court to join an already existing community of pious women; when that broke apart after its founder's death, C. established (in 1431) a convent of Poor Clares.  C. served at this house as mistress of novices and in that capacity wrote her best known work, _Le sette armi spirituali_ ('The Seven Spiritual Weapons').

In 1455/56 C. founded in Bologna another convent of Poor Clares and served as its abbess until her death.  C. was a mystic and visionary, a prolific writer, and an at least occasional painter.  Miracles began to be attributed to her after her death and when, not long afterward, her body was exhumed it was found to be incorrupt.  C. was canonized in 1712.

C. has been proclaimed patron saint of artists.  Here's a specimen of her work:
http://tinyurl.com/32nvvu
And her she is in a painting, dated 1470-1480, by the Master of the Baroncelli Portraits:
http://tinyurl.com/35sx4g
Between 1477 and 1480 C.'s convent of Corpus Domini in Bologna erected a new church.  Renovated within in the late seventeenth century, it preserves its original facade:
http://tinyurl.com/yot3uy
and is known popularly as the Chiesa della Santa because C. may be seen in an adjoining cell, fully dressed and sitting upright on an ornate chair:
http://santiebeati.it/immagini/Original/31550/31550B.JPG
http://tinyurl.com/2g3prf
Not exactly poikilothron' athanat' Aphrodita [Sappho, fragment 1].

Also preserved at Corpus Domini is C.'s breviary, written and illuminated by her.  An announcement of its scholarly edition by Vera Fortunati and Claudio Leonardi (Bologna: Compositori, 2004) is here:
http://tinyurl.com/2cy5qa

Best,
John Dillon
(last year's post revised and with the addition of Pacianus)

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: join medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: leave medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/medieval-religion.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JISCMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


WWW.JISCMAIL.AC.UK

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager