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The European Folk Revival, 1760-1914 (Sheffield, 6-8 September 2007)


Duncan Large <[log in to unmask]>


[log in to unmask]


Thu, 30 Aug 2007 12:03:30 +0100





text/plain (336 lines)

------- Forwarded message follows -------
From:	"Michael Perraudin" <[log in to unmask]>

Centre for Nineteenth-Century Studies 
University of Sheffield 

in association with the School of English, Department of Germanic 
Studies, Department of History and National Centre for English Cultural 

International Interdisciplinary Conference, 
supported by the British Academy and the Folklore Society 

Thursday-Saturday, 6-8 September, 2007 
Humanities Research Institute (HRI), University of Sheffield 
Gell Street, Sheffield, GB 

Website: http://c19.group.shef.ac.uk/folkrevival.html 

Convenors: Timothy Baycroft, Joan Beal, Matthew Campbell, Hamish 
Mathison, Michael Perraudin, Marcus Waithe, Jonathan Woolley 

The rediscovery and revalidation of the `culture of the people´ was a 
defining feature of artistic and intellectual life in the societies of 
nineteenth- and late eighteenth-century Europe, and it underpinned many 
of the key ideological tendencies of the times. Romantics and pre- 
Romantics articulated their sense of the inadequacy of cosmopolitan 
rationalism by espousing the cultural productions of ordinary 
(uneducated, rural) people as repositories of pre-rational truth and 
authentic experience. The nostalgic imitation, collection and study of 
folksong, folktale, folk custom and folk belief which this engendered 
became a process of linguistic, historical and mythical identity-
formation with powerful political consequences; and the new nationalism 
which increasingly destabilised the European political order over the 
course of the nineteenth century gained its legitimacy from such 
activity. At the same time, radical movements from the late eighteenth 
century onwards found sustenance in evidence of the cultural autonomy 
and superiority of ordinary people, in customs and festivals, songs and 
story-telling. Nineteenth-century socialism did not seek to root itself 
in resuscitated systems of myth, but its mythologisation of the 
proletariat had a related intellectual impetus. The European nineteenth 
century, it can be said, was the age of the people and peoples, of 
masses and nations; and the cultural expression of this identity was 
the folk revival.

The proposed conference aims to encompass the span of the European folk 
revival from its beginnings in the middle of the eighteenth century to 
its cataclysm, the war of the peoples, World War One. The revival´s 
British emergence from 1760 in works such as Macpherson´s Ossian or 
Percy´s Reliques will be traced. Its reception and philosophical 
development in Germany by J.G. Herder and its further elaboration by 
British, German and French Romanticism will be examined. The 
folkloristic or popular-cultural dimensions both of nineteenth-century 
socialist utopias and of the diverse national movements of nineteenth 
century Europe will be observed. Offerings from all relevant branches 
of political, social, cultural, linguistic and literary history have 
been accepted, and analyses of modern re-revivals have also been 

Papers will be 25 minutes long. 



8.30am-9.00am Registration session 


9.15am-11.00am PLENARY: 

Panel 1 (Room 1) The Folk Revival and its Uses 
1. Renata Schellenberg (Mount Allison Univ., Sackville, Canada) 
The Impact of Ossian: Herder´s Literary Legacy 
2. Hamish Mathison (Univ. Sheffield) 
On Robert Burns 
3. Simon Dentith (Univ. Reading) 
The Battle of the Ballads and the Contested National Affiliations of 
Popular Poetry in Britain 

11.00am-11.30am Coffee/Tea; Registration continued 

11.30am-1.15pm PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 2(a) (Room 1) Folklore and the North 
1. Terry Gunnell (Univ. Reykjavik) 
Tales of "Hempen Homespuns": the Politics of the Early Norwegian 
Folktale Collection as Seen in the Introductions of Jörgen Moe and 
George Dasent 
2. Andrew Wawn (Univ. Leeds) 
Sabine Baring-Gould: an English Grimmean in Iceland 
3. Vesa Kurkela (Sibelius Academy, Helsinki) 
Sorrowful Folksong and Finnish Nationalism 

Panel 2(b) (Room 2) Folklore and Socialism 
1. Caroline Ruth Sumpter (Queen´s Univ. Belfast) 
Happy Ever After? The Fairy Tale and the End of History in the 1890s 
Socialist Press 
2. Marcus Waithe (Univ. Sheffield) 
From Folklore to Folk Law: William Morris and the Popular Sources of 
Legal Authority 
3. Ruth Kinna (Univ. Loughborough) 
Willliam Morris, Medievalism and History 

1.15pm-2.15pm Buffet Lunch, sponsored by The Folklore Society, with 
talk (1.40pm) by Juliette Woods, Hon Secretary, The Folklore Society 
1.15pm-2.15pm Registration continued 

2.15pm-4.00pm PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 3(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Music 
1. Eberhard Fritz (Altshausen, Germany) 
From German Folksong to "Volksmusik". Friedrich Silcher - his 
Inspiration and Influence 
2. Jacqueline Leung (McGill Univ., Canada) 
A Cry for Lithuania: Alfred Cortot´s Edition of Chopin´s Fourth Ballade
3. Anna G. Piotrowska (Jagiellonian Univ., Kraków) 
Discovering Gypsy Music (and its Consequences) 

Panel 3(b) (Room 2) Folksong Revival in England 
1. David Gregory (Athabasca Univ., Alberta) 
Pioneers, Friends, Rivals: Social Networks and the Birth of the First 
Folksong Revival 
2. Lucy Neal (Univ. Winchester) 
Mary Neal and the Espérance Club Experiment: Refreshing the Folk 
Revival Narrative 
3. Paul Cowdell (Univ. Sheffield) 
Cecil Sharp and the Witting and Unwitting Class Warriors of English 
Folksong Scholarship 

4.00pm-4.30pm Tea/Coffee 

4.30pm-6.15pm PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 4(a) (Room 1) Simplicity and Artifice 
1. David Atkinson (Univ. Aberdeen) 
From Literary Anonymity to Ballad Revival: Textual Authority and the 
Invention of Tradition 
3. Werner Michler (Univ. Vienna) 
Volks- und Kunstgattungen im 18. Jahrhundert/Folk and Art Genres in the 
18th Century 
3. Per Ahlander (Univ. Edinburgh) 
Marjory Kennedy-Fraser and her Transformation of the Songs she 
Collected into Art Song 

Panel 4(b) (Room 2) Drama, Festival and Pilgrimage 
1. Bertram Troeger (Univ. Jena) 
People on their Way: Medieval Pilgrimage Trails in Nineteenth-Century 
2. Scott Freer (Univ. Leicester) 
The Dionysian Folk Spirit and "The Birth of Tragedy" 
3. Allison Thompson (Pittsburgh) 
"To the Maypole Haste Away": May Day Festivals in American Women´s 
Academies and Colleges, 1830-1930 

6.30pm-7.30pm Reception in Sheffield Town Hall. Welcome by Lord Mayor 
of Sheffield. Drinks and snacks 
8.00pm- Informal dinner at East One Noodle Bar, West One Plaza, 
Division Street/Fitzwilliam Street, Sheffield 


9.00am-11.15am PLENARY: 

Panel 5(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Ireland 
1. Lesa Ní Mhunghaile (Mary Immaculate College, Limerick) 
Charlotte Brooke´s Reliques of Irish Poetry (1789) 
2. Brian Ó Conchubhair (Univ Notre Dame, Indiana) 
The Irish Revival and the Language of the Folk 
3. Angela Bourke (Univ. College Dublin and Magdalene College, 
Vernacular Culture in the Short Stories of Patrick Pearse 
4. Matthew Campbell (Univ. Sheffield) 
Origins of the Harp in Moore, Maclise, Yeats and Joyce 

11.15am-11.45am Coffee/Tea 

11.45am-1.30pm PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 6(a) (Room 1) Folklore, France and Germany 
1. Déborah Cohen (European Univ. Inst., Florence) 
Staging Individuals from the Folk in Eighteenth-Century France: 
Ambiguities of a Minor and Ignored Literary Trend 
2. David Hopkin (Univ. Oxford) 
Meeting the People: the Relationship between Folklorists and Informants 
in Nineteenth- Century France 
3. Detmar Klein (Univ. College Cork) 
The Invention of Alsatian Folk-Lore in German-Annexed Alsace and its 
Use as a Politico- Cultural Weapon against the Germanizing 
Kulturpolitik of the German Empire (1898-1914) 

Panel 6(b) (Room 2) Scottish Collectors 
1. Sarah Dunnigan (Univ. Edinburgh) 
Enchanting the Nation: Scottish Fairy Tale Collectors and Creators in 
the Early Nineteenth Century 
2. Steve Gardham (Hull) 
A Fresh Slant on the Case against Peter Buchan 
3. Sara Hines (Univ. Edinburgh) 
The National and International Folk Collections of Andrew Lang 

Panel 6(c) (Room 3*) Folklore, Folksong and National Identity 
1. Kristina Jaremko-Porter (Univ. Edinburgh) 
A Reappraisal of Herder and the Latvian Voice 
2. Krisztina Lajosi (Univ. Amsterdam) 
Folksongs in Nineteenth-Century Hungarian and Romanian Culture 
3. Madis Arukask (Univ. Tartu, Estonia) 
The Estonian National Epic "Kalevipoeg" and its Selected Roots 

1.30pm-2.30pm Buffet Lunch 

2.30pm-4.15pm PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 7(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Fairy-Tale 
1. Catriona MacLeod (Univ. Pennsylvania) 
The Salvage Arts: Clemens Brentano´s "Gockelmärchen" as a Project of 
2. Elisa Müller-Adams (Univ. Sheffield) 
Father Rhine and his Daughter(s): Clemens Brentano´s "Rheinmärchen" 
(1811) and the Creation of a National Myth 
3. Marilyn Pemberton (Univ. Warwick) 
The Fairy Tales of Mary de Morgan 

Panel 7(b) (Room 2) Language, Dialect, Music 
1. Chloë Woolley (Manx Heritage Foundation) 
"To collect and preserve from the oblivion": Manx Folk Music - Rescue 
and Revival 
2. Jonathan Roper (Univ. Sheffield) 
Pastors and the Vernacular 
3. Breesha Maddrell (Univ. Liverpool) 
To Speak or Not to Speak: Conflicting Aspirations within the Manx 
Language Society 

Panel 7(c) (Room 3*) Folklore and Intellectual Life 
1. David L. Cooper (Univ. Illinois, Urbana) 
The Classical Form of the Nation: the Synthesis of Greek and Folk Forms 
in Czech and Russian Literature in the 1810s 
3. Sally Hinton (Univ. Exeter) 
The Impact of Studies into Folklore and Mythology on the Cambridge 
3. Tatyana Buzina (Russian State Univ. for Humanities, Moscow) 
Alexander Veselovsky and Alexei Remizov on Russian Folklore: the 
Gnostic Reinterpretation 

4.15pm-4.45pm Tea/Coffee 

4.45pm-6.30pm PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 8(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Literature 
1. Nick Groom (Univ. Exeter) 
Why Bother Editing Percy´s "Reliques"? 
2. Essaka Joshua (Univ. Birmingham) 
"A greater fame than poets ever knew": John Clare and Common Fame 
3. Michael MacDonald (Univ. Alberta) 
Folksinger and Folksong in Walter Scott´s Novels 

Panel 8(b) (Room 2) Folklore in Iberia 
1. Simon Furey (Univ. Sheffield) 
The Career of Palmira Jaquetti, Catalan Folksong Collector 
2. Maria Teresa Cortez (Univ. Aveiro, Portugal) 
Folklore and Education in Nineteenth-Century Portugal 
3. J.J. Dias Marques (Univ. Algarve, Portugal) 
The Oral Ballad as a Model for Written Poetry in the Portugese Romantic 
Movement: the Case of Costa e Silva's "Isabel ou a Heroina de Aragom" 

7.30pm Informal Drinks Reception; followed 8.15pm by Conference Dinner, 

Tapton Hall Dining Room; then entertainment by folk band 


9.00am-10.45am PARALLEL SESSIONS: 

Panel 9(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Germany 
1. Michael Perraudin (Univ. Sheffield) 
The Folk Revival and the Left in Literature of the German Vormärz, 1815-
2. Riccardo Concetti (Università degli Studi di Perugia) 
Die bosnische Wila: Zum Konnex von Folklore und Orientalismus bei 
Robert Michel/The Connection between Folklore and Orientalism in Robert 
Michel's Fiction
3. Felix Saure (Hamburg/Marburg) 
The German "Volk" and its National Project: Wilhelm von Humboldt and 
Karl Friedrich Schinkel on a Cathedral of the Liberation

Panel 9(b) (Room 2) Into the Twentieth Century 
1. Ilia Roubanis (School of Public Administration, Athens) 
From the Reinvention of Classical Innocence to the "First People": on 
Banknote Iconography 
2. Sasha Lozanova (Forestry-Technical Univ., Sofia) 
The Relation between Folklore Tradition and National Identity in Modern 
Bulgarian Arts (up to Middle of the 20th Century) 
3. Sandra Dolby (Univ. Indiana) 
Reviving Nineteenth-Century Folk Heroes for 21st-Century School 

10.45am-11.15am Coffee/Tea 

11.15am-1.00pm PLENARY: 

Panel 10 (Room 1) Folklore and Public Culture 
1. Peter Blundell-Jones (Univ. Sheffield) 
Architecture: from Gothic Revival to National Romanticism 
2. Karen Daly (Univ. Sydney) 
Folk Nostalgia, Mass Culture and the Political Aesthetic: Ruskin at the 
Crystal Palace 
3. Angela Schwarz (Univ. Siegen) 
The Regional and the Global: Folk Culture at World´s Fairs and the 
Reinvention of the Nation 

1.00pm-1.30pm (Room 1) FINAL DISCUSSION 

1.30pm- Buffet Lunch 

2.30 Conference ends 

Prof Michael Perraudin, Head of Department, 
Department of Germanic Studies, Arts Tower,
University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, G.B.
Tel.: 0(044)114 2224591/2224396 (office), 2631518 (home)
Fax: 2222160
Email: [log in to unmask]

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