this is very interesting.
having worked with a number of companies performing an archaeological watching brief, it is absolutely obvious that their position is that the archaeologist is there to discover and define/ describe/record the archaeology, if any is found, as quickly as possible and then leave.
we are there to solve their problems, not to advance the knowledge of the past.
Our role when involved in Development archaeology is dimished almost to the point of non-existence.
the archaeology is nothing but a nuisance to the developer and the archaeologist is there to get rid of the problem, the roles of the archaeologist as researcher, professional, knowledge collector, scientist, public servant, and educator are reduced to a very low position in the list of priorities.
if we are to maintain our position as professionals, involved in the discovery of archaeology. we must push forward our roles of the analysis and description of the archaeology and ensure that our role in the collective teams involved in development is not at the bottom of the pile.
Mike Heyworth <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
some interesting parallels here for the UK perhaps?
University College Dublin News
UCD report calls for repositioning of Irish Archaeology by 2020 to address critical issues
The current development-led boom has fundamentally changed Irish archaeology. Today, virtually all archaeological excavations are undertaken in response to infra-structural and other developments, whereas before the boom they were dominated by research concerns.
Recent estimates point to the discovery, on average, of a previously unrecorded site every two kilometres on infrastructural routes. Over 2,000 archaeological excavations, of varying scale and complexity, are now being carried out each year.
The archaeological profession has coped well with the unprecedented demand, but the structures are experiencing extreme pressure.
'Legislation requires developers to engage archaeologists to undertake pre-construction excavations' Professor Gabriel Cooney, UCD School of Archaeology says, 'But the problem is that in many cases the archaeologists are not given the time or financial support to publish excavation reports. Add to that the lack of storage and exhibition space and consequently the economic and social value of the investment in the archaeology is lost.'
A Foresight Report titled Archaeology 2020: Repositioning Irish Archaeology in the Knowledge Society published on 30 May 2006 by the UCD School of Archaeology addresses the issues and sets out proposals to rectify the haemorrhage.
The mounting backlog of unpublished excavations is in many respects the most disconcerting feature of present-day archaeology in Ireland. And although this may not be a new issue, it has become an intractable problem over the last decade. The number of unpublished excavations may now be as many as 4,000 for the island as a whole.
The problem of unpublished excavation reports is further compounded by a growing concern about the curation and archiving of the paper records and artefactual data from excavations. The magnitude of the material retrieved by development-led excavation is overwhelming the provision of storage and management that exists at present. Museums do not have the capacity to cope with the influx of archaeological material. Ongoing deterioration of the quality and usability of archival material and unprocessed environmental samples makes the process of transforming archaeological excavations into meaningful knowledge about the past increasingly difficult.
According to this Foresight Report, the central issue of concern in Irish archaeology is the lack of connection between the vast amount of information generation and the key purpose of archaeology which is the creation of knowledge and understanding about the past.
Irish archaeology needs to be re-positioned by shifting the focus of development-led archaeology from information generation to knowledge creation. This requires a fundamental sea-change in mindsets within many public organisations and private companies concerned with archaeology.
The Foresight Report concludes that three overarching enabling measures are fundamental to the prospects for repositioning Irish archaeology by 2020 including the establishment of
an Archaeological Knowledge Implementation Partnership
a Bureau for Archaeological Publication and
an Inter-Institutional Collaborative Funding System.
The Foresight Report was informed by a Consultative Forum of decision makers and other stakeholders drawn from both the public and the private sectors. The draft report was widely circulated for comments and posted on the websites of both the Institute of Archaeologists of Ireland and the UCD School of Archaeology. Preparation of the Foresight report was undertaken by Professor Gabriel Cooney, UCD School of Archaeology, Dr Muiris O'Sullivan, Head of UCD School of Archaeology and Dr Liam Downey, Honorary Research Fellow, UCD School of Archaeology.
The report can be accessed via: www.ucd.ie/archaeology