Most of the provenanced coins of the Chichester cock type come from the
Chichester area (about three parishes). Finds are also recorded at
Winchester and an outlier in Avon. No one will ever be able to give a
precise date for these, but they are almost certainly from the last half
of the 1st century B.C. with very little chance of them being minted in
the first few decades of the 1st century A.D. The likeliest period for
them would be ca. 50-40 B.C. as their design is influenced by
continental issues of the Gallic war period and the area in which they
are found soon went to an (apparent) exclusively silver/gold coinage.
With Celtic coins, though, strange anomalies are recorded without easy
explanations: unworn coins of various types bearing inscriptions of
Cunobelinus as son of Tasciovanus have been found in quantities in the
post conquest contexts of Harlow Temple; Fresh Durotriges cast copper
coins have been found along with worn Nero bronze coins; British B2 gold
staters (Durotriges) have been declared as modern fakes because of their
high zinc content (which is not so high as to eliminate Roman
orichcalcum coins being used to provide the copper alloy, and these
start to appear in the time of Caesar) and they are also struck from a
number of linked dies and have a varied gold content which is all
typical for genuine coins but unlikely for fake coins.
The commonest descriptive word in writings about dates in the late
pre-Roman Iron Age is "circa"!
Andy Horton wrote:
> Thanks for the help. I can't remember why this thought came into my head?
> The prehistoric to post-Roman site of West Hill, Uley in southwestern
> Britain was excavated between 1976 and 1979, and yielded a quarter of a
> million animal bones. Part of the site was a ritual complex, and this in
> particular produced a considerable amount of domestic fowl. A major problem
> has been to evaluate the immature domestic fowl bones and determine whether
> all ages are represented. This presents problems because the varieties of
> fowl represented are unknown. Therefore, can the osteometric data be seen as
> homogeneous? In fact the distribution of adult measurements suggests that
> one variety was mainly represented, that a wide range of ages of fowl were
> sacrificed, and that the selection of birds was probably not entirely
> random. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
> We have evidence of chicken bones at the neolithic village of Scara Brae
> (3100-2500 BCE).
> There is no mention of chicken bones on the web pages. My Questor intuition
> asks "Why chickens when there would be an abundance of sea birds?"
> The question could be changed to the first use of Chicken Fowl in southern
> The coin evidence is very interesting. The only local evidence is a Cockerel
> brooch of the 2nd century AD.
> Coin of the week
> The question is this: is it British or Gaulish? This extremely rare Boar
> Cock bronze - only seven are recorded - could well be British. Dr Philip de
> Jersey says: "Although traditionally considered to be a Belgic type, only a
> single example is recorded from the continent - from Hallencourt, in the
> Somme - whereas there are now half a dozen from Britain, mostly from Sussex.
> This must raise the possibility that it's a British production, perhaps
> related in some way to the Chichester Cock Bronze." This particular Boar
> Cock bronze was found at Oving, West Sussex, in 1995, which further
> strengthens the belief that it could be an insular production. It's a
> beautiful specimen, one of the best known, and comes from the prestigious
> Brian Bettison collection. Chris Rudd November list.
> COTTAM, G. 1999: The 'cock bronzes' and other related Iron Age bronze coins
> found predominantly in West Sussex and Hampshire. British Numismatic Journal
> 69, 1-18.
> I still do not have a precise date.
> Iron Age 700 BC - AD 40
> Gallic-Belgae introduction 1st century BC, but I have not read the journal
> Andy Horton
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> History of Shoreham