From: Geeske Langejans <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Thu, Mar 6, 2008 at 1:48 PM
Subject: starch grains
To: [log in to unmask]
Welmoed Out from Leiden University forwarded your inquiry to me. I suggest
you start with:
R. Torrence and H. Barton, editors. 2006. Ancient Starch Research.
Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek.
This is a great up to date book on starch research. It includes protocols,
information on reference collection etc.
Additionally I included references to starch studies, which you may find
Haslam, M. 2004. The decomposition of starch grains in soils:
implications for archaeological residue analyses. Journal of
Archaeological Science 31:1715-1734.
Horrocks, M., M. Campbell, and W. Gumbley. 2007. A short note on starch
and xylem of Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato) in archaeological deposits from
northern New Zealand. Journal of Archaeological Science 34:1441-1448.
Horrocks, M., G. Irwin, M. Jones, and D. Sutton. 2004. Starch grains and
xylem cells of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and bracken (Pteridium
esculentum) in archaeological deposits from northern New Zealand. Journal
of Archaological Science 31:251-258.
Horrocks, M. and I. Lawlor. 2006. Plant microfossil analysis of soils from
Polynesian stonefields in South Auckland, New Zealand. Journal of
Archaeological Science 33:200-217.
Lamb, J. and T. Loy. 2005. Seeing red: the use of Congo Red dye to
identify cooked and damaged starch grains in the archaeological residues.
Journals of Archaeological Science 32:1433-1440.
Langejans, G.H.J. 2006. Starch grain analysis on Late Iron Age grindstones
from South Africa. Southern African Humanities Vol. 18
Lentfer, C., M. Therin, and R. Torrence. 2002. Starch grains and
environmental reconstruction: a modern test case from West New Brittain,
Papua New Guinea. Journal of Archaological Science 29:687-698.
Loy, T., M. Spriggs, and S. Wickler. 1992. Direct evidence for human use
of plants 28,000 years ago: starch residues on stone artefacts from the
northern Solomon Islands. Antiquity 66:898-912.
Parr, J. F. 2003. The Identi?cation of Xanthorrhoea Resins by Starch
Morphology: Prospects for Archaeological and Taxonomic Applications.
Economic Botany 56:260-270.
Parr, J. F. and M. Carter. 2003. Phytolith and starch analysis of sediment
samples from two archaeological sites on Dauar Island, Torres Strait,
northeastern Australia. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 12:131-141.
Piperno, D. R. Identifying crop plants with phytoliths (and starch
grains) in Central and South America: A review and an update of the
evidence. Quaternary International In Press, Accepted Manuscript.
Piperno, D. R. and I. Holst. 1998. The presence of starch grains on
prehistoric stone tools from the humid neotropics: indications of early
tuper use and agriculture in Panama. Journal of Archaeological Science
Piperno, D. R., A. J. Ranere, I. Holst, and P. Hansell. 2000. Starch
grains reveal early root crop horticulture in the Panamanian tropical
forest. Nature 407:894-897.
Piperno, D. R., E. Weiss, I. Holst, and D. Nadel. 2004. Processing of wild
cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis.
Reber, E. A. and R. P. Evershed. 2004. Identification of maize in absorbed
organic residues: a cautionary tale. Journal of Archaeological Science
Reichert, E. T. 1913. The differentiation and specificity of starches in
relation to genera, species, etc. Carnigie Institution of Washington,
Therin, M., R. Fulagar, and R. Torrence. 1999. Starch in sediments: a new
approach to the study of subsistence and land use in Papua New Guinea.
Pages 438-464 in C. Godsen and J. Hather, editors. The prehistory of
change. Appetites for change. Routledge, London.
Torrence, R., R. Wright, and R. Conway. 2004. Identification of starch
granules using image analysis and multivariate techniques. Journal of
Archaological Science 31:519-532.
Willcox, G. 2004. Measuring grain size and identifying Near Eastern cereal
domestication: evidence from the Euphrates valley. Journal of Archaological
University of the Witwatersrand
School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies
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From: The archaeobotany mailing list [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
On Behalf Of Ursula Thanheiser
Sent: Thursday, March 06, 2008 12:13 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: starch grains
I know that the extraction and analysis of starch grains has become a
standard procedure on American sites. Can anybody help me with a reference
of a standard textbook?