matt champion wrote:
> I see Andy's point but it would be wrong to stress the language factor too
> much with the 1549 rebellion.
Yes of course the 1549 rebellion was partly fuelled by earlier
grievances. However that language was an important factor is borne out
by the "articles" sent by the Cornish in 1549 from Castle Canyke near
Bodmin to the English king. One of them said "Item we wil not receyve
the newe servyce because it is but lyke a Christmas game, but we wyll
have oure olde service of Mattens, masse, Evensong and procession in
Latten as it was before. And so we the Cornyshe men (whereof certen of
us under stade no Englysh) utterly refuse thys newe Englishe". That's
typed out as near as I can get it to the photo of the original article
in Mark Stoyle's excellent "West Britons: Cornish Identity and the Early
Modern British State. Stoyle also refers to research by Joyce Youings
which suggest that the Cornish originally wanted a liturgy in Cornish.
The Cornish "articles" are not about sheep, enclosure taxation and
inflation. They are about attempts to impose a foreign form of religious
service on people who didn't want it - and language was an important
factor. The "article" following the one quoted above, for example, is
about the recall of English language prayer books. In fact Peter
Berresford Ellis in "The Cornish Language and its Literature" says they
were "concerned wholly with religious demands, such as retention of
usage with regard to baptism, confirmation, communion and so on."
Stoyle also comments about the Cornish uprisings between 1497 and 1648
"And if, as seems probable, a disproportionate number of the casualties
came from West Cornwall, then the effect of these periodic
blood-lettings on the Cornish peakign population must have been little
short of catastrophic".
The language factor was important in the 1549 Prayer Book Rebellion, and
in its consequences for Cornwall.