Peter McCrone writes: Slightly more seriously, the 'British' Empire was
driven as much by Scots
know how and military muscle as by English, and probably more so - it is no
accident that the chief engineer in Star Trek was a Scot (alright he was a
Canadian with an appalling accent but the character was meant to be
Scottish)Scots engineering skills being widely applied, while one of
Scotland's great export since at least the 17th century has been soldiers.
I think it would be better to examine the Empire in terms of economics and
class than of 'civilisation - yes or no?' questions.
I seem to remember that Linda Colley discusses this subject at some
length in her book 'Britons: Forging the nation 1707 - 1837'.