Re-sending due to CC hiccup.
Having worked on a farm for thirty-three years I think I can tell you a bit
about your problem.
If under mixed farming the ground will be worked/ploughed at an average of
three times during five years, if fully arable there are the possible
plough-pan busting operations - this entails a deep tined work with depths
into the underlying sub-soil and cracking open the sub-strata several metres
from the implement. mole ploughing is another deep operation, dragging a
steel mole in a similar operation as foresaid to improve drainage on
On arable only farms, ploughing or heavy cultivations will be carried out at
leased once a year, if the ground is traversed with deep tramlines
(wheelings) heavy cultivating of them is usually carried out.
On part of the farm where I worked there is an area called the War
Agriculture land, this land had not been used in modern farming till the
early 1940's under the Ministry of Food. This area is part of an area that
was occupied in the Meseolithic and farmed from the Neolithic period right
through to the end of the Roman period, the Saxon and later periods upto the
present day farmed land is basically just over the hedge.
Up to the mid 1960's plough damage was modest, ploughing 4 - 6 inches deep,
then from the late 60's onwards machinery became heavier and ploughing
varied in depth upto 10 inches in some soils.from this period of a mixed
farm the degedation increased year on year, the lager barrows lost a metre
in height, most of lower barrows disappeared and prehistoric field
boundaries, some a metre high, are nothing more than a shallow ridge. The
amount of archaeological artefacts brought to the surface in fields went
from a bare handful, if you were lucky in the late 1960's to the point that
so many sites were being ripped up that finds were appearing in their
hundreds as were hundreds of prehistoric and later occupation sites.
Your best bet is to talk to the landowner and see if there is a way around
it that the site and the AREA around it could be left undisturbed.
If not, within two years the site is in definite danger of degredation.
Disappearance of the site could depend on the depth of the archaeology, a
few inches not many years, a foot or more will probly see you out, but then
the damage is done. If on chalk land survival is greater then for gravel,
loam or clay. If cropped for root crops, potatoes etc, rain water runoff
will accelerate destruction as will inter-row crop working, maize roots do a
lot of damage to sites as do certain legumes.
Well! Now plot every scenario that could or will happen.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Lynn Bright" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Tuesday, October 02, 2007 5:16 PM
Subject: [BRITARCH] Plough Soil
> Can anyone help with this query sent in by a student?
> 'The site we are currently having a look at (round house) has the
> archaeology directly below the plough soil. Surface finds show it is
> constantly being eaten into. Are there any facts and figures that show
> long it will be before it is completely ploughed away?'
> Lynn Bright
> Lynn Bright MA
> College Co-ordinator @www.college-on-the-net.co.uk
> Bringing learning a touch closer............................
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