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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  January 2010

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION January 2010

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Subject:

saints of the day 6. January

From:

John Dillon <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 6 Jan 2010 03:24:13 -0600

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Today (6. January) is the feast day of:

The Epiphany (in Orthodox churches, the Theophany).  A few visuals:

1)  Adoration of the Magi (fourth-century), panel from a Roman sarcophagus, Vatican City, Museo Pio Cristiano (Inv. 31459, ex. 124):
http://tinyurl.com/39l3m9

2)  Adoration of the Magi (middle or later fourth-century; by 386), Reliquary Box (silver gilt) of Manlia Dedalia (also known as the Casket of San Nazaro), Milan, Museo Diocesano; at left in this image (at right is the Judgment of Solomon):
http://www.liceoberchet.it/netday/luoghi/nazaro/capsella.jpg
and at right in this image:
http://tinyurl.com/ydgytbj:
The iconography here is unusual.  Note _two_ Magi only, dressed as pagan philosophers.  For those with access to JSTOR, there's a discussion and a much better image in C. R. Morey, "The Silver Casket of San Nazaro in Milan", _American Journal of Archaeology_ 23 (1919), 101-25 (photograph on p. 103).  The casket's Magi scene can also be seen to good effect at least twice in this brief, Italian-language video from the Museo:
http://video.tiscali.it/canali/truveo/438356700.html
As the video notes, the two figures with the platters have also been interpreted as shepherds or as angels, rather than Magi.  And the platters, which suggest an offering of gifts and thus the Magi, are empty.  

3)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 430), reliquary casket, Paris, Musée du Louvre, Salle de Qabr Hiram:
http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000036626.html

4)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 425-449), Casket of Sts. Quiricus and Julitta, Ravenna, Museo Arcivescovile:
http://tinyurl.com/998h9s

5)  Adoration of the Magi (earlier sixth-century), ivory panel, London, British Museum:
http://tinyurl.com/sueln

6)  Three Magi (ca. 545), apse mosaic, Ravenna, basilica di San Vitale:
http://tinyurl.com/2wv5sy
http://tinyurl.com/3828a4

7)  Three Magi (ca. 560; heavily restored), nave mosaic, Ravenna, basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo:
http://tinyurl.com/3x7y9f

8)  Flask with Adoration of the Magi (sixth-century), New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art:
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/05/wae/ho_1984.196.htm
http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000023069.html
http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000023070.html
In these views the Magi are not shown.  Instead we see St. Michael, who is said to be leading them, approaching a seated Madonna and Child.  Another example of an angel leading the Magi is in the later thirteenth-century fresco from Sopoćani linked at no. 39, below.

9)  Adoration of the Magi (late sixth- or early seventh-century), illumination on one of two leaves from another manuscript bound into the rear of the Etchmiadzin Gospels (989), Yerevan, Matenadaran MS 2374:
http://armlet1600.sci.am/images/echmiadzin2-big.jpg

10)  Altar (737-744) of duke Ratchis, Cividale, Museo Cristiano del Duomo:
http://www.arengario.net/momenti/imm/momenti27e.gif
Adoration of the Magi:
http://tinyurl.com/2ccovz

11)  Adoration of the Magi (Master of Castelseprio; prob. ninth-century), apse fresco, Castelseprio (VA), Lombardy, chiesa di Santa Maria foris Portas:
http://www.mariaoggi.it/castelseprioadorazionemagisecVI-IX.htm
http://tinyurl.com/yh8v55n

12)  Adoration of the Magi (ninth-century), ivory plaque re-used for the upper cover of a late tenth-century Gospels from Metz (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 9393):
http://tinyurl.com/yze8w7a

13)  Adoration of the Magi (later tenth-century), illumination in the Poussay Gospel Lectionary (Paris, BnF, ms. Latin 10514, fol. 18v; a manuscript from Reichenau):
http://tinyurl.com/y8c9fwd

14)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1015), panel of bronze door (die Bernwardstür), Hildesheim, cathedral of St. Mariä Himmelfahrt:
http://tinyurl.com/8amrcy

15)  Magi scenes (ca. 1020), illimunations in a sacramentary of English origin (Rouen, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 274, fol. 37r):
http://tinyurl.com/37jt8y
http://tinyurl.com/2r3uar

16)  Magi scenes (ca. 1060), wooden doors, Köln, Basilika St. Maria im Kapitol (top register):
http://tinyurl.com/2xw8cd

17)  Adoration of the Magi (after 1080), capital, Chauvigny (Vienne), église collégiale Saint–Pierre:
http://tinyurl.com/82lv7b

18)  Adoration of the Magi (late eleventh-century), mosaic, Chaidari (Athens prefecture), katholikon of the Daphni monastery:
http://byzicons.net/album/displayimage.php?pid=5923&fullsize=1

19)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1100), carved whalebone panel from northeastern Spain, London, Victoria and Albert Museum:
http://www.wga.hu/art/m/master/zunk_sp/zunk_sp3/06magi.jpg

20)  Adoration of the Magi (early twelfth-century), Taüll (Lérida), Catalunya, església de Santa Maria de Taüll (NB: This is a modern copy; the original is in the Museo Nacional de Arte de Cataluña in Barcelona):
http://tinyurl.com/34a6ln

21)  Magi scenes (betw. 1120 and 1145), illuminations in the St Albans Psalter (Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS St. Godehard 1):
http://tinyurl.com/yt7qbp
http://tinyurl.com/yqj8nm
http://tinyurl.com/24qf8c
http://tinyurl.com/2cp25l

22)  Adoration of the Magi (betw. 1125 and 1145), capital, Autun, cathédrale Saint-Lazare:
http://tinyurl.com/ydeo6kc
http://tinyurl.com/y8hgx6a
http://tinyurl.com/y8qpnng
http://tinyurl.com/ycwg77f

23)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1130-1135), Transfiguration tympanum, église Notre-Dame-et-Sainte-Croix at La Charité-sur-Loire (Nièvre):
http://www.art-roman.net/charite/charite12x.jpg
http://www.art-roman.net/charite/charite17x.jpg
http://www.art-roman.net/charite/charite18.jpg
For a discussion of this church's two twelfth-century tympana, see:
http://cem.revues.org/document800.html

24)  Magi scenes (1145-55 and later restorations), Infancy of Christ window, Chartres, cathédrale Notre-Dame (alternating views: Philip Maye's on the MEDART website, taken before conservation, and Gordon Plumb's on Flickr, taken after conservation):
http://tinyurl.com/2mfyde
http://tinyurl.com/yahscuo
http://tinyurl.com/3bzgd6
http://tinyurl.com/y9uqdjo
http://tinyurl.com/2rah83
http://tinyurl.com/y99u2zl
http://tinyurl.com/3x9fmz
http://tinyurl.com/yjdbqos
Gordon Plumb's comment on the third of these four panels, at <http://tinyurl.com/y8qrac6>:
"Centre and right-hand heads and crowns are C13 restoration, the other one more recent; some of the drapery C12, but far more C15 and more recent. Red background possibly largely ancient, but the compiler of the restoration diagram I am using could not be certain,. Half of the bordering half roundels edging the panel are original on the bottom and all but one on the left-hand side are as well. Most of the rest are from various later restorations, some of them ancient but undatable. What is interesting here is that the restorers made a serious attempt to copy the earlier style in their restorations."
 
25)  Adoration of the Magi (twelfth-century), illumination in a copy of Origen, _Homiliae in Testamentum vetus_ (Charleville-Mézières, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 245, t. I,  fol. 198v):
http://tinyurl.com/2mrspr
http://tinyurl.com/32ukcw

26)  Adoration of the Magi (so-called Epiphany of Navasa; twelfth-century) from the iglesia de la Asunción at the locality of Navasa in Jaca (Huesca), Aragon, now in the Museo de Arte Sacro Diocesano de Jaca:
http://tinyurl.com/ykbqm4
http://tinyurl.com/8p73do
http://www.romanicoaragones.com/0-Jacetania/Museo%20G50.jpg

27)  The Three Magi (later twelfth-century [after 1164]), pilgrim badge (of silver), Magdeburg, Kunsthistorisches Museum:
http://tinyurl.com/6vtt89

28)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1170-1180), illumination in a sacramentary for the Use of Saint-Martin de Tours (Tours, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 193 (f. 1-142), fol. 21v):
http://tinyurl.com/ynjvdc

29)  Adoration of the Magi (1178-1180), illumination in a Coptic-language Gospels (Paris, BnF, ms. Copte 13, fol. 6r):
http://tinyurl.com/y8deanl

30)  Adoration of the Magi (late twelfth-century), reliquary châsse, Taipei, National Palace Museum:
http://tinyurl.com/2a25d3

31)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1200), reliquary châsse, Paris, Musée national du Moyen Âge:
http://depts.washington.edu/silkroad/museums/mma/mma35.jpg

32)  Adoration of the Magi, illumination in the St. Peter Gospels (ca. 1200), Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek (Cod. St. Peter perg. 7, fol. 2v):
http://www.blb-karlsruhe.de/blb/images/2006/blb-19.jpg

33)  Adoration of the Magi (Master Sigraf; ca. 1200), reliefs on a baptismal font, Grötlingbo kyrka, Grötlingbo (Gotlands län):
http://tinyurl.com/8rblkp

34)  The Three Magi (late twelfth-/early thirteenth-century), facade relief, Fidenza, cattedrale di San Donnino:
http://tinyurl.com/yhzmlnk

35)  Magi scenes (late twelfth-/early thirteenth-century), tympanum sculptures, Chartres, cathédrale Notre-Dame, north porch, left portal:
http://tinyurl.com/2nhawf

36)  The Three Magi on their shrine (ca. 1192-ca. 1220), Köln, Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria:
http://tinyurl.com/35b6es
http://www.koelner-dom.de/uploads/pics/v050008.jpg

37)  Adoration of the Magi (early thirteenth-century), tympanum sculptures, Pontaubert (Yonne), église Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité:
http://tinyurl.com/2d4ort
Two other views here:
http://tinyurl.com/yrbnlg
Anoher illustrated page on this church:
http://www.ho-net.nl/BourgogneRomane/edifices/pontaubert.htm

38)  Adoration of the Magi (Nicola Pisano; 1255-1260), pulpit relief, Pisa, battistero di San Giovanni (at right in this view):
http://tinyurl.com/23rdly
Detail views:
http://www.thais.it/scultura/image/sch00554.htm
http://www.thais.it/scultura/image/sch00555.htm

39)  Adoration of the Magi (betw. 1263 and 1270), nave fresco, church of the Holy Trinity at the Sopoćani monastery in, depending on one's view of the matter, Serbia's province of Kosovo and Metohija or the Republic of Kosovo:
ttp://tinyurl.com/yeluzoe
For the angel leading the Magi, see no. 8, above.

40)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1280-1290), illumination in an Hours for the Use of Thérouanne (Marseille, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 111, fol. 22r):
http://tinyurl.com/yohycc

41)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1285-1290), illumination in the Livre d'images de Madame Marie (Paris, BnF, ms.   Nouvelle acquisition française 16251, fol. 25v):
http://tinyurl.com/yct5m6f

42)  Links to views of several late thirteenth- to fifteenth-century depictions of the Magi in English churches are given here:
http://www.paintedchurch.org/infintro.htm

43)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1300), at lower left on an ivory tabernacle of the BVM, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art:
http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000022532.html

44)  Adoration of the Magi (Giotto; 1303-05), fresco, Padua, Cappella dei Scrovegni ("Arena Chapel"):
http://www.christusrex.org/www1/giotto/SSC-magi-vl.jpg

45)  Magi scenes, mosaic (betw. 1315 and 1321), Istanbul, Chora Church (Kariye Camii), exonarthex:
http://tinyurl.com/yrzvxm
http://tinyurl.com/2eep84

46)  Adoration of the Magi (betw. 1300 and 1340), lower register of an ivory panel, Paris, Musée du Louvre:
http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000021122.html

47)  Adoration of the Magi (betw. 1311 and perh. 1345), tympanum sculptures, Huy (prov. de Liège), collégiale Notre-Dame, Bethlehem portal:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/lilabel/3072111884
http://www.flickr.com/photos/16834908@N07/3072111900
The portal as a whole:
http://tinyurl.com/yb26qsx

48)  Adoration of the Magi (betw. 1340 and 1360), at left in an ivory diptych, Paris, Musée du Louvre:
http://www.insecula.com/oeuvre/photo_ME0000021611.html

49)  Magi scenes (1349), reliefs, Altare dei Magi, Milan, basilica di Sant'Eustorgio, Cappella dei Re Magi:
http://tinyurl.com/2j4h2n

50)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1370), fresco, Sušica, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Markov monastery, crkva Sv. Dimitrija:
http://users.stlcc.edu/mfuller/monmarkovi/Magi.jpg

51)  The Three Magi (Abraham Cresques, attrib.; betw. 1375 and 1380), illumination in the Catalan Atlas, Paris, BnF, ms. Espagnol 30, fol. 4r[?]):
http://tinyurl.com/yjenscp
Context for this image:
http://tinyurl.com/ygkky3t

52)  Adoration of the Magi (late fourteenth-century), lower left on an ivory tabernacle of the BVM, Paris, Musée du Louvre (accession no. OA 2587):
http://tinyurl.com/8gbwb2

53)  Adoration of the Magi (very late fourteenth-century), illumination in a copy of Herman de Valenciennes, _Roman de Dieu et de sa mere_ (Besançon, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 550, fol. 67r):
http://tinyurl.com/2vw7ha

54)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1404), illumination in Hvroje's Missal (written in Glagolitic script for a church in Croatia), Istanbul, Topkapi Sarai Museum:
http://www.croatianhistory.net/gif/gl/hrvojev_m2.jpg

55)  Journey of the Magi (attrib. to Giovanni da Modena; ca. 1410), fresco, Bologna, basilica di San Petronio, cappella Bolognini:
http://tinyurl.com/yz42mlm

56)  Adoration of the Magi (Conrad von Soest; ca. 1420), panel painting, Dortmund, Marienkirche, detail of Marienaltar (right wing, inside):
http://tinyurl.com/2l2j4j

57)  Adoration of the Magi (Gentile da Fabriano; 1423), panel painting, Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi:
http://tinyurl.com/24h8hj

58)  Adoration of the Magi (Beato Angelico; 1430-1433), predella panel, altarpiece of the Annunciation, Madrid, Museo del Prado:
http://tinyurl.com/29evvc

59)  Adoration of the Magi (1456), illumination in an Armenian-language Gospels (Paris, BnF, ms. Arménien 18, fol. 8r):
http://tinyurl.com/yb7oa32

60)  Adoration of the Magi (Andrea Mantegna; 1461), panel painting on a retable from the chapel of the ducal palace at Mantua, Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi:
http://tinyurl.com/2naqt9

61)  Adoration of the Magi (Elmelunde Workshop; ca. 1480), wall painting, Tingsted Sogn (Falster),Tingsted kirke:
http://www.tingstedkirke.dk/bl/kskib23.jpg

62)  Adoration of the Magi (later fifteenth-century), alabaster panel (presumably from altarpiece), London, Victoria and Albert Museum:
http://tinyurl.com/yd36py9
http://tinyurl.com/yknwn2l
Other examples:
http://tinyurl.com/ykqf2k6
http://www.flickr.com/photos/vitrearum/256236133/sizes/o/

63)  Adoration of the Magi (Jaume Huguet, d. 1492), panel painting, Barcelona, Museu d'Historia de la Ciutat:
http://tinyurl.com/8gerc3

64)  Adoration of the Magi (ca. 1480-1490), illumination in a copy of the _Legenda aurea_ in its French-language version by Jean de Vignay (Paris, Bnf, ms. Français 244, fol. 39v):
http://tinyurl.com/yzjxlwv

65)  Adoration of the Magi (Pieter Dancart; ca. 1488), detail of the high altar, Seville, catedral de Santa María:
http://www.galeon.com/juliodominguez/2006/cepi.html

66)  Adoration of the Magi (late fifteenth-century), illumination in a Syriac-language Gospels (Paris, BnF, ms. Syriaque 344, fol. 2r):
http://tinyurl.com/yact96n

67)  Adoration of the Magi (Johann von Ach; late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century), portal sculptures, Strasbourg, cathédrale Notre-Dame, Portail Saint-Laurent:
http://tinyurl.com/23mklv
For closer views, click on "statues" in the menu at right here:
http://tinyurl.com/2b2wpr

68)  Adoration of the Magi (late fifteenth- or early sixteenth-century), altar relief, Huy (prov. de Liège), collégiale Notre-Dame:
http://tinyurl.com/yczlgt9
The altar as a whole:
http://www.suite101.com/view_image.cfm/1103762
There are even better views of this ensemble about one fifth of the way down this page:
http://tinyurl.com/yfzdq3e

Best,
John Dillon
(matter from last year's post revised and somewhat expanded)

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