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SPM  March 2009

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Subject:

Re: normalization of stats - your opinion

From:

Mohamed Seghier <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Mohamed Seghier <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 11 Mar 2009 12:40:42 +0000

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Hi Michael and Torben,

In my opinion, this is a perfectly valid option and some studies have
used the first option (e.g. in patient studies or case reports).
However, option 2 is more popular for some "practical" reasons; for
instance:
1- display purposes for single subjects: results/activations correctly
projected on the glass brain with meaningful coordinates;
2- timeseries extraction at particular foci of interest: it is not
unusual to extract VOIs at specific coordinates based on previous findings;
3- region-based analysis: where the regions of interest are defined from
functional maps of different sessions (e.g. longitudinal studies);

Best,

Mohamed
 


Torben Ellegaard Lund wrote:
> Dear Gazzaley
>
> This is a really good question, and I don't think it has been
> discussed at the list. I think the FSL people usually does it the
> other way around, but I hvae not seen any paper comparing the benefits
> of the two approaches. I guess the reason for the current procedure
> could in part be historical, spatial normalisation of raw data was
> needed for a fixed effect group analysis which was once very popular.
> But with the current summary statistics approach it is indeed possible
> to do the stats first and normalise the contrast images (the
> normalisation parameters should of course not be estimated from the
> maps of parameter estimates). From a computational point it would make
> sense to only normalise the maps of parameter estimates in stead off
> all the raw images. The default template in SPM has a resolution of
> 2x2x2mm but most people use at least 3x3x3mm voxels so the
> normalisation involves a great deal of interpolation. For interleaved
> sequences I think it makes just as much sense to interpolate the maps
> of parameter estimates as the raw images. Similarly one could argue
> for smoothing of beta or contrast images instead of the raw images,
> but if AR(1) modelling is turned on the two do not commute. But which
> is the more correct?
>
> I think there are goods reasons for normalising the maps of parameter
> estimates but I also have the habit of running stats on normalised data.
>
>
> Best
> Torben
>
>
> Torben Ellegaard Lund
> Assistant Professor, PhD
> The Danish National Research Foundation's Center of Functionally
> Integrative Neuroscience (CFIN)
> Aarhus University
> Aarhus University Hospital
> Building 30
> Noerrebrogade
> 8000 Aarhus C
> Denmark
> Phone: +4589494380
> Fax: +4589494400
> http://www.cfin.au.dk
> [log in to unmask]
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> Den 07/03/2009 kl. 08.17 skrev Michael T Rubens:
>
>> Just out of curiosity, and to help guide my analysis, what makes more
>> sense?
>>
>> 1) Run stats (i.e., GLM) in native space, then normalizing the
>> resulting statistical image
>> or
>> 2) Running the statistics on normalized data?
>>
>> is the answer different for different analyses? what do you do? what
>> is your justification?
>>
>> Thanks for any advice,
>> Michael
>>
>> p.s. I have been in the habit of typically running stats on
>> normalized data
>>
>> --
>> Research Associate
>> Gazzaley Lab
>> Department of Neurology
>> University of California, San Francisco
>
>

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